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Emily Howell is a computer program created by David Cope,[1] a music professor at the University of California, Santa Cruz.[2][3] Emily Howell is an interactive interface that "hears" feedback from listeners, and builds its own musical compositions from a source database, derived from a previous composing program called Experiments in Musical Intelligence (EMI).[4] Cope attempts to “teach” the program by providing feedback so that it can cultivate its own "personal" style.[3] The software appears to be based on latent semantic analysis.[5]

Emily Howell’s first album[6] was released in February 2009 by Centaur Records (CRC 3023). Titled From Darkness, Light, this album contains her Opus 1, Opus 2, and Opus 3 compositions for chamber orchestra and multiple pianos. Her second album Breathless was released in December 2012 by Centaur Records (CRC 3255).[7][8]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Adams, Tim (2010-07-10). "David Cope: 'You pushed the button and out came hundreds and thousands of sonatas'". The Observer. ISSN 0029-7712. Retrieved 2017-10-06. 
  2. ^ Leach, Ben (2009-10-22). "Emily Howell: the computer program that composes classical music". ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2017-10-06. 
  3. ^ a b Cheng, Jacqui. "Virtual Composer Makes Beautiful Music and Stirs Controversy". Ars Technica. 
  4. ^ David Cope (1987), "Experiments in Music Intelligence." In Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference, San Francisco: Computer Music Assn.
  5. ^ Wiggins, G. A. (14 December 2007). "Computer Models of Musical Creativity: A Review of Computer Models of Musical Creativity by David Cope" (PDF). Literary and Linguistic Computing. 23 (1): 109–116. doi:10.1093/llc/fqm025. 
  6. ^ http://www.centaurrecords.com/store/emily-howell-from-darkness-light-music-composed-by-a-computer-program-designed-by-david-cope-from-darkness-light.html
  7. ^ "Artificial Intelligence Able to Create Music". Next Nature Network. 2015-03-21. Retrieved 2017-10-06. 
  8. ^ http://www.centaurrecords.com/store/emily-howell-breathless-silver-blood.html
  • Computer Models of Musical Creativity, MIT Press (December 16, 2005), ISBN 0262033380

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