East Dunbartonshire (UK Parliament constituency)
East Dunbartonshire is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster). It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The current MP for East Dunbartonshire is Jo Swinson.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of East Dunbartonshire in Scotland.
|Local government in EastDunbartonshire||East Dunbartonshire|
|Member of parliament||Jo Swinson (Liberal Democrat)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Strathkelvin & Bearsden|
Clydebank & Milngavie
Coatbridge & Chryston
|Number of members||One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Strathkelvin & Bearsden and Cumbernauld and Kilsyth|
|European Parliament constituency||Scotland|
The current constituency was first used at the 2005 general election. There was also an earlier East Dunbartonshire constituency, from 1950–83.
grouped by the Fifth Periodical Review
|East Dunbartonshire and North Lanarkshire|
The existing constituency was created as a result of the Fifth Periodical Review of the Boundary Commission for Scotland, as one of two covering the East Dunbartonshire council area and one of five covering the East Dunbartonshire council area and the North Lanarkshire council area.
The East Dunbartonshire constituency is entirely within the East Dunbartonshire council area, and the rest of the council area is covered by the Cumbernauld, Kilsyth and Kirkintilloch East constituency, which also covers part of the North Lanarkshire council area. The rest of the North Lanarkshire area is covered by the Airdrie and Shotts, Coatbridge, Chryston and Bellshill, and Motherwell and Wishaw constituencies.
The East Dunbartonshire constituency replaced most of the Strathkelvin and Bearsden constituency and some of the Clydebank and Milngavie constituency and some of the Coatbridge and Chryston constituency.
The Fifth Periodical Review did not affect the boundaries of Scottish Parliament constituencies, which retain the boundaries of Westminster constituencies prior to implementation of the results of the review.
The historic constituency was created under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, and first used in the 1950 general election.
As created in 1950, the constituency was one of two covering the county of Dunbarton. The other was West Dunbartonshire. The two new constituencies replaced the earlier constituencies of Dunbartonshire and Dumbarton Burghs.
The results of the First Periodical Review of the Boundary Commission were implemented for the 1955 general election, but there was no change to the boundaries of East Dunbartonshire, and the boundaries of 1951 and 1955 were used also in the general elections of 1959, 1964, 1966 and 1970.
The results of the Second Periodical Review were implemented for the February 1974 general election. The review took account of population growth in the county of Dunbarton, caused by overspill from the city of Glasgow into the new town of Cumbernauld and elsewhere, and East Dunbartonshire became one of three constituencies covering the county. East Dunbartonshire now covered the Kirkintilloch and Cumbernauld districts of the county and the burghs of Bearsden, Cumbernauld, and Kirkintilloch, but it lost Clydebank and Milngavie to the new constituency of Central Dunbartonshire. These boundaries were used also for the general elections of October 1974 and 1979.
In 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, Scottish counties were abolished in favour of regions and districts and islands council areas, and the county of Dunbarton was divided between several districts of the new region of Strathclyde. The Third Periodical Review took account of new local government boundaries, and the results were implemented for the 1983 general election.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Feb 1974||Barry Henderson||Conservative|
|Oct 1974||Margaret Bain||SNP|
MPs since 2005Edit
|2005||Jo Swinson||Liberal Democrat|
|2017||Jo Swinson||Liberal Democrat|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Jo Swinson||21,023||40.6||+4.3|
|Liberal Democrats gain from SNP||Swing||+7.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Jo Swinson||19,926||36.3||-2.4|
|Scottish Green||Ross Greer||804||1.5||N/A|
|SNP gain from Liberal Democrat||Swing||+16.0|
1 This was the highest turnout in the May 2015 General Election.
|Liberal Democrats||Jo Swinson||18,551||38.7||−3.1|
|Liberal Democrats hold||Swing||−2.1|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Jo Swinson||19,533||41.8||+14.7|
|Scottish Green||Stuart Callison||876||1.9||+1.9|
|Scottish Socialist||Pamela Page||419||0.9||−1.5|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Labour||Swing||+7.4|
The constituency of 1950 to 1983 has an unusual electoral history, in that in two consecutive general elections it was gained by the party in third place at the previous election. In October 1974 the SNP leapfrogged Labour to defeat the Conservatives, and in 1979 Labour leapfrogged the Conservatives to beat the SNP. Furthermore, the constituency went the opposite way to the nation in two consecutive changes of government. In February 1974, the Conservatives gained it from Labour, though losing nationally, while in 1979 Labour regained the seat from the SNP, though losing nationally. Apart from Ynys Môn in Wales, East Dunbartonshire is the only seat to have been represented by the three main parties and the nationalists.
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour gain from SNP||Swing|
The October 1974 result was particularly unusual since it produced both the smallest majority in the country at that election, and the closest three-way result since 1945.
|SNP gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal||James G Brown||3,460||4.8|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Kenneth B Miller||23,001||36.36|
|Unionist||T Warren Strachan||25,137||42.42|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Communist||Arnold E Henderson||2,200||4.02|
|Unionist||Norman Macleod Glen||23,086||46.40|
|Communist||Arnold E Henderson||2,448||4.92|
|Communist||Arnold E Henderson||2,158||4.14|
|Liberal||Charles E Forrester||1,952||4.0||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "'Dunbartonshire East', Feb 1974 – May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
- Boundary Commission for Scotland website Archived September 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig, 1972
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)
- "SNP to meet over election candidate selection". 22 April 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Turnout - General Elections Online". geo.digiminster.com.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1980
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1977
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1963