Encyclopedia Brown

Encyclopedia Brown is a series of books featuring the adventures of boy detective Leroy Brown, nicknamed "Encyclopedia" for his intelligence and range of knowledge. The series of 29 children's novels was written (one co-written) by Donald J. Sobol, with the first book published in 1963 and the last novel published posthumously in 2012. The Encyclopedia Brown series has spawned a comic strip, a TV series, and compilation books of puzzles and games.

Cover of the first edition of Encyclopedia Brown: Boy Detective (1963)

Sobol's first Encyclopedia Brown book was written in two weeks; subsequent books took about six months to write.[1] Its main publisher was Bantam Skylark


Each book in the Encyclopedia Brown mystery series is self-contained in that the reader is not required to have read earlier books in order to understand the stories. The major characters, settings, etc. are usually introduced (or reintroduced) in each book.

Books featuring Brown are subdivided into a number—usually ten or more—of (possibly interlinked) short stories, each of which presents a mystery. The mysteries are intended to be solved by the reader, thanks to the placement of a logical or factual inconsistency somewhere within the text.[2] This is very similar to the layout of Donald Sobol's other book series, Two-Minute Mysteries. Brown, his father, or Sally Kimball invariably solves the case by exposing this inconsistency, in the "Answers" section in the back of the book.


Often, these books follow a formula where in the first chapter involves Brown solving a case at the dinner table for his father, the local police chief in the fictional seaside town of Idaville in an unspecified state. When Chief Brown barely tastes his meal, that is a cue he was handed a difficult case. He pulls out his casebook and goes over it with the family. Encyclopedia solves these cases by briefly closing his eyes while he thinks deeply, then asking a single question which directly leads to him finding the solution.

The second mystery often begins in the Brown garage on Rover Avenue, where Encyclopedia has set up his own detective agency to help neighborhood children solve cases for "25 cents per day, plus expenses - No case too small." This second case usually involves the town bully and mischief maker Bugs Meany, leader of a gang who call themselves the Tigers, who, after being foiled, will attempt revenge in the third mystery.

In the third mystery, the plot involves Encyclopedia's partner, close friend, and bodyguard, Sally Kimball, the one person under 14 years of age to physically stand up to Bugs. She is the only reason neither Bugs nor any of his Tigers ever try to physically attack Encyclopedia. Encyclopedia tends to dislike anyone whom Sally has a crush on, possibly indicating that he has a crush on her. Also intelligent, Sally once attempted—in the first book of the series—to prove herself smarter than Encyclopedia by stumping him with a mystery of her own creation. Ironically, the contest was held at the Tigers' clubhouse, with Bugs and the others cheering him on. However, she was beaten in the contest (although Encyclopedia admitted that she almost tricked him), after which she became his friend. In subsequent storylines Bugs or his gang usually set up some sort of trap to get Encyclopedia or Sally in trouble. However, as in the previous story, they make a key mistake which Encyclopedia exposes.

Later cases may find Encyclopedia assisting his father at a crime scene (rarely more serious than larceny, and Encyclopedia is always discreet when helping his father) or interacting with people around town, often exposing scams. One such example is a high school dropout and would-be con artist named Wilford Wiggins who spends time trying to dream up schemes to fleece kids out of their money. Like Bugs, his schemes have an inconsistency which Encyclopedia exposes.

In some cases it is Sally and not Encyclopedia who figures it out because, as she tells Encyclopedia, "You are a boy." In other words, she notices things that only a girl would find inconsistent. Sally further displays her intelligence in the various mysteries in that she often can deduce who committed the crime, or whether a certain person is lying, but she simply cannot always prove it.

Recurring charactersEdit

  • Chief Brown, Encyclopedia's father and Idaville's Chief of Police
  • Mrs. Brown, Encyclopedia's mother
  • Sally Kimball, Encyclopedia's friend, business partner and bodyguard
  • Encyclopedia's friends:
    • Charlie Stewart, who collects animal teeth
    • Cicero Sturgess, Idaville's leading child actor
    • Benny Breslin, whose loud snoring often proves to be a nuisance on camping trips
    • Pablo Pizarro, Idaville's leading child artist
    • Tyrone Taylor
    • Pinky Plummer
    • Billy and Jody Turner
    • Herb Stein
    • Mort "Fangs" Liveright, who can open a bottle of root beer with his teeth
  • Main antagonists:
    • The Tigers: neighborhood bullies whose clubhouse is an unused toolshed behind Mr. Sweeney's Auto Body Shop. The author frequently introduces them by suggesting a different name as an insult, e.g. "They called themselves the Tigers. They should have called themselves the Mountaineers. They were never on the level."
      • Bugs Meany (the leader)
      • Duke Kelly
      • Rocky Graham
      • Spike Larsen
      • Ike Cassidy
      • Dutch Kuller
      • Rowdy Quilp
      • Carl Higgensbottom
      • Rusty Malone
      • Monk Walsh
      • Mugsy Moonsooner
      • Jimbo Dawson
      • Roscoe Tenn
      • Jess Rae
      • Sammy Jackson
    • Wilford Wiggins, a high school dropout who always tries to get kids to invest in assorted "get rich quick" schemes, but is inevitably thwarted by Encyclopedia

Comic stripEdit


From December 3, 1978, to September 20, 1980, Encyclopedia Brown was a daily and Sunday comic strip syndicated by Universal Press Syndicate. The artwork was done by Frank Bolle, and Donald J. Sobol was credited as the writer.[3]


The Encyclopedia Brown books experienced some enduring popularity.

In 1976, the Mystery Writers of America honored Sobol and his Encyclopedia Brown series with a special Edgar Award.[4]

Educators have used Encyclopedia Brown in classrooms to instruct students in skills such as writing reports. In 1986, the Society for Visual Education, Inc. published a filmstrip series, produced and written by Lynne V. Gibbs, with accompanying audio cassette tapes and workbooks for elementary and middle schools' use. The following four Encyclopedia Brown stories were utilized: The Case of the Missing Statue, The Case of the Happy Nephew, The Case of the Kidnapped Pigs, and The Case of the Marble Shooter. According to WorldCat's library catalog listing, "As super-sleuth Encyclopedia Brown solves four mysteries, he shows students how he fills out his reports, including selecting a topic, gathering information, taking notes, making an outline, and revising and editing."[5]


TV series on HBOEdit

A live action television series adaptation, also called Encyclopedia Brown, ran on HBO starting in 1989. Scott Bremner played the title role, with Laura Bridge playing Sally. The series ran over 8 episodes. It was produced by Howard David Deutsch and directed by Savage Steve Holland.[6][7] Parts of the series were filmed in Provo, Utah.[8]

The series began with an hour-long special, "The Case of the Missing Time Capsule", and subsequent six episodes were 30 minutes long.

  • 1. "The Case of the Missing Time Capsule" (hour long special first aired in March 2nd 1989 to kick off series and aired over 200 times on HBO) "Idaville is celebrating its 100th birthday by opening a time capsule left by the town founder. But before anyone can discover what riches it contains, the capsule is stolen! When E.B. and his friend Sally investigate, they find no shortage of suspects.
  • 2. "The Case of the Missing U.F.O." (Case #529) aired first on 3/9/90 . Something eerie is going on in Idaville when a flying saucer and flashing lights appear in the night sky. Encyclopedia Brown and his side-kick Sally interrupt their relaxing camping getaway to brave the unknown and uncover the mystery of the U.F.O.
  • 3. "The Case of the Amazing Race Car" (case #524) first aired 3/16/1990 Davey looks like a sure winner in a funny car derby, that is, until someone steals his car. Encyclopedia Brown steps in to solve the mystery.
  • 4. "The Case of the Ghostly Rider" (case #525) aired 3/23/1990 The ghost of the WildCat Kid has returned to haunt Old Glennville , can EB and Sally with a little help from Bugs Meany save the day?
  • 5. "The Case of the Flaming Beauty Queen" (case #932) first aired 6/5/1990. Encyclopedia Brown investigates who set the fires in the library and whether the case of the hidden money is a scam or not.
  • 6. "The Case of the Incredible Culpepper" first aired 7/10/1990. This episode does not seem to have been released to VHS. The big Idaville magic show is spoiled when a mountain lion belonging to The Incredible Culpepper is stolen. E.B. and Sally are immediately on the case and identify several suspects. With their typical detective skills they soon solve the crime and return the lion to Culpepper. The magic show finally entertains all the good folks of the town- Thanks to Encyclopedia Brown.)
  • 7. "The Case of the Burglared Baseball Cards" (case #523) first aired 9/1/1990 Encyclopedia looks into the late night theft of a priceless collection of baseball cards.
  • 8. "Encyclopedia Brown, The Boy Detective in One Minute Mysteries" released straight to video (This includes 5 of the Encyclopedia Brown stories from the books, "The Case of the Scattered Cards", "The Case of the Foot Warmer", "The Case of the Bitter Drink", “The Case of the Civil War Sword", and "The Case of the Great Merko". This was also released to VHS.)

Many of these episodes were later released on VHS.


In June 2013, Warner Bros. optioned the Encyclopedia Brown books into a feature film.[9][10] Matt Johnson was in talks to write the movie. Roy Lee and Howard David Deutsch (producer of the 1989 Encyclopedia Brown TV series) and Jonathan Zakin were announced as producing.[11]


The Encyclopedia Brown books, in order of publication (parentheses indicate numbers on original release cover art):

  1. Encyclopedia Brown, Boy Detective (1963, illustrated by Lois Lenski ISBN 0-525-67200-1, 1982 reissue ISBN 0-553-15724-8)
  2. Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Secret Pitch (1965, illustrated by Roy McKie ISBN 0-525-67202-8, reissued in 1976 as Encyclopedia Brown Strikes Again, ISBN 0-590-01650-4)
  3. Encyclopedia Brown Finds the Clues illustrated by Tomie DePaola (1966, ISBN 0-525-67204-4)
  4. Encyclopedia Brown Gets His Man (1967, illustrated by Dick Bruna ISBN 0-525-67206-0)
  5. Encyclopedia Brown Solves Them All (1968,illustrated by Anita Lobel ISBN 0-525-67212-5)
  6. Encyclopedia Brown Keeps the Peace (1969, illustrated by Martha Alexander ISBN 0-525-67208-7)
  7. Encyclopedia Brown Saves the Day (1970,illustrated by James Stevenson ISBN 0-525-67210-9)
  8. Encyclopedia Brown Tracks Them Down (1971, ISBN 0-553-15721-3)
  9. Encyclopedia Brown Shows the Way (1972, ISBN 0-553-15737-X)
  10. Encyclopedia Brown Takes the Case (1973, ISBN 0-553-15723-X)
  11. Encyclopedia Brown Lends a Hand (1974, ISBN 0-553-48133-9, reissued as Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Exploding Plumbing and Other Mysteries, ISBN 0-590-44093-4)
  12. Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Dead Eagles (1975, ISBN 0-590-43343-1)
  13. Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Midnight Visitor (1977, ISBN 0-553-15586-5)
  14. Encyclopedia Brown Carries On (1980, ISBN 0-02-786190-2)
  15. Encyclopedia Brown Sets the Pace (1981, ISBN 0-02-786200-3)
  16. (15​12) Encyclopedia Brown Takes the Cake (1982, ISBN 0-590-07843-7) (Co-written with Glenn Andrews)
  17. (16) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Mysterious Handprints (1985, ISBN 0-553-15739-6)
  18. (17) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Treasure Hunt (1988, ISBN 0-553-15650-0)
  19. (18) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Disgusting Sneakers (1990, ISBN 0-688-09012-5)
  20. (19) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Two Spies (1995, ISBN 0-385-32036-1)
  21. (20) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of Pablo's Nose (1996, ISBN 0-385-32184-8)
  22. (21) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Sleeping Dog (1998, ISBN 0-385-32576-2)
  23. (22) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Slippery Salamander (2000, ISBN 0-385-32579-7)
  24. (23) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Jumping Frogs (2003, ISBN 0-385-72931-6)
  25. (24) Encyclopedia Brown Cracks the Case (2007, ISBN 978-0-525-47924-6)
  26. (25) Encyclopedia Brown, Super Sleuth (2009, ISBN 978-0-525-42100-9)
  27. (26) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Secret UFOs (2010, ISBN 978-0-525-42210-5)
  28. (27) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Carnival Crime (2011, ISBN 978-0-525-42211-2)
  29. (28) Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Soccer Scheme (2012, ISBN 978-0-525-42582-3)

Related worksEdit

  • Encyclopedia Brown's Record Book of Weird and Wonderful Facts (1979, ISBN 0-440-02329-7)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's First Book of Puzzles and Games (1980, ISBN 0-553-15300-5) (Note: Jim Razzi is listed as the author, with an acknowledgement of being based upon the Encyclopedia Brown series created by Donald J. Sobol.)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Second Book of Puzzles and Games (1980, ISBN 0-553-15099-5) (Note: Jim Razzi is listed as the author, with an acknowledgement of being based upon the Encyclopedia Brown series created by Donald J. Sobol.)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Third Book of Puzzles and Games (1981, ISBN 0-553-15077-4) (Note: Jim Razzi is listed as the author, with an acknowledgement of being based upon the Encyclopedia Brown series created by Donald J. Sobol.)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Fourth Book of Puzzles and Games (1981, ISBN 0-553-15110-X) (Note: Jim Razzi is listed as the author, with an acknowledgement of being based upon the Encyclopedia Brown series created by Donald J. Sobol.)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Second Record Book of Weird and Wonderful Facts (1981, ISBN 0-440-02260-6)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Wacky Crimes (1983 ISBN 0-553-15160-6)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Wacky Spies (1984 ISBN 0-553-15257-2)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Wacky Sports (1984 ISBN 0-553-15269-6)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Wacky Animals (1985, ISBN 0-553-15346-3)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Third Record Book of Weird and Wonderful Facts (1985, ISBN 0-688-05705-5)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Comic Strips #1 (1985, ISBN 0-553-15228-9) (Note: This is a compilation of the "Encyclopedia Brown" newspaper comic strips. Elliot Caplin is listed as the author. Most of the comics are based on the Donald J. Sobol stories, but there are some original stories too.)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Comic Strips #2 (1985, ISBN 0-553-15217-3) (Note: This is a compilation of the "Encyclopedia Brown" newspaper comic strips. Elliot Caplin is listed as the author. Most of the comics are based on the Donald J. Sobol stories, but there are some original stories too.)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Wacky Cars (1987, ISBN 0-688-06222-9)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Wacky Outdoors (1988 ISBN 0-553-15598-9)
  • Encyclopedia Brown's Book of Strange But True Crimes (1992, ISBN 0-590-44148-5)
  • Encyclopedia Brown and his Best Cases Ever (2013, ISBN 978-0147508713) (Note: This book is a commemorative book released in celebration of Encyclopedia Brown's 50th. anniversary. The book contains a letter from Donald J. Sobol detailing the history of the book series and its creation, as well as 15 cases selected from the previously published books.)
  • The Book of Puzzles and Games books (four books in all) were sometimes included in Encyclopedia Brown box sets with the original Encyclopedia Brown mystery books by Sobol.
  • Encyclopedia Brown books have also been released in ebook format, as well as on compact disc and audio cassette tape.

Solve-It-Yourself Mystery SweepstakesEdit

From January 15 to June 30, 1989, a special Solve-It-Yourself Mystery Sweepstakes was held in conjunction with the Encyclopedia Brown books and Bantam Books. In the back of specially marked copies of Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Treasure Hunt, Sobol presented an unsolved mystery for the contestant to solve and submit an answer for a chance to win a prize. The mystery for the contest was called "The Case of the Missing Birthday Gift", wherein Encyclopedia had to solve the case of a stolen bicycle that was given as a birthday gift to Willie Grant on his tenth birthday. The Tigers make an appearance as the suspects in the case; Bugs Meany, Jack Beck, and Rocky Graham all show up at the Tigers' clubhouse.[citation needed]

Contestants were allowed to enter as many times as they wished, provided they used a separate envelope for each entry. The sweepstakes was only available to USA and Canada residents. No purchase was necessary, as one could either use the official form in the back of specially marked copies of Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Treasure Hunt[12][13] or send in a 3" by 5" index card with the solution and the contestant's contact information.

Parodies and tributesEdit

The satirical newspaper The Onion ran an article in 2003 titled "Idaville Detective 'Encyclopedia' Brown Found Dead In Library Dumpster", which stated that Encyclopedia Brown, now a middle-aged police detective, had been murdered. The article parodied the books' tendency to have crimes solved through knowledge of trivia, and ended with Bugs Meany, who was now police commissioner, stating that he had an alibi for the murder in that "I was at the North Pole watching the penguins."[14]

Ed Brubaker and Sean Phillips' Criminal: Last of the Innocent graphic novel features a reference to Encyclopedia Brown, with a grown-up analogue of Encyclopedia featured in the comic, as confirmed by Ed Brubaker himself.[15]

The Das Racist song "Rainbow in the Dark" features the lyric "Wikipedia Brown" as a reference to Encyclopedia Brown.

In Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Rodrick Rules, there is a fictional book series called "Sherlock Sammy Does It Again" and the protagonist is Sherlock Sammy and it includes twenty short stories.[16]

In The Simpsons episode "500 Keys", the grave of Encyclopedia Brown is shown briefly next to those of Nancy Drew and the Hardy Boys, to which Lisa comments "Jeez, they're dropping like flies".[17]


  1. ^ King, Norma (February 17, 1989). "Encyclopedia Brown creator Sobol remains a kid at heart". The Twin Falls Times-News. p. D1. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Meet Encyclopedia Brown's Author". Raleigh News and Observer. April 14, 1984. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Stripper's Guide: Obscurity of the Day: Encyclopedia Brown". Strippersguide.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
  4. ^ "The Edgar Awards". The Edgars.
  5. ^ Encyclopedia Brown Introduces Report Writing Skills. OCLC 16980494.
  6. ^ "HBO's Encyclopedia Brown". TV.com.
  7. ^ "TV series-Encyclopedia Brown". IMDb.
  8. ^ D'Arc, James V. (2010). When Hollywood came to town: a history of moviemaking in Utah (1st ed.). Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith. ISBN 9781423605874.
  9. ^ "Warner Bros. to Develop 'Encyclopedia Brown' Movie". screenrant.com. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Encyclopedia Brown Movie in Development at Warner Bros". movieweb.com. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  11. ^ "Matthew Johnson in talks to write movie". 14 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Image of the specially-marked cover". ImageShack. Archived from the original on 2015-10-18.
  13. ^ "Specially-marked cover". Encyclopedia Brown and the Case of the Treasure Hunt. ASIN B001BUCW3G.
  14. ^ "Idaville Detective 'Encyclopedia' Brown Found Dead In Library Dumpster". The Onion. September 24, 2003.
  15. ^ Brothers, David (May 24, 2012). "Ed Brubaker & Sean Phillips Play With Familiar Tropes in 'Fatale' [Interview]". Archived from the original on July 24, 2014.
  16. ^ "Sherlock Sammy". Diary of a Wimpy Kid Wiki. April 24, 2011. Retrieved 2020-06-25.
  17. ^ "The Simpsons review: "500 Keys"". TV Fanatic. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2011-05-22.

External linksEdit