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Erriapus (/ˌɛriˈæpəs/ ERR-ee-AP-əs; Latin: Erriapus, Erriappus), also Saturn XXVIII (28), is a prograde irregular satellite of Saturn. It was discovered by Brett Gladman, John J. Kavelaars and colleagues in 2000, and given the temporary designation S/2000 S 10.[5][6] It was named Erriapo in August 2003[7] after Erriapus, a giant in Gaulish mythology; the name was changed from dative Erriapo to nominative Erriapus per IAU conventions in late 2007.[8][9]

Erriapus
Discovery[1]
Discovered byJohn J. Kavelaars et al.
Discovery datein 2000
Designations
Saturn XXVIII
S/2000 S 10
Orbital characteristics[2]
Epoch 2000 Feb. 26.00
17 343 000 km
Eccentricity0.4724
871.2 d
(2.38 yr)
Inclination34.692
Physical characteristics
Dimensions10 km[3]
Albedo0.04 (assumed)[3]
Spectral type
light red
B−V=0.83, R−V=0.49[4]

Erriapus is about 10 kilometres in diameter, and orbits Saturn at an average distance of 17,3 Gm in 871 days.

As a member of the Gallic group of irregular satellites, which share similar orbital characteristics and a light-red colour, Erriapus is hypothesized to have its origin in the break-up of a common progenitor of the group,[4][10] or to be a fragment of its largest member, Albiorix.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Discovery Circumstances (JPL)
  2. ^ Mean orbital parameters from JPL
  3. ^ a b Scott Sheppard pages
  4. ^ a b Grav, T.; Holman, M. J.; Gladman, B. J.; Aksnes, K.; Photometric survey of the irregular satellites, Icarus, 166 (2003), pp. 33–45
  5. ^ IAUC 7539: S/2000 S 10 December 7, 2000 (discovery)
  6. ^ MPEC 2000-Y14: S/2000 S 3, S/2000 S 4, S/2000 S 5, S/2000 S 6, S/2000 S 10 December 19, 2000 (discovery and ephemeris)
  7. ^ IAUC 8177: Satellites of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus August 8, 2003 (naming the moon)
  8. ^ "USGS: Spelling of Saturn XXVIII". Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2019-08-10.
  9. ^ IAUC 9191: SATURN XXVIII (ERRIAPUS) January 11, 2011
  10. ^ Gladman, B. J.; Nicholson, P. D.; Burns, J. A.; Kavelaars, J. J.; Marsden, B. G.; Holman, M. J.; Grav, T.; Hergenrother, C. W.; Petit, J.-M.; Jacobson, R. A.; and Gray, W. J.; Discovery of 12 satellites of Saturn exhibiting orbital clustering, Nature, 412 (July 12, 2001), pp. 163–166
  11. ^ Grav, T.; and Bauer, J.; A deeper look at the colors of Saturnian irregular satellites

External linksEdit