El Gráfico is an online sports magazine of Argentina, originally published by Editorial Atlántida as a print publication between 1919 and 2018. El Gráfico was released in May 1919 as a weekly newspaper, and then turned to a sports magazine exclusively. It began to be scheduled monthly from 2002, and was discontinued in 2018, continuing only on internet.
Cover to El Grafico #1, 1919.
|First issue||May 30, 1919|
|Final issue||January 2018|
|Company||Revistas Deportivas S.A.|
|Based in||Buenos Aires|
El Gráfico is one of the most regarded sports magazines not only in Argentina but in Latin America. The magazine was nicknamed La Biblia del deporte ("The Bible of sports") due to its chronicles, notable journalists and collaborators and its photography.
El Gráfico was first published on May 30, 1919 by Constancio Vigil for Editorial Atlántida. Vigil, an Uruguayan citizen, had founded Atlántida magazine in 1918 with great success, but the Tragic Week in 1919 stopped the activities and he was persuaded in acquiring his own printing. With the machines and the installations ready, he founded El Gráfico, then followed by Billiken (1919, a magazine for children) and a female publication Para Ti in 1922. The headquarters of the magazines was in Buenos Aires.
In the cover of the first number of El Gráfico appeared the legend Ilustración Semanal Argentina at the bottom of the picture. Indeed, the magazine only contained photos and epigraphs which had originated its name ("The Graphic" in English) and at first the publication was not related to sports covering all sort of news and events. El Gráfico became a sports magazine in 1925.
The best selling era of the magazine was during the 1986 FIFA World Cup when Argentina crowned champion, with 690,998 sold. The second place in the ranking of all-time best seller magazine is for the 1978 FIFA World Cup with 595,924. Diego Maradona was the sports man with the most appearances on the cover: 134, followed by Daniel Passarella (58) and Norberto Alonso (54).
The magazine famously underlined creole style football as opposed to the British style of football that had been introduced to Argentina in the late 19th Century. It was baptised La Nuestra ("Our Own").
Researcher Eduardo Archetti stated about that:
|“||The "criollo" style is based on elegance and improvisation while the British expresses force and discipline. This opposite values are featured as alternative styles which reflect different masculine virtues.||”|
El Gráfico, published by Revistas Deportivas S.A., was published weekly until April 2002 when its frequency switched to monthly. The last monthly edition was in January 2018, featuring Independiente manager Ariel Holan. Since then, El Gráfico has been continued its run on internet exclusively.
|“||The 1990s destroyed culture in Argentina, or at least, a significant part of it. And that shattering also blown over the habit of reading||”|
|— Diego Fucks, former collaborator of the magazine, about the closure of El Gráfico|
Journalists and writersEdit
- Alberto E. Rossi (Chantecler) (1925–41)
- Ricardo L. Rodríguez (Borocotó) (1926–55)
- Félix D. Frascara (1930–60)
- Dante Panzeri (1945–62)
- Ernesto Lazzatti (1950s)
- Osvaldo Ardizzone (1960s–70s)
- Carlos Fontanarrosa (1962–77)
- Julio C. Pasquato (Juvenal) (1962–88)
- Ernesto Cherquis Bialo (1963–90)
- Osvaldo R. Orcasitas (O.R.O.) (1968–2014)
- Horacio Pagani (1969–75)
- Gonzalo Bonadeo (1982–)
- Daniel Arcucci
- Diego Fucks (1984)
- Alejandro Fabbri (1984–94)
- Mariano Hamilton
- Adrián Maladesky
- Aldo Proietto
- Carlos Irusta
- Alberto Palazzo (Garabito) (1919–47)
- Usaburo Kikuchi (1928–57)
- Ricardo Alfieri (1936–80s)
- "El Gráfico". Europa World Plus. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "El cierre de una revista emblemática: El Gráfico ya no saldrá en papel". Clarín. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
- Sólo una vez en la vida by Ernesto Cherquis on Infobae
- Preguntas frecuentes, official site
- "El Gráfico". Publicitas. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
- Recorrida por los 90 años de El Gráfico
- Eduardo P. Archetti, Estilo y virtudes masculinas en El Gráfico: la creación del imaginario del fútbol argentino, Desarrollo Económico - Revista de Ciencias Sociales, vol. 35, Nº 139 (Oct-Dec 1995), pp. 419-442, Buenos Aires
- Un ícono del deporte argentino anunció su cierre, La Nación
- Chavo Fucks y el cierro de "El Gráfico"
- Entre la historia y la evolución
- "Y fue un periodista" by Néstor Saavedra
- Ernesto Lazzatti, el pibe de oro
- Interview to Ernesto C. Bialo, 19 Jan 2018
- Gracias, maestro Ricardo Orcasitas by Elías Perugino, 27 Apr 2015