Emil Lask
Born 25 September 1875
Wadowitz, Austrian Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Wadowice, Poland)
Died 26 May 1915 (1915-05-27) (aged 39)
Turza-Mała, Austrian Galicia, Austria-Hungary
Era 20th-century philosophy
Region Western Philosophy
School Neo-Kantianism

Emil Lask (September 25, 1875 – May 26, 1915) was German philosopher. A student of Heinrich Rickert at Freiburg, he was a member of the Southwestern School of Neo-Kantianism.

Contents

BiographyEdit

Lask was born in Austrian Galicia, as a son of Jewish parents. After completing his philosophical education at Freiburg, he was made lecturer at Heidelberg in 1905, and he was elected professor there just before the outbreak of World War I. When war began in 1914 Lask immediately volunteered. Since, as a Heidelberg professor, he would have been regarded as indispensable on the home front, he did not have to enlist. But, conscientious and idealistic, Lask believed that he had an obligation to serve his country. Lask was made a sergeant and sent to Galicia on the Eastern front, despite a frail constitution and severe myopia—which also meant that he could not shoot, but he still felt obliged to remain at the front.[1] Lask died during the war, not far from the city of his birth, in the Galician Campaign. Wilhelm Windelband refused to request his return to Heidelberg as indispensable to philosophy.[2]

Lask was an important and original thinker whose rewarding work is little known, due to his early death, but also because of the decline of Neo-Kantianism. His published and some unpublished writings were collected in a three volume edition by his pupil Eugen Herrigel with a notice by Lask's former teacher Rickert in 1923 and 1924. Lask is of interest to philosophers because of his uncompromising attitude and to historians of philosophy because of his influence on György Lukács and the young Martin Heidegger. In Being and Time (1927), Heidegger credited Lask with being the only person to have taken up Edmund Husserl's investigations "positively from outside the mainstream of phenomenological research", pointing to Husserl's Logical Investigations as an influence on Lask's Die Logik der Philosophie und die Kategorienlehre (1911) and Die Lehre vom Urteil (1912).[3] Lask's ideas were also influential in Japan, due to Herrigel, who lived and taught there for several years.

Original worksEdit

  • Fichtes Idealismus und die Geschichte Tübingen, 1902.
  • Rechtsphilosophie in: "Die Philosophie im Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Festschrift für Kuno Fischer" Edited by Wilhelm Windelband, Heidelberg, 1907.
  • Die Logik der Philosophie und die Kategorienlehre Tübingen, J.C.B. Mohr, 1911.
  • Gesammelte Schriften edited by Eugen Herrigel, Tübingen: Mohr, 1923-24 (3 volumes); reprint: Jena, Scheglmann, 2002.
English translations
  • The Logic of Philosophy and the Doctrine of Categories translated by Christian Braun, Free Association Books, 1999.
French translations
  • La logique de la philosophie et la doctrine des catégories. Etude sur la forme logique et sa souveraineté Paris, Vrin, 2002.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Emil Lask and Kantianism"
  2. ^ Gary D. Jaworski, Georg Simmel and the American Prospect, SUNY Press, 1997, p. 95.
  3. ^ Heidegger, Martin (2008). Being and Time. New York: HarperPerennial. p. 494. ISBN 978-0-06-157559-4. 

ReferencesEdit

  • Friedbert Holz (1982), "Lask, Emil", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 13, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 648–649 
  • Borda, Mara, Knowledge Science Religion: Philosophy as a Critical Alternative to Metaphysics (Wurzburg: Konighausen & Neumann, 2006) [contains very extensive discussion of Lask with comparisons to Simmel and Heidegger]
  • Beiser, Frederick, The German Historicist Tradition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011) [contains a chapter long introduction and overview of Lask's work]

External linksEdit