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Encana Corporation is a company engaged in hydrocarbon exploration. It is headquartered in Calgary, Alberta. The company is ranked 1408th on the Forbes Global 2000[3] and has been included on the Dow Jones Sustainability Index.

Encana Corporation
Public company
Traded asTSXECA
S&P/TSX 60 Component
IndustryPetroleum industry
PredecessorsPanCanadian Energy Corporation
Alberta Energy Company
FoundedApril 4, 2002; 17 years ago (2002-04-04)
Headquarters
Key people
Doug Suttles, President and CEO
Clayton H. Woitas, Chairman
Sherri A. Brillon, CFO
ProductsPetroleum
Natural gas
Natural gas liquids
Production output
361.2 thousand barrels of oil equivalent (2,210,000 GJ) per day (2018)
RevenueIncrease $5.939 billion (2018)
Increase $1.069 billion (2018)
Total assetsIncrease $15.344 billion (2018)
Total equityIncrease $7.447 billion (2018)
Number of employees
2,065 (2018)
SubsidiariesEncana Oil and Gas USA
Websitewww.encana.com
Footnotes / references
[1][2]

Before asset sales beginning in 2013, Encana was the largest natural gas producer in Canada.[4]

Current operationsEdit

In 2018, the company's average production was 1.158 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas and 89.9 thousand barrels of oil equivalent (550,000 GJ) per day of petroleum, and 78.2 thousand barrels of oil equivalent (478,000 GJ) per day of natural gas liquids.[2]

Encana has a land position in Canada of 1.764 million net acres, of which about 1.198 million net acres are undeveloped.[2] Encana's assets in Canada are in the Montney Formation, where it has a partnership with Mitsubishi to develop Cutbank Ridge, the Duvernay Formation, Wheatland County, Alberta, the Horn River Formation, and at Deep Panuke offshore Nova Scotia, which ceased production in 2018.[2][5]

In the United States, Encana holds approximately 197,000 net acres of land in the US, of which 42,000 net acres were undeveloped. It operates in the Eagle Ford Group, Permian Basin, Anadarko Basin, Arkoma Basin, Uinta Basin, and Williston Basin.[2]

HistoryEdit

When the Canadian Pacific Railway was formed, the government of Sir John A. Macdonald compensated it for assuming the risk of developing the railroad with the subsurface rights for a checkerboard pattern of most of Alberta and part of Saskatchewan. These rights were later spun off to Encana's predecessors.[6]

In 1883, Canadian Pacific Railway drilled for water near Medicine Hat, AB and discovered natural gas.[7]

On July 3, 1958, Canadian Pacific created "Canadian Pacific Oil and Gas" to manage its oil and gas properties and its mineral rights.[8]

In 1971, Canadian Pacific Oil and Gas merged with "Central-Del Rio Oils", creating "Pan Canadian Petroleum Limited".[9][10]

In April 2002, PanCanadian Petroleum Ltd was spun out of Canadian Pacific Limited. It subsequently merged with Alberta Energy Corporation to form EnCana. Gwyn Morgan was named President and CEO.[1]

In January 2007, the company sold its assets in Chad to China National Petroleum Corporation for $202.5 million.[11][12]

In May 2007, the company sold its assets in the delta of the Mackenzie River.[13]

In spring 2008, residents from Pavillion, Wyoming, approached the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) about changes in water quality from their domestic wells. Encana was the primary natural gas producer in the area. In 2009, the EPA announced that it had found hydrocarbon contaminants in residents' drinking water wells.[14]

In November 2009, EnCana spun off its oil business into Cenovus Energy.[15][16]

In November 2011, a potential buyer backed out of a $45 million deal to buy the company's gas field in Pavillion, Wyoming.[17]

In December 2011, the company sold the majority of its natural gas producing assets in the Barnett Shale.[18]

In February 2012, Mitsubishi paid approximately C$2.9 billion for a 40% interest in the Cutbank Ridge Partnership with Encana, which involves 409,000 net acres of Montney Formation natural gas lands in northeast British Columbia.[19][20] The company also sold its midstream assets in the Cutbank Ridge to Veresen for C$920 million.[21]

In December 2012, Encana announced a US$2.1 billion joint venture with state-owned, Beijing-based PetroChina through which PetroChina received a 49.9% stake in Encana's Duvernay Formation acreage in Alberta. This was in line with the rules that "favor minority stakes over takeovers" since Prime Minister Stephen Harper's December 7, 2012 prohibition of purchases by state-owned enterprises seeking to invest in Canadian oil sands.[22][23]

At the end of 2012, Encana's staff had increased to 4,169 employees.[24]

In November 2013, the company announced layoffs of 20% of its employees, closure of its office in Plano, Texas, and plans to sell assets and to found a separate company for its mineral rights and royalty interests across southern Alberta.[24] It planned to invest 75% of its 2014 capital budget into 5 projects: Projects in the Montney Formation and the Duvernay Formation in Alberta, the San Juan Basin in New Mexico, Louisiana's Tuscaloosa Marine Shale, and the Denver-Julesburg Basin (DJ Basin) in northeast Colorado, Wyoming, and Nebraska.[24]

In June 2014, the company sold its Bighorn assets in Alberta to Jupiter Resources for US$1.8 billion.[25]

In November 2014, Encana acquired Athlon Energy for $7.1 billion.[26]

In May 2014, Jonah Energy LLC acquired Encana's Jonah Field operations in Sublette County, Wyoming.[27]

In June 2014, the company acquired assets in the Eagle Ford Group from Freeport-McMoRan for $3.1 billion.[28]

In August 2015, the company sold its assets in the Haynesville Shale for $850 million to affiliates of GSO Capital Partners and GeoSouthern Energy.[29]

In December 2015, the company significantly cut its dividend and capital expenditures budget after a fall in energy prices.[30]

In July 2016, the company sold its assets in the Denver Basin for $900 million.[31][32]

In June 2017, the company sold its assets in the Piceance Basin for $735 million.[33][34]

In May 2018, the company permanently ceased production at Deep Panuke. The Deep Panuke project produced and processed natural gas 250 kilometers offshore southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia.[35][36]

In December 2018, the company sold its assets in the San Juan Basin for $480 million.[37][38]

In February 2019, the company acquired Newfield Exploration.[39][40]

LawsuitsEdit

Alleged collusion and bid rigging with Chesapeake EnergyEdit

From 2008 through 2010, Encana accumulated 250,000 net acres in the Collingwood-Utica Shale gas play in the Middle Ordovician Collingwood formation of the Michigan Basin at an average cost of $150/acre.[41] In May 2012, Encana had paid about $185 an acre for oil and gas rights on 2,156 acres (873 hectares) at an auction by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, which was "88 percent less than the average paid two years ago in the area".[42]

In July 2012, Reuters reported about e-mails between Encana and Chesapeake Energy, the second-largest natural gas producer in the U.S., to divide up Michigan counties state land leases to suppress land prices in an October 2010 auction.[43] In 2013, a private landowner filed suit against Encana and Chesapeake for bid rigging.[44] Justice Department and Michigan authorities were investigating whether state or federal laws were violated; the Internal Revenue Service and U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission also investigated.

Failed lawsuit by adjacent property owners to prevent drillingEdit

In 2013, two property owners adjacent to a drilling unit filed suit against the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and Encana for potential harm due to proximity. In October 2013, the Judge of the Circuit Court of Ingham County issued an injunction against Encana starting to drill until an administrative hearing before DEQ's supervisor of wells had been completed, re part 12 of DEQ's rules for oil and gas operations.[45] In May 2014, the supervisor of wells found with Encana, that the petitioners did "not have standing", because they did not own land within the drilling unit and dismissed the case.[46]

Alleged excessive water use for hydraulic fracturingEdit

In November 2013, Ecojustice, the Sierra Club and the Wilderness Committee filed a lawsuit against Encana Corporation and the British Columbia's Oil and Gas Commission for excessive water use from lakes and rivers for its hydraulic fracturing for shale gas, "granted by repeated short-term water permits, a violation of the provincial water act".[47]

CriticismEdit

Pipeline explosionsEdit

In northeastern British Columbia five explosions targeted Encana pipelines between October 2008 and January 2009; media reports indicate the pipeline may have been bombed by a disgruntled community member fearing the sour gas (containing hydrogen sulfide, which can be fatal if too much of it is inhaled) poses a danger to the community.[48]

Encana's hydraulic fracturing operations in the United States are portrayed in the 2010 documentary, Gasland, which alleges that hydraulic fracturing causes pollution of ground and surface water, air, and soil.[49]

Deep Panuke projectEdit

Issues were raised for the Deep Panuke project offshore of Nova Scotia, when it was proposed in 2006 as a smaller version with increased ocean discharges and when Encana asked for a "streamlined regulatory process" without public hearings.[50]

Sustainability reportingEdit

Annually, Encana engages in Sustainability reporting in which the company voluntarily discloses a wide variety of operational statistics including energy usage, emissions intensity, GHG emissions, water usage, flared and vented volumes, reportable spills, reclaimed land, community investment, aboriginal engagement, employee education, ethical controls, governance practices, corruption prevention activities, total staff, attrition, gender ratio's, safety and recordable injuries, and an independent assurance of all statistics.All data is shown annually, benchmarked against prior years. If the metric is trending unfavorably, Encana details how it is addressing the issue. [51]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Our History". Encana Corporation.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Encana Corporation 2018 Form 10-K Annual Report". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
  3. ^ "Forbes Global 2000: Anadarko Petroleum". Forbes.
  4. ^ Morgan, Geoffrey (November 1, 2018). "Doug Suttles transforms 'headquarter-less' Encana with $7.7-billion deal to buy Newfield". Financial Post.
  5. ^ "Encana Corporation (ECA.TO)". Reuters.
  6. ^ "Canadian Pacific Railway Limited History". International Directory of Company Histories. fundinguniverse.com.
  7. ^ "Atlas of Alberta Railways". University of Alberta.
  8. ^ "CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY COMPANY: 1923-65" (PDF). Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
  9. ^ "Big Canadian miscible CO 2 EOR project, pipeline advance". Oil & Gas Journal. July 7, 1997.
  10. ^ "Canadian Corporate Reports; Company Detail: PanCanadian Petroleum Limited". McGill University.
  11. ^ Mantell, Ruth (January 12, 2007). "EnCana sells exploration assets in Chad for $202.5 mln". Marketwatch.
  12. ^ "CNPC International to buy EnCana's Chad holdings". Oil & Gas Journal. January 15, 2007.
  13. ^ EBNER, DAVID (May 9, 2007). "MGM Energy buys into several EnCana assets". The Globe and Mail.
  14. ^ "Pavillion, Wyoming Groundwater Investigation: January 2010 Sampling Results and Site Update" (PDF). United States Environmental Protection Agency. August 2010.
  15. ^ "EnCana Completes Spinoff into Focused Energy Cos". RigZone. November 30, 2009.
  16. ^ Haggett, Scott (November 30, 2009). "EnCana wraps up spinoff of its oil business". Reuters.
  17. ^ Lustgarten, Abrahm (November 29, 2011). "Company Backs out of $45 Million Deal to Buy Troubled Wyoming Gas Field". ProPublica.
  18. ^ Joyce, Matt (December 22, 2011). "Encana closes sale on most Barnett assets". American City Business Journals.
  19. ^ "Encana Completes Cutbank Ridge Deal with Mitsubishi". LNG World News. 27 February 2012.
  20. ^ DE LA MERCED, MICHAEL J. (February 17, 2012). "Mitsubishi Buys 40% Stake In Encana Shale Gas Assets". The New York Times.
  21. ^ "Encana closes C$920 million sale of Cutbank Ridge midstream assets" (Press release). Business Wire. February 9, 2012.
  22. ^ Jones, Jeffrey (December 13, 2012). "Encana, PetroChina take $2.2 billion stab at joint venture". Reuters.
  23. ^ "Encana, PetroChina form joint venture to develop natural gas in Alberta". Financial Post. December 13, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c "Encana laying off 20% of workers". CBC News. 5 November 2013.
  25. ^ "Encana Reaches Agreement to Sell Bighorn Assets to Jupiter Resources for Approximately US$1.8 Billion" (Press release). Marketwired. June 27, 2014.
  26. ^ "Encana completes acquisition of Athlon Energy". Oil & Gas Journal. November 13, 2014.
  27. ^ "Jonah Energy Completes Acquisition of the Jonah Field Operations in Wyoming from Encana" (Press release). Business Wire. May 12, 2014.
  28. ^ "EEncana Completes $3.1 Billion Eagle Ford Acquisition" (Press release). Marketwired. June 20, 2014.
  29. ^ Graeber, Daniel J. (August 25, 2015). "Encana Corp. leaves Louisiana shale". United Press International.
  30. ^ Pinto, Anet Josline (December 14, 2015). "Canada's Encana slashes dividend, cuts capex". Reuters.
  31. ^ SVALDI, ALDO (July 29, 2016). "Encana Corp. completes sale of Denver-Julesburg Basin assets". The Denver Post.
  32. ^ McKinnon, Judy (October 8, 2015). "Encana to Sell Colorado Oil and Gas Assets for $900 Million". The Wall Street Journal.
  33. ^ "Encana announces agreement to sell its Piceance natural gas assets" (Press release). Globe Newswire. June 9, 2017.
  34. ^ "BRIEF-Encana to sell its Piceance natural gas assets for $735 mln". Reuters. June 9, 2017.
  35. ^ Alberstat, Joann (17 December 2013). "Deep Panuke project reaches full gas production". The Chronicle Herald.
  36. ^ "Encana Corporation – Abandonment of Deep Panuke Offshore Gas Development". National Energy Board.
  37. ^ "DJR Energy Closes Acquisition of Encana's San Juan Basin Assets" (Press release). Business Wire. December 27, 2018.
  38. ^ KOHLER, JUDITH (December 28, 2018). "Denver-based DJR Energy closes $480M purchase of assets in San Juan Basin". The Denver Post.
  39. ^ "Encana completes acquisition of Newfield Exploration to create North America's premier resource company" (Press release). Globe Newswire. February 13, 2019.
  40. ^ Pulsinelli, Olivia (February 14, 2019). "Encana closes multibillion-dollar acquisition of Woodlands co". American City Business Journals.
  41. ^ Petzet, Alan (May 7, 2010). "Explorations: Michigan Collingwood-Utica gas play emerging". Oil & Gas Journal.
  42. ^ Carroll, Joe (27 June 2012). "Encana Expands in Michigan Shale Chesapeake Is Abandoning". Financial Post. Bloomberg News.
  43. ^ Grow, Brian; Schneyer, Joshua; Roberts, Janet (June 25, 2012). "Special Report: Chesapeake and rival plotted to suppress land prices". Reuters.
  44. ^ Grow, Brian; Schneyer, Joshua (25 February 2013). "Chesapeake, Encana sued in civil antitrust action". Reuters.
  45. ^ Smith, Lee (February 8, 2014). "Michigan's fracking: Actors and issues". Midland Daily News.
  46. ^ "Supervisor of Wells Orders". Department of Environmental Quality. State of Michigan.
  47. ^ Moore, Dene (13 November 2013). "Fracking Lawsuit Targets EnCana, B.C. Oil And Gas Commission". The Huffington Post. The Canadian Press.
  48. ^ "Latest EnCana pipeline explosion was deliberate: RCMP". CBC News. 2 July 2009.
  49. ^ Mosier, Jeff (February 3, 2017). "Wise County couple that sued Plano gas company may lose their $2.9M judgment". The Dallas Morning News.
  50. ^ "EnCana unveils smaller Deep Panuke project". CBC News. 29 August 2006.
  51. ^ "Encana: Sustainability Reporting". Encana.

External linksEdit