Emily Howell is a computer program created by UC Santa Cruz professor of music David Cope.[1] Emily Howell is an interactive interface that "hears" feedback from listeners, and builds its own musical compositions from a source database, derived from a previous composing program called Experiments in Musical Intelligence (EMI).[2] Cope attempts to “teach” the program by providing feedback so that it can cultivate its own "personal" style.[1] The software appears to be based on latent semantic analysis.[3]

Emily Howell’s first album[4] was released in February 2009 by Centaur Records (CRC 3023). Titled From Darkness, Light, this album contains her Opus 1, Opus 2, and Opus 3 compositions for chamber orchestra and multiple pianos. Her second album Breathless was released in December 2012 by Centaur Records (CRC 3255).[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Cheng, Jacqui. "Virtual Composer Makes Beautiful Music and Stirs Controversy". Ars Technica. 
  2. ^ David Cope (1987), "Experiments in Music Intelligence." In Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference, San Francisco: Computer Music Assn.
  3. ^ Wiggins, G. A. (14 December 2007). "Computer Models of Musical Creativity: A Review of Computer Models of Musical Creativity by David Cope" (PDF). Literary and Linguistic Computing. 23 (1): 109–116. doi:10.1093/llc/fqm025. 
  4. ^ http://www.centaurrecords.com/store/emily-howell-from-darkness-light-music-composed-by-a-computer-program-designed-by-david-cope-from-darkness-light.html
  5. ^ http://www.centaurrecords.com/store/emily-howell-breathless-silver-blood.html
  • Computer Models of Musical Creativity, MIT Press (December 16, 2005), ISBN 0262033380

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