The Edeka Group is the largest German supermarket corporation as of 2017, holding a market share of 25.3%.[2] Founded in 1907, it currently consists of several co-operatives of independent supermarkets, all operating under the umbrella organisation Edeka Zentrale AG & Co KG, with headquarters in Hamburg. There are approximately 4,100 stores with the Edeka nameplate, ranging from small corner stores to hypermarkets. On 16 November 2007, Edeka reached an agreement with Tengelmann to purchase a 70% majority stake in Tengelmann's Plus discounter store division, which was then merged into Edeka's Netto brand, resulting in around 4,200 stores by 2018.[3] Across all brands, the company operated a total of 13,646 stores at the end of 2017.[4]6

Edeka Gruppe
Edeka Zentrale AG & Co. KG
Edeka Group
Company typePrivate
Founded1907; 117 years ago (1907) in Leipzig, Germany
Area served
Key people
Markus Mosa (CEO)
Gert Schambach
Reinhard Schütte
ServicesCash & carry supermarket/warehouse club, convenience/forecourt store, discount store, electronics specialty, home improvement, hypermarket/supercenter/superstore, other specialty, supermarket
RevenueIncrease US$67.1 billion (2019)[1]
Increase US$380.8 million (2019)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$8.844 billion (2019)[1]
Total equityIncrease US$2.252 billion (2019)[1]
Number of employees
381,000 (2019)



The cooperative was founded in 1907 as the E.d.K. (Einkaufsgenossenschaft der Kolonialwarenhändler im Halleschen Torbezirk zu Berlin, Purchasing Cooperative of Colonial Goods Retailers in the Hallesches Tor district of Berlin).[5] In 1911, it was renamed as Edeka, a phonetic expansion of the previous abbreviation. The Edekabank was founded in 1914[6] and, from 1923, central billing was introduced. Although the name contains "Berlin", the group was officially founded in Leipzig.

After the Second World War and the collapse of the Third Reich, the reconstruction of the store network was led from the new Hamburg central offices. In 1972, the cooperatives changed structure and formed twelve regional companies, the umbrella corporation and the Edekabank converting from a cooperative to a public limited company.[citation needed]

In 2001, the Edeka-owned brand Gut & Günstig was founded. From 2003 to 2012 there was a cooperation with Globus SB-Warenhaus Holding.[7]

Christmas 2015, the company attracted worldwide attention with the highly sentimental TV commercial #heimkommen, about a lonely grandfather desperate to reunite with his family for Christmas. Intended only for the German public, it reached over 43 million views worldwide on YouTube by 18 December 2015, with nearly 62 million views by June 2019.[8][9]

A cooperation with Telekom Germany and the branding brand Edeka smart started on 15 February 2018. It replaced the existing cooperation with Vodafone and EDEKA mobil.[10][11]

Brand names


Operational names of these stores include:

  • Bringmeister – online grocer
  • nah und gut ("close and good") – stores up to 400 m2 (4300 sq ft), mostly found in smaller municipalities
  • EDEKA aktiv markt ("active mart") – mostly privately run supermarkets between 400 m2 and 800 m2 (4300 and 8600 sq ft), mostly located in outlying neighborhoods and villages
  • EDEKA neukauf – privately or centrally managed stores between 800 m2 and 2000 m2 (8600 and 21,500 sq ft)
  • EDEKA – rebranded stores of aktiv markt and neukauf in most regions (e.g. all aktiv markt and neukauf stores of EDEKA Minden-Hannover and EDEKA Nord), regardless of whether privately or centrally managed stores
  • EDEKA center (E-Center) – hypermarkets between 2000 m2 and 5000 m2 (21,500 and 54,000 sq ft)
  • EDEKA C&C Großmarkt (Mios) (cash & carry)
  • EDEKA Großverbraucherservice (for commercial customers)

Stores not operating under the Edeka brand, but belonging to the group nonetheless:

  • SPAR (only in Germany)
  • Netto Marken-Discountdiscount stores
  • Marktkaufhypermarkets, mainly in the west of Germany
  • diska – discount store brand of EDEKA Nordbayern-Sachsen-Thüringen
  • NP. – discount store brand of EDEKA Minden-Hannover

Former brands were:

  • aktiv discount – rebranded E-Center or EDEKA stores, mainly in northern Germany
  • Reichelt (later EDEKA Reichelt), mainly in Berlin, some stores in Brandenburg
  • Treff 3000 – rebrandes as Netto Marken-Discount or EDEKA, discount store brand of EDEKA Südwest

It also had holdings in Denmark, which were sold in 2009.

Edeka also operates a number of companies providing related services, for example the Edekabank.



A 2019 Mother's Day online commercial[12] showing a series of clips of fathers interacting with their children incompetently, followed by shots of caring mothers with their children, and the punchline "Mum, thank you for not being dad", was criticized widely for its stereotypical portrayal of the roles of mothers and fathers.[13]

Stevie Schmiedel, a gender researcher and founder of the German branch of the feminist lobby organization Pinkstinks, which campaigns against sexism in advertising, commented: "Maybe the advertisers really thought they were doing something good for women on Mother's Day. But everything went wrong. The commercial is pseudo-progressive. It divides and intensifies the fight between the sexes. A poisoned Mother's Day present."[13]

Edeka was officially reprimanded by the Deutscher Werberat, the German advertising standards regulator, for breaching advertising standards by "reinforcing 1950s gender stereotypes", and while "ironic exaggeration is permissible, gender stereotyping is not". The authority also cited the large number of complaints and the debate about the commercial on social media, saying this showed that viewers either did not understand that it was meant to be ironic, or that they felt the ironic use of stereotypes was not acceptable to them.[14]


  1. ^ a b c d "Geschäftsbericht EDEKA-Verbund 2022". Retrieved 5 April 2024.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Tengelmann entscheidet sich für EDEKA" Archived 3 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine (German)
  4. ^ "Ranking: Top 30 Lebensmittelhandel Deutschland 2018". Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Willkommen". (in German). Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  6. ^ Carstens, Udo (27 June 2014). "111 Jahre EDEKA Nord: Vom Kolonialwarenhändler zum Erlebnismarkt |". shz. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  7. ^ "Markant Handels- und Industriewaren-Vermittlungs AG". Markant (in German). Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  8. ^ "EDEKA Weihnachtsclip – #heimkommen – YouTube" [EDEKA Christmas video – "Coming home"]. EDEKA. 28 November 2015. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Grandfather goes to extremes to bring family home for Christmas in German ad". ABC7 Los Angeles. 2 December 2015. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Mobilfunkanbieter – ab sofort günstig telefonieren mit EDEKA smart!". (in German). Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  11. ^ Weidner, Markus (5 February 2018). "EDEKA smart: Starttermin für neue Prepaid-Marke im Telekom-Netz". (in German). Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  12. ^ ""Wir sagen Danke."" [We say thank you.]. EDEKA. 5 May 2019. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  13. ^ a b Walsh, Alistair (9 May 2019). "Mother's Day fail: German supermarket Edeka slammed for sexist ad". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
  14. ^ "EDEKA verletzt Branchenstandards | Werberat rügt Muttertagsspot" [EDEKA violates advertising standards | Werberat advertising standards authority castigates Mother's Day online commercial.]. Deutscher Werberat (in German). 24 May 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.