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Earl Cedric Ravenal (born 1931) is an American foreign policy analyst, academic, and writer. He is a former distinguished senior fellow in foreign policy studies at the Cato Institute and professor emeritus of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service.

Ravenal served as a division director in the Office of United States Secretary of Defense from 1967 to 1969, under Secretaries of Defense Robert McNamara and Clark Clifford.[1][2]

He was a candidate for the Libertarian Party's presidential nomination in the 1984 election,[3] and he finished second to the party's eventual nominee, David Bergland.[4][5]

Published worksEdit

  • Never again: Learning from America's foreign policy failures. Temple University Press. 1977. ISBN 978-0-87722-187-6.
  • NATO: The Tides of Discontent. University of California. 1985. ISBN 978-0-87725-523-9.
  • Designing Defense for a New World Order: The Military Budget in 1992 and Beyond. Cato Institute. 1991. ISBN 978-0-932790-86-6.
  • Foreign Policy in Uncontrollable World. Cato Institute. 1992. ISBN 978-0-932790-41-5.
  • Peace with China?: U. S. Decisions for Asia. Liveright Publishing Corporation. 1996. ISBN 978-0-87140-257-8.


  1. ^ "So Mr. Carter, Want To Change America? Here's How?: (The Military)", Mother Jones. April 1977, p. 32 Retrieved 2010-11-23.
  2. ^ Ravenal, Earl C. (1983-04)"No first use: a view from the United States" Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.April 1983, p. 12. Retrieved 2010-11-23.
  3. ^ Doherty, Brian "Libertarian Zionism, The Koch Bubble, And America's Third Largest Political Party". Radicals for Capitalism: A Freewheeling History of the Modern American Libertarian Movement. PublicAffairs. 2007. pp. 420–421. ISBN 978-1-58648-572-6.
  4. ^ (1983-09-05) "Libertarians select presidential ticket", Anchorage Daily News, Retrieved 2010-11-23.
  5. ^ Raimondo, Justin Reclaiming the American Right: The Lost Legacy of the Conservative Movement (2nd Edition). PublicAffairs. p. 258. ISBN 978-1-933859-60-6.

External linksEdit