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The epiglottal or pharyngeal stop is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ʡ⟩.

Epiglottal stop
(pharyngeal stop)
ʡ
IPA Number173
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ʡ
Unicode (hex)U+02A1
X-SAMPA>\
Braille⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)
Audio sample

Epiglottal and pharyngeal consonants occur at the same place of articulation. Esling (2010) describes the sound covered by the term "epiglottal plosive" as an "active closure by the aryepiglottic pharyngeal stricture mechanism" – that is, a stop produced by the aryepiglottic folds within the pharynx.[1]

Contents

FeaturesEdit

 
The epiglottis is labelled as "12" in this diagram.

Features of the epiglottal stop:

OccurrenceEdit

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Alyutor [ʡujamtawilʔ] 'people'
Amis QuQul [ʡuʡuɺ̠ᵊ] 'fog' May have a trilled release, ʢ].
Archi гӀарз [ʡarz] 'complaint'
Dahalo[2] [ndoːʡo] 'floor'
Haida Northern dialects antl [ʡʌntɬ] 'water' Corresponds to /ɢ̥/ in southern dialects.
Jah Hut [ɲɔˑhɔˑʡ] 'tree'

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ John Esling (2010) "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, Laver & Gibbon (eds) The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences, 2nd ed., p 695.
  2. ^ Maddieson et al. (1993:27, 30, 33)

ReferencesEdit

  • Maddieson, Ian; Spajić, Siniša; Sands, Bonny; Ladefoged, Peter (1993), "Phonetic structures of Dahalo", in Maddieson, Ian (ed.), UCLA working papers in phonetics: Fieldwork studies of targeted languages, 84, Los Angeles: The UCLA Phonetics Laboratory Group, pp. 25–65

External linksEdit