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Eastern Harbour Crossing

The Eastern Harbour Crossing, abbreviated as "EHC" (東隧), is a tunnel in Hong Kong. It is a combined road and MTR rail link under Victoria Harbour between Quarry Bay in Hong Kong Island and Cha Kwo Ling in Kowloon East.

Route 2

Eastern Harbour Crossing
Part of Route 2
Route information
Maintained by Highways Department
Length3.3 km (2.1 mi)
Existed1989[1]–present
Major junctions
West endQuarry Bay
 2 in total;
HK Route4.svg Route 4 at Quarry Bay
East endLam Tin (near Cha Kwo Ling)
Location
Major citiesKwun Tong, Quarry Bay
Highway system
Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System
Eastern Harbour Crossing
Eastern Harbour Tunnel.jpg
Entrance to Eastern Harbour Crossing at Cha Kwo Ling
Traditional Chinese東區海底隧道
Simplified Chinese东区海底隧道

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Hong Kong Government negotiated with several consortia to adopt the Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) model in planning new tunnels in different parts of the city.

In 1986, the government gave New Hong Kong Tunnel the right to run the Tunnel on a 30-year franchisee with lease expiring in August 2016.[citation needed] The tunnel features two components, a road part and a rail part:

  • The road part of the tunnel is branded as Eastern Harbour Tunnel, although the government refers to the tunnel itself as Eastern Harbour Crossing. The tunnel is governed by the Eastern Harbour Crossing Ordinance. The road part links the Island Eastern Corridor in Hong Kong Island, Lei Yue Mun Road, Tseung Kwan O Tunnel and the Kwun Tong Bypass in Kowloon East.
  • The rail part runs between Quarry Bay and Yau Tong stations of the MTR Tseung Kwan O Line.

The powerful Chinese investment group CITIC Pacific is interested in both parts, controlling the road part (71% stake) and has a 50% stake in the rail part. CITIC also controls 50% of the Western Harbour Tunnel Company.

The Tunnel is located right next to a public housing residential complex – Yau Lai Estate.

Tunnel tollsEdit

Tolls are collected manually or electronically in both directions at the toll plaza on the Kwun Tong side.

Category Vehicle Toll ($)[Note 1][2]
1 Motorcycle 13
2 Private car 25
Taxi
3 Public light bus 38
Private light bus
4 Light goods vehicle (less than 5.5 tonnes)
5 Medium goods vehicle (5.5 to 24 tonnes) 50
6 Heavy goods vehicle (more than 24 tonnes) 75
7 Single-decker bus 50
8 Double-decker bus 75
Additional axle 25

NotesEdit

  1. ^ As of 4 November 2012

InterchangesEdit

Eastern Harbour Crossing  
Westbound exits Exit number Eastbound exits
End of Route 2
intersects with Island Eastern Corridor  
End Eastern Harbour Crossing   Start Eastern Harbour Crossing  
Tai Koo Shing,Sai Wan Ho,Shau Kei Wan, Chai Wan,Siu Sai Wan, Stanley, Shek O
Island Eastern Corridor  
1A no exit
Quarry Bay,North Point, Causeway Bay, Happy Valley, Aberdeen
Island Eastern Corridor  
1B no exit
Eastern Harbour Crossing
Start Eastern Harbour Crossing   End Eastern Harbour Crossing  
continues as Lei Yue Mun Road  

TrafficEdit

According to the operator, in 2013, a total number of 26.3 million vehicles used the Eastern Harbour Crossing. The average daily throughput was 72.1 thousands.

There are many cross-harbour bus routes that travel through the Eastern Harbour Crossing, operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, New World First Bus and Citybus.

Detailed bus routesEdit

ControversiesEdit

In June 2005, CITIC decided to raise the toll for using Eastern Harbour Crossing from HK$15 to HK$25 for private vehicles and up to 67% for other classes of vehicles, under the fare adjustment mechanism derived from the build-operate-transfer (BOT) model.[3] This increase aroused criticisms that the model was detrimental to the public interest, with the increase shifting more traffic to the already congested Cross-Harbour Tunnel.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Transport in Hong Kong – Tunnels and Bridges". Transport Department of the Government of Hong Kong. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Transport Department Tunnels and Bridges". Transport Department of the Government of Hong Kong. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
  3. ^ Ng, Dennis (4 May 2005). "Toll hike ignites call for government to take control". The Standard. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 27 October 2006.

External linksEdit