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Eberhard of Béthune (also known as Everard of Béthune, Évrard de Béthune, Éverard de Béthune, Ebrardus Bethuniensis or Bithuniensis, Eberhardus Bethuniensis, Eberard, Ebrard, Ebrad; d. c. 1212)[1] was a Flemish[2] grammarian of the early thirteenth century, from Arras. He was the author of Graecismus, a popular Latin grammatical poem, dated to c. 1212.[3] The name came from a short section on the Greek language.[4] His Laborintus is "an elaborate and critical treatise on poetry and pedagogics";[5] it is also known as De Miseriis Rectorum Scholarum.

He was also actively engaged against the Waldensians,[6] and wrote a book Liber Antihaeresis (c 1210) against them. He is cited in Foxe's Book of Martyrs as to the etymology of the name.[7]


  • Anne Grondeux (2001), Le Graecismus d'Évrard de Béthune à travers ses gloses
  • Anne Grondeux (2010), Glosa super Graecismum Eberhardi Bethuniensis Capitula I–III: de figuris coloribusque rhetoricis
  1. ^ Peter Christian Jacobsen (2002). "Liste lateinischer Autoren und anonymer Werke des 13. Jahrhunderts (ca. 1170–1320)". MGH Poetae (in German). Erlangen.
  2. ^ Erwin L. Lueker; Luther Poellot; Paul Jackson, eds. (2000). "Eberhard(t) of Béthune". Christian Cyclopedia. Concordia Publishing House.
  3. ^ "poetry". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. The Graecismus was edited by Johannes Wrobel, Eberhard von Bethune: Graecismus (Breslau 1887, reprint: Hildesheim/Zürich/New York 1987).
  4. ^ P. S. Allen (2005-05-10). "The Age of Erasmus". Project Gutenberg. Its name, Graecismus, was based upon a chapter, the eighth, devoted to the elementary study of Greek.
  5. ^ W. H. Matthews (1970-06-01). "XXII. The Labyrinth in Literature". Mazes and Labyrinths. Dover Publications. ISBN 0-486-22614-X.
  6. ^ John Derkesen (November 2004). "Peacemaking Principles drawn from Opposition to the Crusades (1095–1276)" (PDF). Peace Research. 36 (2): 7.
  7. ^ John Foxe (1563). "POPE ALEXANDER III AND THE WALDENSES". Foxe's Book of Martyrs.

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