Eldorado do Carajás massacre

The Eldorado do Carajás massacre (Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐˈsakɾi dʒi ɛwdoˈɾadu du kɐɾɐˈʒas]) was the mass killing of 19 landless farmers who were taking part in a peaceful protest. They were shot by military police on April 17, 1996, in the southern region of the Pará state, Brazil.

Eldorado do Carajás massacre
Drawing by political cartoonist Carlos Latuff depicting the massacre
Native name Massacre de Eldorado do Carajás
English nameEldorado do Carajás massacre
DateApril 17, 1996 (1996-04-17)
LocationHighway PA-150, Eldorado do Carajás, Pará, Brazil
CausePolice brutality
TargetPeaceful protesters of the Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (MST)
PerpetratorBrazilian military police
Non-fatal injuries69
SentenceMay 7, 2012, two commanders jailed

Description edit

On April 17, 1996, 19 members of the Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra (Landless Workers Movement, or MST) were shot dead, and 69 more injured, by Pará state military police at the "S" curve of highway PA-150 in Eldorado do Carajás municipality, in southern Pará state.[1] These people were part of a demonstration calling for the federal appropriation of a private ranch where the MST had mounted a camp called "Macaxeira" with almost 3000 families.

On the orders of the state secretary of public security, Paulo Sette Câmara, the police were ordered to clear the highway "at any cost".[2]

Designation as a massacre edit

The Portuguese word massacre (chacina) has been used repeatedly and consistently in the Brazilian press to describe the shooting deaths of these farmers. There are well over 100 Brazilian news internet sites which use the exact phrase "chacina de Eldorado de Carajás" to designate these killings.[citation needed]

Conviction edit

On May 7, 2012, sixteen years after the event, the two commanders of the Eldorado do Carajas massacre, in which 19 people were killed, were finally jailed.[citation needed]

Remembrance edit

The President of the Brazilian Chamber of Deputies, Arlindo Chinaglia, gave a speech to remember the horror of the Massacre de Eldorado de Carajás in Brasília on 17 April 2008, to mark the 12th year after the massacre.[3]

In the arts edit

Swiss theatre director and political activist Milo Rau, then artistic director of NTGent in Belgium, travelled with his team to Pará, In collaboration with the MST, they created a performance called Antigone in the Amazon, an allegorical play about the impact of the modern state and impact on traditional land rights, which causes huge displacements of people and devastation of culture. Scenes were filmed in Brazil, and the performance combines storytelling, music, film, and theatre, to illustrate its themes of political protest, state brutality, and heroism, based on Sophocles' play Antigone; a Greek tragedy transposed to a modern village in the Amazon.[4] There is filmed re-enactment of the Eldorado do Carajás massacre.[1][5] The play premiered in May 2023, before going on tour in Europe.[6][7][8] The play is performed in several languages, with English subtitles for its 2024 run at the Adelaide Festival in Adelaide, South Australia, in March 2024.[9]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b ""Much is monstrous" – Milo Rau's Antigone in the Amazon (May 13, 2023)". Lost Dramaturgin International. May 16, 2023. Retrieved March 19, 2024.
  2. ^ Amnesty.org Library
  3. ^ Foco, Congresso em (April 18, 2008). "Manchetes dos jornais de hoje – 18abr2008". Congresso em Foco (in Portuguese). Retrieved March 19, 2024.
  4. ^ "Antigone in the Amazon: Digital program" (PDF). Adelaide Festival. 2024.
  5. ^ "Acclaimed director Milo Rau brings 'Antigone' to the Amazon". France 24. April 21, 2023. Retrieved March 19, 2024.
  6. ^ Cappelle, Laura (May 15, 2023). "'Antigone in the Amazon' Review: The Drama Is Brazil's Land War". The New York Times. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  7. ^ "Antigone in the Amazon". NTGent. January 22, 2024. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  8. ^ "International Institute of Political Murder » Antigone in the Amazon". International Institute of Political Murder. April 17, 1996. Retrieved March 15, 2024.
  9. ^ "Antigone in the Amazon". Adelaide Festival. Retrieved March 15, 2024.

External links edit