E. L. James
Erika Mitchell (born 7 March 1963), known by her pen name E. L. James, is an English author. She wrote the bestselling erotic romance trilogy Fifty Shades of Grey, Fifty Shades Darker, and Fifty Shades Freed, along with the companion novels Grey: Fifty Shades of Grey as Told by Christian and Darker: Fifty Shades Darker as Told by Christian; and under the name Snowqueen's Icedragon the Twilight fan fiction "Master of the Universe" that was the basis for the Fifty Shades trilogy.
|E. L. James|
James in May 2012
7 March 1963
Willesden, Middlesex, England
|Pen name||E. L. James
|Occupation||Novelist, film producer|
|Education||Wycombe High School|
|Alma mater||University of Kent|
|Genre||Romance, erotica, fan fiction|
|Spouse||Niall Leonard (m. 1987)|
The combined novels have sold over 125 million copies worldwide, over 35 million copies in the United States and set the record in the United Kingdom as the fastest selling paperback of all time. In 2012, Time magazine named her one of "The World's 100 Most Influential People." The novels were subsequently adapted into the films Fifty Shades of Grey, Fifty Shades Darker, and Fifty Shades Freed.
James was educated at the independent Pipers Corner School and at Wycombe High School, a state grammar school for girls in the town of High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, followed by the University of Kent in South East England where she studied History.
After leaving university, James became a studio manager’s assistant at the National Film and Television School in Beaconsfield. She married Niall Leonard, a screenwriter, in 1987, and they have two teenage sons. As of 2012 they reside in Brentford, west London.
Fifty Shades trilogyEdit
James says the idea for the Fifty Shades trilogy began as a response to the vampire novel series Twilight. In late 2008 James saw the movie Twilight, and then became intensely absorbed with the novels that the movie was based on. She read the novels several times over in a period of a few days, and then, for the first time in her life, sat down to write a book: basically a sequel to the Twilight novels. Between January and August 2009 she wrote two such books in quick succession. She says she then discovered the phenomenon of fan fiction, and this inspired her to publish her novels as Kindle books under the pen name "Snowqueens Icedragon". Beginning in August 2009 she then began to write the Fifty Shades books.
James has spoken of her shock at the success of the books. "The explosion of interest has taken me completely by surprise" she said. James has described the Fifty Shades trilogy as "my midlife crisis, writ large. All my fantasies in there, and that's it." She did not start to write until January 2009, as she revealed while still active on FanFiction.Net: "I started writing in January 2009 after I finished the Twilight saga, and I haven't stopped since. I discovered Fan Fiction in August 2009. Since then I have written my two fics and plan on doing at least one more. After that... who knows?" In August 2013, sales of the trilogy saw James top the Forbes' list of the highest-earning authors with earnings of $95m which included $5m for the film rights to Fifty Shades of Grey. On 1 June 2015 James announced the upcoming release of Grey: Fifty Shades of Grey as Told by Christian, which was released into stores on 18 June 2015. Darker: Fifty Shades Darker as Told by Christian was released November 28, 2017.
James was one of the British celebrities, including Tom Hiddleston, Benedict Cumberbatch and Rachel Riley, to design and sign her own card for the UK children's charity Thomas Coram Foundation for Children. The campaign was launched by crafting company Stampin’ Up! UK and the cards were auctioned on eBay during May 2014.
Awards and honoursEdit
- 2012 Time 100 by Time magazine, "The 100 Most Influential People in the World"
- 2012 Publishers Weekly "Publishing Person of the Year".
- 2012 National Book Award (UK), "Popular Fiction Book of the Year", Fifty Shades of Grey
- 2012 National Book Award (UK), "Book of the Year", Fifty Shades of Grey
|2015||Fifty Shades of Grey||Producer|
|2017||Fifty Shades Darker||Producer|
|2018||Fifty Shades Freed||Producer|
- "E.L. James". Waterstones.com. Waterstones. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- Julie Bosman (21 May 2012). "Libraries Debate Stocking 'Fifty Shades of Grey' Trilogy". The New York Times.
- "The Shy British Mum Behind 50 Shades of Grey". Time Magazine. 29 March 2012.
- "Fifty Shades of Grey author EL James now worth £37m". The Guardian. 2 April 2017.
- Who Should be Time's Person of the Year 2012? E.L. James.
- ""Fifty Shades of Grey" coming in hardcover". Salon.com. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- The World's 100 Most Influential People.
- Belloni, Matthew (20 February 2013). "Universal Chairman Wants 'Fifty Shades' for Summer 2014, More 'Bourne' and 'Van Helsing' Reboot (Q&A)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
- "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 14 February 2018.
- Brennan, Zoe (6 February 2015). "EL James: The shy housewife behind Fifty Shades of Grey". The Daily Telegraph (7 July 2012).
- "M&S meets S&M Mum who erotic bestseller Fifty Shades Of Grey". The Sun. Retrieved 31 May 2012.
- Who is E L James? Chicago Tribune Retrieved 31 May 2012
- Triple-X trilogy of novels has women talking (quietly). msnbc. Retrieved 31 May 2012
- "Fifty Shades of Grey author E L James – Exclusive interview" (16 July 2012) Shropshire Star. Retrieved 16 July 2012
- 'Fifty Shades' author 'stunned' at success of erotic trilogy TODAY MSNBC
- "The Lost History of Fifty Shades of Grey". mediabistro.com. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- "E.L. James Seals A Spot On List of Britain's Richest Authors". Lia. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
- "Fifty Shades makes EL James top-earning author". BBC News. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
- "E.L. James teases Fifty Shades Darker from Christian's point of view". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
- "Celebrity card auction raises over £8,500 for Coram". Coram.org. Retrieved 16 February 2015
- The 100 Most Influential People in the World Time Magazine. Retrieved 31 May 2012
- Alison Flood (3 December 2012). "EL James wins 'publishing person of the year' for making erotic fiction 'hot'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- Molly Driscoll (3 December 2012). "E L James as 'Publishing Person of the Year' draws outcry from literary world". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Alison Flood (5 December 2012). "EL James comes out on top at National Book awards". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "EL James wins at National Book Awards". BBC News. 4 December 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2013.