El Descamisado (anarchist newspaper)

El Descamisado (The Shirtless) was the first anarchist newspaper in Argentina, founded in 1879 and closed in 1887, in Buenos Aires, and played a leading role in the anarchist scene of the time.[1][2]

El Descamisado
FoundedJanuary 6, 1879
Political alignmentAnarchism
LanguageSpanish
CityBuenos Aires
CountryArgentina

HistoryEdit

Its director was Pedro Sanarau.[3] The first issue came out on January 6, 1879 with the subtitle "Red Newspaper". It used red ink in its types, and in the second issue, on January 13, the reason was explained: "blood-colored ink, with which we wanted to signify that the people have conquered with theirs the right to equality that is denied them".[4]

This newspaper was initially published by the group “Los Desheredados” and later by a group called “La Expropriación”. This newspaper was essential to generate links and initial discussions within Argentine anarchism. Various authors and libertarian militants who passed through Buenos Aires during those years participated in it, such as Rafael Roca, Baldomero Salbans, Manuel and José Reguera, Pierre Quiroule, Jean Raoux, Francisco Denambride, Santiago Locascio and Orsini Menoti Bertani.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Suriano, Juan (2008). Anarquistas: cultura y política libertaria en Buenos Aires, 1890-1910. Buenos Aires: Manantial. p. 186. ISBN 978-987-500-069-8.
  2. ^ a b Domínguez Rubio, Lucas Manuel (2018). El anarquismo argentino: Bibliografía, hemerografía y guías de fondo de archivo. Anarres. ISBN 978-987-1523-30-6.
  3. ^ Rovira, Gonzalo Zaragoza (1996). Anarquismo argentino, 1876-1902 (in Spanish). Ediciones de la Torre. p. 81. ISBN 978-84-7960-157-7.
  4. ^ Moroziuk, Lidia (2007). "Inmigración e ideología anarquista. Protesta agitativa contrainstitucional y gráfica contestataria (1879 – 1940)" (PDF). VII Jornadas de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires.