Echinocereus rigidissimus

Echinocereus rigidissimus, commonly known as the Arizona rainbow cactus or rainbow hedgehog cactus is a solitary growing cactus that rarely branches or offsets with age. Echinocereus rigidissimus grows to a height of up to 30 cm, and a width of 11 cm when mature, with pectinate radial spines curved slightly towards the stem. The new spines are initially reddish to magenta and fades to a yellow or light pink colour when they mature. Echinocereus rigidissimus flowers in flushes throughout the spring season, with multiple buds borne atop the plant from younger areoles. The flowers are bright pink in colour with a white coloured throat. If pollination is successful, Echinocereus rigidissimus forms circular shaped, greenish to dark purplish fruit, with white flesh and dark brown to black seeds approximately 3 months after flowering. Since it rarely offsets, Echinocereus rigidissimus is propagated by seed.[2]

Echinocereus rigidissimus
Echinocereus rigidissimus subsp. rubispinus in flower
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Genus: Echinocereus
E. rigidissimus
Binomial name
Echinocereus rigidissimus
(Engelm.) F.Haage
  • Echinocereus rigidissimus ssp. rigidissimus
  • Echinocereus rigidissimus ssp. rubispinus

Habitat edit

The natural habitat of Echinocereus rigidissimus is distributed abundantly throughout Chihuahua and Sonora in Mexico, as well as in the United States in Arizona and New Mexico. It grows at elevation from 1200 to 2000 metres above sea level.[3] This cactus prefers south facing slopes and is rarely seen on flat ground. It prefers the 1500 meter elevation. Plants are resistant to small grass fires, but cannot tolerate hotter fires. With perfect habitat, these plants have been seen growing up to 45 centimeters in height. A 2018 measurement of one plant in the Santa Catalina mountains showed a height of 48 centimeters, a record. Flowering occurs from late April to early June depending on the elevation and spring heat. These plants will not flower when stressed, but lack of flowering is rare. Their habitat has been negatively affected by cattle, cactus collectors and off road vehicles. These plants are becoming less common in southern Arizona.[4]

Cultivation edit

Echinocereus rigidissimus requires porous soil as it is sensitive to overwatering. It prefers a soil with plenty of stones with little organic material to ensure that it dries as quickly as possible. Echinocereus rigidissimus requires full sun to part shade during its active growing season from spring though to early autumn, as well as adequate air circulation to reduce the chance of rotting. In winter abstain from watering Echinocereus rigidissimus and keep the soil mixture dry, as it helps encourage flowering in the spring season. Echinocereus rigidissimus is hardy to temperatures of −12 °C.[2]

References edit

  1. ^ Terry, M.; Heil, K. (2017). "Echinocereus rigidissimus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T152066A121457365. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T152066A121457365.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Echinocereus rigidissimus". cactus-art. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  3. ^ Terry, M.; Heil, K. (2017) [amended version of 2013 assessment]. "Echinocereus rigidissimus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T152066A121457365. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T152066A121457365.en. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  4. ^ (S.A. Rasmussen 2018)