Engis (Walloon: Indji) is a municipality of Wallonia located in the province of Liège, Belgium.

Indji  (Walloon)
Engis JPG01.jpg
Coat of arms of Engis
Engis is located in Belgium
Location in Belgium
Location of Engis in the province of Liège
Engis Liège Belgium Map.svg
Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°25′E / 50.583°N 5.417°E / 50.583; 5.417Coordinates: 50°35′N 05°25′E / 50.583°N 5.417°E / 50.583; 5.417
CommunityFrench Community
 • MayorSerge Manzato (PS)
 • Governing party/iesPS
 • Total27.74 km2 (10.71 sq mi)
 • Total6,122
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
Postal codes
Area codes04

On 1 January 2006 Engis had a total population of 5,686. The total area is 27.74 km² which gives a population density of 205 inhabitants per km².

The municipality consists of the following districts: Clermont-sous-Huy, Engis and Hermalle-sous-Huy.

In 1829, in this village, Philippe-Charles Schmerling discovered the first Neanderthal ever, Engis 2, the damaged skull of a young child. This was before the 1856 discovery of the Neanderthal type specimen in the Neander Valley. Its importance was not recognised until 1936.[2]

Pollution fatalitiesEdit

In late 1930 and early 1931, several thousand cases of acute pulmonary attacks occurred in the Meuse valley, centered on Engis, and 60 people died. A commission of inquiry set up by the Belgian government concluded that the cause was poisonous waste gases, primarily sulfur dioxide, emitted by the many factories in the valley and the furnaces used by the population, in conjunction with unusual climatic conditions coupled with the unique topographic characteristics of the area.[3][4] Others have claimed that the deaths were the result acute fluorine intoxication.

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Wood, Bernard (31 March 2011). Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Human Evolution, 2 Volume Set. ISBN 9781444342475. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  3. ^ Mage, J., and Batta, G. Resultat de l'expertise judiciare sur la cause des accidents survenus dans la Vallee de la Meuse pendant les brouillards de decembre 1930. Chim. & Ind., 27, 145 E (1932).
  4. ^ Batta, G., Firket, J., and Leclerc, E.: Les problemes de pollution de l'atmosphere. G. Thone, Liege, 1933 (pp. 260-327).

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Engis at Wikimedia Commons