Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Poland
Eleanor Maria Josefa of Austria (Polish: Eleonora; 21 May 1653 – 17 December 1697) was Queen of Poland by marriage to king Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki and Duchess of Lorraine by marriage to Charles V, Duke of Lorraine.
|Eleanor of Austria|
|Queen consort of Poland|
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
|Tenure||27 February 1670 – 10 November 1673|
|Coronation||29 September 1670|
|Duchess consort of Lorraine|
|Tenure||6 February 1678 – 18 April 1690|
|Born||21 May 1653|
|Died||17 December 1697 (aged 44)|
|Spouse||Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki|
(m. 1670–1673); his death
Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
(m. 1678–1690); his death
|Issue||Leopold, Duke of Lorraine|
Charles Joseph, Bishop of Olomouc
|Father||Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Princess Eleanor Gonzaga|
Queen of PolandEdit
Eleanor married Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki (known as Michael I), King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, on 27 February 1670 in the Jasna Góra Monastery. They had one stillborn son on 29 November 1670. In 1671, she had a miscarriage. The opposition of Michael spread rumors that Michael forced her to fake pregnancies, but this is not considered likely. Queen Eleanor was regarded as a model of goodness, softness and loyalty toward her spouse. She learned Polish, although she preferred Latin, and accompanied Michael on his official journeys around Poland. She was guided in her role as queen by her lady-in-waiting Klara Izabella Pacowa, who became her influential favorite.
Her husband died on 10 November 1673. She remained in Poland for a couple of years after his death.
Duchess of LorraineEdit
Eleanor then married Charles V, Duke of Lorraine, on 4 February 1678 in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. The couple resided in Innsbrück in Austria. They were the parents of 6 children. She passed to her heirs the inheritance of the Gonzaga of Mantua.
Eleanor died at the age of 44, having outlived both of her husbands and 2 of her children.
- Davies 1982, p. 398, 471.
- Davies 1982, p. 472.
- Lipp 2011, p. 82.
- Eder, Karl (1961), "Ferdinand III.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 5, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 85–86; (full text online)
- "Gonzaga, Eleonora II (1628–1686)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research. 2002. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- Eder, Karl (1961), "Ferdinand II.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 5, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 83–85; (full text online)
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 23 – via Wikisource.
- "GONZAGA: LINEA SOVRANA DI MANTOVA". Enciclopedia genealogica del Mediterraneo (in Italian). Società Genealogica Italiana [Italian Genealogical Society]. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Gonzaga, Maria (1609–1660)". Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Gale Research. 2002. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 352 – via Wikisource.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 20 – via Wikisource.
- Sigmund Ritter von Riezler (1897), "Wilhelm V. (Herzog von Bayern)", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 42, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 717–723
- Cartwright, Julia Mary (1913). Christina of Denmark, Duchess of Milan and Lorraine, 1522-1590. New York: E. P. Dutton. pp. 536–539.
- Davies, Norman (1982). God's Playground:A History of Poland. Vol. I. Columbia University Press.
- Lipp, Charles T. (2011). Noble Strategies in an Early Modern Small State: The Mahuet of Lorraine. University of Rochester Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria.|
Eleanor of Austria, Queen of PolandBorn: 31 May 1653 Died: 17 Dec 1697
Title last held byMarie Louise Gonzaga
| Queen consort of Poland
Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania
Title next held byMarie Casimire Louise de La Grange d'Arquien
Title last held byMarie Louise d'Aspremont
| Duchess consort of Lorraine
Title next held byÉlisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans