Elijah of Fulda

Elijah ben Judah Loeb of Fulda (Hebrew: אליהו מפולדה‎; 1650s in Vyzhnytsia – c. 1720 in Fulda) was the earliest and most important of the early Ashkenazic commentators on the previously neglected Jerusalem Talmud.[1][2]

His commentaries on the Jerusalem Talmud were the Mahara Fulda and its companion, Tosefot Maharaf. These were published in Amsterdam in 1710 (though not in their entirety). Many subsequent commentators refer to him simply as HaMefaresh (The Commentator). The addenda printed at the end of various early editions of this commentary have been consolidated in glosses called He'arot Maharaf.

Elijah ben Judah Loeb lived in Wiznica for most of his life, only settling in Fulda in his later years. His division of his commentary into two parts—Commentary and Novellae—was the model for David ben Naphtali Fränkel's division into two parts of his Korban ha-Edah "The Communal Sacrifice."[3] His Korban ha-Edah (or Qorban Ha'edah) was published posthumously in Dessau in 1743.[4]


  1. ^ Menachem Elon Jewish law: history, sources, principles Volume 3 ;Volume 3 1994 "The earliest and most important of these Ashkenazic commentators was Elijah of Fulda. D. Elijah of Fulda's Commentary and Novellae At the beginning of the eighteenth century, Elijah of Fulda, Germany,121 composed a commentary on the ...
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Judaica: Volume 1 ed. Cecil Roth - rep. 1996 ELIJAH BEN LOEB OF FULDA 6:648
  3. ^ Marvin J. Heller Printing the Talmud: a history of the individual treatises printed Treatises Printed from 1700 to 1750 1999 Page 92 "Elon writes that Fraenkel, in dividing his commentary into two parts, thus followed the model established by Elijah Fulda. 8 Korban ha-Edah is now a standard work on the Jerusalem Talmud, used by students of that Talmud to this day."
  4. ^ The Talmud of the land of Israel: a preliminary translation and commentary Volume 19 - Page 176 Jacob Neusner - 1987 - 187 pages Elijah of Fulda, Qorban Hafedah (Dessau, 1743; Berlin, 1757, 1760-62)