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United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

  (Redirected from Economic Commission for Europe)

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE) was established in 1947[2][3] to encourage economic cooperation among its member States. It is one of five regional commissions under the administrative direction of United Nations headquarters. It has 56 member States, and reports to the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Besides countries in Europe, it also includes Canada, the Central Asian republics, Israel and the United States of America. The UNECE secretariat headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland, and has an approximate budget of US$50 million.[4]

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Emblem of the United Nations.svg
UNECE.png
Map showing United Nations Economic Commission for Europe members`
Abbreviation ECE
Formation 1947
Type Primary Organ - Regional Branch
Legal status Active
Head

Executive Secretary of ECE

Slovakia Olga Algayerova
(2017 June - present)[1]
Parent organization
ECOSOC
Website ECE Website

Contents

Member statesEdit

The 56 member countries are listed below. 18 of the UNECE's member countries are recipients of official development assistance.[5]

Member countries
Countries Date of membership
  Albania 14 December 1955
  Andorra 28 July 1993
  Armenia 30 July 1993
  Austria 14 December 1955
  Azerbaijan 30 July 1993
  Belarus 28 March 1947
  Belgium 28 March 1947
  Bosnia and Herzegovina 22 May 1992
  Bulgaria 14 December 1955
  Canada 9 August 1973
  Croatia 22 May 1992
  Cyprus 20 September 1960
  Czech Republic 28 March 1947
  Denmark 28 March 1947
  Estonia 17 September 1991
  Finland 14 December 1955
  Macedonia 8 April 1993
  France 28 March 1947
  Georgia 30 July 1993
  Germany 18 September 1973
  Greece 28 March 1947
  Hungary 14 December 1955
  Iceland 28 March 1947
  Ireland 14 December 1955
  Israel 26 July 1991
  Italy 14 December 1955
  Kazakhstan 31 January 1994
  Kyrgyzstan 30 July 1993
  Latvia 17 September 1991
  Liechtenstein 18 September 1990
  Lithuania 17 September 1991
  Luxembourg 28 March 1947
  Malta 1 December 1964
  Moldova 2 March 1992
  Monaco 27 May 1993
  Montenegro 28 June 2006
  Netherlands 28 March 1947
  Norway 28 March 1947
  Poland 28 March 1947
  Portugal 14 December 1955
  Romania 14 December 1955
  Russia 28 March 1947
  San Marino 30 July 1993
  Serbia 1 November 2000
  Slovakia 28 March 1947
  Slovenia 22 May 1992
  Spain 14 December 1955
  Sweden 28 March 1947
   Switzerland 24 March 1972
  Tajikistan 12 December 1994
  Turkey 28 March 1947
  Turkmenistan 30 July 1993
  Ukraine 28 March 1947
  United Kingdom 28 March 1947
  United States 28 March 1947
  Uzbekistan 30 July 1993

Committee on Economic Cooperation and IntegrationEdit

This Committee promotes a policy, financial and regulatory environment conducive to economic growth, innovative development and higher competitiveness in the UNECE region, focusing mainly on countries with economies in transition. Its main areas of work are innovation and competitiveness policies, intellectual property, financing innovative development, entrepreneurship and enterprise development, and public-private partnerships.

Committee on Environmental PolicyEdit

UNECE’s concern with problems of the environment dates back at least to 1971, when the group of Senior Advisors to the UNECE governments on environmental issues was created which led to the establishment of the Committee on Environmental Policy, which now meets annually. The Committee provides collective policy direction in the area of environment and sustainable development, prepares ministerial meetings, develops international environmental law and supports international initiatives in the region. CEP works to support countries to enhance their environmental governance and transboundary cooperation as well as strengthen implementation of the UNECE regional environmental commitments and advance sustainable development in the region.

Its main aim is to assess countries' efforts to reduce their overall pollution burden and manage their natural resources, to integrate environmental and socioeconomic policies, to strengthen cooperation with the international community, to harmonize environmental conditions and policies throughout the region and to stimulate greater involvement of the public and environmental discussions and decision-making.

CEP is the overall governing body of UNECE environmental activities. The Committee's work is based on several strategic pillars:[6]

Committee on Housing and Land ManagementEdit

In 1947, UNECE set up a Panel on Housing Problems, which later evolved into the Committee on Human Settlements and after the reform in 2005/2006 into the Committee on Housing and Land Management. The Committee is an intergovernmental body of all UNECE member States. It provides a forum for the compilation, dissemination and exchange of information and experience on housing, urban development, and land administration policies; & in areas such as Birmingham, a more fiscal issue-UK.[8]

Inland Transport CommitteeEdit

The UNECE Transport Division has been providing secretariat services to the World Forum for Harmonization of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29). In addition to acting as secretariat to the World Forum, the Vehicle Regulations and Transport Innovations section serves as the secretariat of the Administrative Committee for the coordination of work, and of the Administrative/Executives Committees of the three Agreements on vehicles administered by the World Forum.[9]

Conference of European StatisticiansEdit

The UNECE Statistical Division provides the secretariat for the Conference and its expert groups, and implements the statistical work programme of the UNECE. The Conference brings together chief statisticians from national and international statistical organizations around the world, meaning that the word "European" in its name is no longer an accurate description of its geographical coverage. The Statistical Division helps member countries to strengthen their statistical systems, and coordinates international statistical activities in the UNECE region and beyond through the Conference and its Bureau, and the Database of International Statistical Activities. The Statistical Division develops guidelines and training materials on statistical methodology and practices, in response to demands from member countries. It works with different groups of specialists from national and international statistical organizations, and organizes meetings and on-line forums for statistical experts to exchange experiences on a wide range of topics. The UNECE Statistical Division also provides technical assistance to South-East European, East European, Caucasus and Central Asian countries.

The division also provides:

1) Free on-line data on the 56 UNECE member countries in Europe, Central Asia and North America in both English and Russian, on economic, gender, forestry and transport statistics.

2) A biennial overview of key statistics for member countries: UNECE Countries in Figures.

3) A set of wikis to support collaboration activities and disseminate information about good practices.

UNECE conducted the Fertility and Family Survey in the 1990s in 23 member States, with over 150,000 participants, with hundreds of resulting scientific publications.[10] This activity has hence continued in the form of the Generations and Gender Programme.[11]

Executive SecretariesEdit

Years Country Executive Secretary
1947–1957   Sweden Gunnar Myrdal
1957–1960   Finland Sakari Tuomioja
1960–1967   Yugoslavia Vladimir Velebit
1968–1982 Janez Stanovnik
1983–1986   Finland Klaus Sahlgren
1987–1993   Austria Gerald Hinteregger
1993–2000   France Yves Berthelot
2000–2001   Poland Danuta Hübner
2002–2005   Slovakia Brigita Schmögnerová[12]
2005–2008   Poland Marek Belka[13]
2008–2012   Slovakia Ján Kubiš[14]
2012–2014   Bosnia and Herzegovina Sven Alkalaj[15]
2014   Denmark Michael Møller (acting)[16]
2014–2017 Christian Friis Bach[17]
2017–present   Slovakia Oľga Algayerová[18]

Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for EuropeEdit

Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe  
Stat. J. U. N. Econ. Comm. Eur.
Language English
Publication details
Publisher
Publication history
1982-2007
Indexing
ISSN 0167-8000
LCCN 84642632
CODEN SJUED4
OCLC no. 900948641
Links

From 1982 to 2007 the IOS Press published the Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on behalf of the UNECE.[19][20]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Executive Secretary". UNECE. 
  2. ^ "Inception". UNECE. 
  3. ^ United Nations General Assembly Session -1 Resolution 46. Economic Reconstruction of Devastated Areas A/RES/46(I) page 2. 11 December 1946. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
  4. ^ http://www.theyworkforyou.com/whall/?id=2006-04-18a.1.1
  5. ^ UNECE, The UNECE Report on Achieving the Millennium Development Goals, 2011
  6. ^ http://www.unece.org/env/
  7. ^ - EPR Programme
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 8, 2009. Retrieved September 28, 2009. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 26, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Fertility and Family Survey (FFS)". unece.org. Retrieved 2016-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Fertility and Family Survey (standard country tables), FFS". edac.eu, the European Data Center for Work and Welfare. Retrieved 2016-02-05. 
  12. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Brigita Schmögnerová as New Executive Secretary of Economic Commission for Europe". UNECE. 
  13. ^ "Secretary-General appoints Marek Belka of poland as Executive Secretary of Economic Commission for Europe". UNECE. 
  14. ^ "Secretary-General appoints Ján KUBIŠ of Slovakia to head United Nations Economic Commission for Europe". UNECE. 
  15. ^ "EXCOM welcomes Executive Secretary". UNECE. 
  16. ^ "Acting Director-General of UNOG Michael Møller takes on functions of Acting Executive Secretary of UNECE". UNECE. 
  17. ^ "The Secretary-General appoints Christian Friis Bach of Denmark as the next Executive Secretary of UNECE". UNECE. 
  18. ^ "Algayerova Appointed to Head UN Economic Commission for Europe". TASR. 
  19. ^ "Statistical Journal of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe". EconBiz. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "Publications: STATISTICAL JOURNAL of the UNECE". UNECE. Retrieved 11 June 2015. 

External linksEdit