Ensalada (music)

The ensalada (Spanish for salad) is a genre of polyphonic secular music mixing languages and dialects and nonsensical quodlibets.

The term is known mainly through a publication, Las Ensaladas de Flecha Prague (1581), by Mateo Flecha the Younger, that contains six long four-part vocal compositions by his uncle Mateo Flecha (1481–1553).[1][2][3] Each of these ensaladas is divided into several sections, ranging from seven to twelve. The music is for four voices.[4][5][6][7]

Apart from the ensaladas by Mateo Flecha, there are also two examples by Mateo Flecha the younger, two by Pere Alberch Vila, several by Bartolomé Cárceres, one by the unknown F. Chacón and several anonymous sources. There is also an instrumental ensalada for organ by Sebastián Aguilera de Heredia.




Printed editions

  • Cancionero de Uppsala. Villancicos de diversos autores. Jerónimo Scotto. Venecia. 1556
  • Las ensaladas de Flecha. Mateo Flecha el joven. Editor: Lorge Negrino. Praga. 1581. (only bass survives)
  • Le difficile de Chansons. Second Livre. Jacques Moderne. Lyon. La justa, titled La Bataille en Spagnol.

Transcriptions for voice and vihuela


  • Historia de la Música en España e Hispanoamérica 2. De los Reyes Católicos a Felipe II, Maricarmen Gómez (ed.). Madrid-México D.F., Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2012 (chapters II-III). ISBN 978-84-375-0677-7
  1. ^ "Ensalada" in Harvard Dictionary of Music (1969), p. 294, at Google Books
  2. ^ Wasby, Roger H. Matheo Flecha. 1995
  3. ^ "Matteo Flecha" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Volume 6 (1980), p. 632
  4. ^ New Oxford History of Music, Volume 4 (1990), p. 407
  5. ^ Esses, M. Dance and Instrumental Diferencias in Spain During the 17th and Early 18th Century (1993) p. 35
  6. ^ Stevenson, Robert. Spanish Cathedral Music in the Golden Age (1961), p. 314, at Google Books
  7. ^ Knighton, Tess. Devotional music in the Iberian world, 1450–1800: the villancico and related (2007), p. 30, at Google Books
  8. ^ Las Ensaladas (Praga,1581) con un Suplemento de obras del género, Maricarmen Gómez Muntané (ed.). Valencia, Generalitat (IVM), 2008. 3 vols. ISBN 978-84-482-4890-1
  9. ^ also known as Madrid, Biblioteca Privada de Bartolomé March Servera, R. 6829 (861); olim Biblioteca de la Casa del Duque de Medinaceli, MS 13230.