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Emmanouil Zymvrakakis (army general)

Emmanouil Zymvrakakis (Greek: Εμμανουήλ Ζυμβρακάκης, 1858–1928) was a Greek army officer who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General, and was distinguished in World War I.

Emmanouil Zymvrakakis
Emmanouil Zymvrakakis.jpg
Zymvrakakis in 1916
Native name
Εμμανουήλ Ζυμβρακάκης
Born1858[1]
Nafplio, Greece
Died1928 (aged 69–70)
Athens, Greece
Allegiance Greece
Service/branchHellenic Army
Years of service1878–1920
RankGR-Army-OF8-1912.svg Lieutenant General
Battles/warsWorld War I, Occupation of Thrace

BiographyEdit

He was born to the expatriate Cretan Charalambos Zymvrakakis in Nafplio in 1858.[2] He graduated the Hellenic Army Academy as an Artillery Ensign.[2] Named 2nd Lieutenant in 1881, he went on to continue his studies at Orléans in France.

In 1897, he volunteered for and fought in the Cretan Revolt in the Greek expeditionary corps under Colonel Timoleon Vassos.[2] He later became an active member of the Military League, and it was he who suggested, following the Goudi coup, to call upon the Cretan Eleftherios Venizelos to come to Greece.

Subsequently he served as adjutant to King George I of Greece and King Constantine I of Greece during the Balkan Wars.[2] He was then promoted to Major General and appointed commander of the newly raised 11th Infantry Division at Thessaloniki in late 1913.[2] From this position he was among the main driving figures behind the pro-Venizelist National Defence coup d'état of August 1916, which established the Provisional Government of National Defence in the city.[2] He helped organize the new government's army, and led the National Defence Army Corps on the Macedonian Front in 1917 and until the Battle of Skra-di-Legen in May 1918.[2] During the Battle of Doiran in 1918 he commanded the Greek forces (Serres Division and Crete Division).[2]

Subsequently he was tasked with the occupation of Western and Eastern Thrace, territories that had been ceded to Greece from Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire respectively. In the latter case he defeated the resistance offered by the remaining Ottoman forces in the region. Following the electoral defeat of the Venizelists in 1920, he was dismissed from his post.

He died in Athens in 1928.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Note: Greece officially adopted the Gregorian calendar on 16 February 1923 (which became 1 March). All dates prior to that, unless specifically denoted, are Old Style.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Ζυμπρακάκης Ἑμμανουήλ". Μεγάλη Στρατιωτικὴ καὶ Ναυτικὴ Ἐγκυκλοπαιδεία. Tόμος Τρίτος: Δαβατηνός–Ἰωσήφ [Great Military and Naval Encyclopaedia. Volume III: Davatinos–Joseph] (in Greek). 3. Athens: Ἔκδοσις Μεγάλης Στρατιωτικῆς καὶ Ναυτικῆς Ἐγκυκλοπαιδείας. 1929. p. 421. OCLC 31255024.