Ely railway station

Ely railway station is on the Fen line in the east of England, serving the city of Ely, Cambridgeshire. It is 70 miles 30 chains (113.3 km) from London Liverpool Street and is situated between Waterbeach and Littleport stations on the Fen line to King's Lynn. It is an important junction for three other lines; the Ely to Peterborough Line, the Ipswich to Ely Line and the Norwich to Ely line.

Ely
National Rail
Elyext.jpg
LocationEly, East Cambridgeshire
England
Grid referenceTL542793
Managed byGreater Anglia
Platforms3
Other information
Station codeELY
ClassificationDfT category D
History
Opened1845.[1]
Passengers
2015/16Increase 2.132 million
 Interchange Increase 0.386 million
2016/17Increase 2.209 million
 Interchange Increase 0.404 million
2017/18Increase 2.282 million
 Interchange Increase 0.456 million
2018/19Increase 2.387 million
 Interchange Increase 0.466 million
2019/20Decrease 2.364 million
 Interchange Decrease 0.416 million
Notes
Passenger statistics from the Office of Rail and Road

Ely is a busy station with trains running to a variety of destinations including London, Cambridge, King's Lynn, Birmingham, Nottingham, Sheffield, Manchester and Liverpool. It is managed by Greater Anglia which is also one of four train operators that serve the station, the others being Great Northern, CrossCountry and East Midlands Railway.

The station was opened in 1845 by the Eastern Counties Railway at a cost of £81,500, the land on which it was built being a marshy swamp.[2] The station was modified substantially by British Rail in the early 1990s, at the time that electrification of the line was taking place.

DescriptionEdit

The station building was designed by Francis Thompson (architect) although Sancton Wood as chief architect is often given credit. On opening the station building had two Italianate towers – one at the north end and the another above the booking office. There were two cubed pavilions either side of an arcade. When the station opened it had three platforms and these were linked by a footbridge to the south of the station buildings. This footbridge was later replaced (sometime before 1902) by a substantial brick footbridge located at the north end of the station but by 1925 a subway had been constructed and this is in use today (2020).[3]

In the 1920s there were carriage sidings to the east of the station which were used by stock for local all stations trains towards Newmarket, Peterborough, King's Lynn and Norwich. The engine shed and goods yard were located south of the station and a level crossing was located immediately north of the station.[4] The level crossing existed because the underbridge had limited clearance so taller lorries had to travel this way sometimes causing delays to the railway services.

The station was rebuilt in the 1929/1930 by the LNER in a similar style and it is suspected that the towers were removed at that time.[5] While the rest of the structures remained intact, during the remodelling in the 1990s the space for three tracks between the platforms (the third track had been removed some years earlier) was reduced to two and the lines through the station were electrified. On 1 November 2018 following the opening of the Ely bypass, the level crossing immediately north of the station was closed to road traffic.[6]

One and a half miles north of the station the line splits three ways with the lines towards March and Peterborough, King's Lynn and Norwich. There is also a loop that allows for traffic from the King's Lynn and Norwich lines a direct route to March and Peterborough that diverges here and joins the Peterborough line at Ely West Junction.

ServicesEdit

July 1922Edit

All services in 1922 were operated by the Great Eastern Railway. Ely was the origin point for some local stopping services to March, Newmarket, King's Lynn and Norwich as well as the branch line to St Ives. As a result, there were some carriage sidings on the east side of the station where stock for these was stabled overnight.

Longer distance services all called at Ely although one exception was the 11.20 London St Pancras – King's Lynn and Hunstanton. The GER had running rights into St. Pancras via the Tottenham and Hampstead and it was used by them when running royal trains to Sandringham which was located on the Hunstanton line. Most London trains originated at Liverpool Street station.

Some trains such as the 11.50 Liverpool Street service arrived at Ely at 13.34 and split into Hunstanton and Norwich portions. Pullman cars and restaurant cars worked would have been seen on the longer distance trains operating through the area at this time. A number of services to and from the Norwich line avoided the station completely, by being routed via the West Curve unlike 2020, where nearly all services call at Ely and reverse.

Ely was served by the Hook Continental service from Parkeston Quay to various destinations in the North and Midlands. By 2020 standards service levels were low and on Sunday there were few trains running. For example, on the King's Lynn line there was one departure to Hunstanton departing Ely at 12.00 and one to King's Lynn at 17.40.

December 2015Edit

The station is served by four operators:

  • CrossCountry trains provides an hourly service from Cambridge to Birmingham New Street. This service is routed via Peterborough and Leicester, and uses Class 170 Turbostar diesel multiple units.[7]
  • East Midlands Railway provides an (approximately) hourly service from Norwich to Liverpool Lime Street via Peterborough, Nottingham, Sheffield, and Manchester Piccadilly. Services are operated using Class 158 diesel multiple units (or occasionally, Class 156 diesel multiple units) which reverse at Ely.[8]
  • Great Northern serve the station as part of their service from London King's Cross to King's Lynn. Outside peak hours the services run non-stop between London and Cambridge as part of the half-hourly "Cambridge Cruiser" service. Trains then continue beyond Cambridge, with one an hour terminating at Ely and one continuing stopping at all stations on the Fen Line to King's Lynn. The journey from King's Cross to Ely is timetabled to take just over an hour on the fastest services. During peak hours most trains divide (northbound) or couple (southbound) at Cambridge which adds some minutes to the journey time. In addition, during peak hours most services make additional stops between London Kings Cross and Cambridge which contributes further to an extended journey time. During recent years the number of direct services has increased; from the timetable change of December 2013 there are direct services from London every half hour from 16:44 to 23:14. Some off-peak services can take as little as 1 hour and 5 minutes between London and Ely. During peak hours they can take up to 1 hour and 21 minutes. Most services are operated by Class 387 electrical multiple units but are sometimes operated by Class 365s.
  • Greater Anglia serves the station with three routes:
    • An hourly service between Cambridge and Norwich via the Breckland Line. These services normally use three coach Class 755 units. Four units are diagrammed to work the hourly service. Nine services a day are extended to Stansted Airport [9]
    • A two hourly service between Ipswich and Peterborough via Bury St Edmunds. These services normally use three coach Class 755 diesel multiple units. Two units are diagrammed to work the two hourly service.[10]
    • On weekdays there are four services that operate to London Liverpool Street in the morning peak, three of which originate at King's Lynn while one commences at Ely. There are four return journeys in the evening; one terminating at Ely while the other three continue to King's Lynn. There is no service on Saturday or Sunday. These services normally use Class 379 electrical multiple units.[11]
 
The Hunstanton portion of the 10.39 service from Liverpool Street at Ely in 1958
 
Trains in the station platforms
 
Ely railway station signals

SummaryEdit

Preceding station     National Rail   Following station
CrossCountry
Limited Service
East Midlands Railway
Norwich-Liverpool
Limited Service
Limited Service
Great Northern
Fen Line
Greater Anglia
Limited Services
Greater Anglia
Ipswich-Peterborough
Greater Anglia
Liverpool Street-King's Lynn/Ely
Peak only
  Future Services  
Cambridge   East West Rail
Oxford-Norwich
  Norwich
Greater Anglia
Peterborough – Ipswich
Historical railways
Line open, station closed
Great Eastern RailwayTerminus
Line open, station closed
Great Eastern RailwayTerminus
Disused railways
Line and station closed
Great Eastern RailwayTerminus

RetailEdit

There are two branches of Locoespresso[12] on the station: one on platform 1, the other on platforms 2 and 3. These serve hot and cold drinks as well as snacks, magazines, and newspapers. Platform 1 also includes a L.A. Golden Bean kiosk, which sells hot and cold drinks and snacks.

OperationsEdit

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 25 August 1866, a passenger train derailed near Ely due to defective track. One person was killed and five were seriously injured.[13]
  • On 1 June 1870, a passenger train was derailed near Ely. Some passengers sustained minor injuries.[14]
  • On 2 April 1874, two freight trains collided at Ely.[15]
  • On 16 January 1890, a train from Newmarket ran into the rear of a freight train near Ely.[16]
  • On 26 September 1905, a freight train derailed at Dock Junction, fouling the adjacent line. A passenger train collided with derailed wagons. Four passengers were injured, one seriously.[17]
  • On 22 June 2007, a goods train derailed at Hawk Bridge which carries the Ipswich line over the River Great Ouse a mile south of Ely. Photographs showed derailed wagons on their side, only prevented from plunging off the embankment by subsidiary structures and their attachment to the rest of the train. As a consequence of the derailment the bridge had to be rebuilt and there were no train services between Ely and Bury St. Edmunds until the works were completed on 21 December 2007.[18]
  • On 14 August 2017, a freight train was derailed at Ely West Junction, near Queen Adelaide. The line between Ely and Peterborough was closed until 21 August.[19][20]

Engine ShedEdit

Opened in 1847, the shed would have housed locomotives for some of the local all stations services operating around Ely. A shed was employed from opening but this was replaced by a second structure in 1867.

This was a single road engine shed located on the up side, south of the station. The shed was a corrugated iron affair and a timber coaling stage allowed coaling of trains by hand. There was a turntable which was provided from opening and replaced by a 45-foot turntable in 1879 and as loco designs got bigger this in turn was replaced by a 55-foot turntable in 1912.[21]

A short siding extended from the loco yard to a small dock on the river.

In July 1922 the allocation was:- .[22]

Class (LNER classification) Wheel Arrangement Number allocated
D13 4-4-0 3
D14 4-4-0 1
J15 0-6-0 6
J69 0-6-0T 1

The D13/D14 class were employed on local passenger services with some of the J15 0-6-0s which would have also worked freight trains. The J69 tank engine was employed to shunt the goods yard and station area. It is unclear when the shed was demolished but steam locomotives continued to use the site until the end of 1962. After that, an outbased Cambridge diesel shunter took care of shunting duties in the area until the early 1990s. When not in use, this was stabled in a short siding adjacent to the station.

SignallingEdit

The list below shows the signal boxes operating in the Ely area when the area was controlled by manually operated by semaphore signals. The boxes are listed south to north.[23]

Name Remarks Closed
Sutton Branch Junction Junction for St Ives Line and opened in 1866 with that line. After closure this the junction was worked by Ely Dock Junction 17 July 1932
Ely Dock Junction Junction for Newmarket Line. The first box (50 levers) was located west of the line and this was replaced in 1928 on the opposite side. By 1932 this had 82 levers 23–25 April 1992
Ely South Controlled the south end of Ely station 29 June 1985
Ely North Ely Station North was opened in 1880 and was a Great Eastern Railway Type 2 design built by Stevens & Sons. It opened fitted with a 37 lever Stevens & Sons Tappet frame which was extended to 41 levers (possibly in LNER days). 10 April 1992 - demolished on 27–29 April 1992.
Ely South Junction This short-lived box controlled the south entrance to sidings that existed just south of Ely North Junction. These were used to reverse Norwich/King's Lynn line to March trains before the West Curve opened. The location also had a turntable for turning locomotives 1890
Ely North Junction The two boxes located at Ely North Junction were the busiest of the Ely boxes, controlling the triple junction and, from 1890, both ends of the West Curve which allowed trains to run direct between Norwich and Peterborough instead of reversing at Ely station. the first box was opened in 1874 and was a Saxby & Farmer/Great Eastern type 1 design of wooden construction. By the mid 1920s the box was supported by a brace and with the decision to build a new sugar beet factory on land to the east of the line, the LNER replaced the box with a new brick built box,(LNER Type 11a) which also controlled the entry to the sugar factory beet sidings. April 1992
Adelaide 15 levers - located on the King's Lynn line by the B1382 level crossing. Control passed to Ely North Junction. 3 November 1930
Ely West Junction Opened 1890 to operate the connection from the March Line to the West Curve. Control passed to Ely North Junction. 3 November 1930
 
Ely Station North signal box, level crossing and semaphore signals

The station area is currently (2020) controlled by Cambridge Power Signal Box.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ History Of The City of Ely
  2. ^ Gordon, D.I. (1968). Volume V: The Eastern Counties. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain. David and Charles.
  3. ^ Taylor, Dave (April 1997). "The A-Z of Great Eastern stations - Ely". Great Eastern Journal. 90: 10.
  4. ^ Taylor, Dave (April 1997). "The A-Z of Great Eastern stations - Ely". Great Eastern Journal. 90: 10.
  5. ^ Petty, Mike. "1929 07 05ES". A Cambridgeshire scrapbook (p1513). Mike Petty. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Ely Southern Bypass". Cambridgeshire County Council. Cambridgeshire County Council.
  7. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 47 (Network Rail)
  8. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 49 (Network Rail)
  9. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 17 (Network Rail)
  10. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 14 (Network Rail)
  11. ^ GB eNRT December 2015 Edition, Table 22 (Network Rail)
  12. ^ "Locoespresso".
  13. ^ "Great Eastern Railway" (PDF). Board of Trade. 11 September 1866. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Railway Accident near Ely". Bury and Norwich Post, and Suffolk Herald (4589). Bury St. Edmunds. p. 7.
  15. ^ "Railway Accidents". The Bradford Observer (3514). Bradford.
  16. ^ "Railway Accident Near Ely". The Yorkshire Herald, and The York Herald (12053). York.
  17. ^ "Great Eastern Railway" (PDF). Board of Trade. 30 September 1905. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  18. ^ "Derailment at Ely Dock Junction, 22 June 2007" (PDF). Rail Accident Investigation Branch. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  19. ^ "A derailed freight train has caused chaos on services across the East of England". BBC News Online. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  20. ^ "Derailment at Ely West Junction, 14 August 2017". Rail Accident Investigation Branch. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  21. ^ Hawkins, Chris; Reeve, George (1987). Great Eastern Railway Engine Sheds Part 2. Didcot: Wild Swan. pp. 345–349. ISBN 0-906867-48-7.
  22. ^ Hawkins, Chris; Reeve, George (1987). Great Eastern Railway Engine Sheds Part 2. Didcot: Wild Swan. p. 377. ISBN 0-906867-48-7.
  23. ^ Wilson, Bryan (April 1990). "The A- Z of Great Eastern stations - Ely". Great Eastern Journal. 90: 11.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ely railway station at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 52°23′25″N 0°15′59″E / 52.39028°N 0.26639°E / 52.39028; 0.26639