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Engelbrecht (or Englebrecht, Engelbrekt) is a common family name (surname) of Germanic origin. The name Engelbrecht has multiple translations, including "Angel Glorious" and "Bright Angel". The Surname Database says the name is a Dutch variant of an Old High German given name sometimes spelled Ingelbert or Engelbert.[1] Engel can translate as "Angle" (the name of a German folk hero), a person from Angeln, or "angel". Brecht can translate as "bright" or "famous". The name was popular in Middle Age France because it was the name of a son-in-law of Charlemagne.[1][2][3]

The first spelling variant of this name recorded in a survey was the Latinized given name Engelbricus in the Domesday Book of 1089. Engelbricht de Stanlega was recorded in the Pipe rolls of Somerset of 1176. Robert Ingleberd was the first record of a variant of "Engelbrecht" used as a family name, dated 1230 in the Pipe rolls of Yorkshire.[1]

Some variations of the surname Engelbrecht such as Engelbert and Engelberdt are common.[4] There was in the county of Flanders a family of Inghelbrechts whose name is recorded since the 13th century. Their offspring live mainly in actual Belgium, France, United Kingdom, Canada, United States and Australia.[citation needed]

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  1. ^ a b c Surname Database: Engelbrecht Last Name Origin, Accessed September 10, 2010
  2. ^ Engelbrecht - Nordic Names Wiki , Accessed March 4 2014
  3. ^ German-American names - Google Books, Accessed September 10, 2010
  4. ^ Engelbrecht Family Crest and Name History, Accessed September 10, 2010