Dzeliwe of Eswatini

  (Redirected from Dzeliwe Shongwe)

Inkhosikati LaShongwe (b. Dzeliwe Shongwe 1927 – 2003) was Queen Regent of Eswatini between 21 September 1982 and 9 August 1983. She was a wife of king Sobhuza II of Eswatini, and with him had one child, Prince Khuzulwandle Dlamini.

Dzeliwe
Ndlovukati of Eswatini
Reign21 August 1982 - 25 March 1983
Coronation21 August 1982
PredecessorSeneleleni Ndwandwe[1]
SuccessorNtfombi Tfwala
KingNone
Queen Regent of Eswatini
Reign1982 – 1983
PredecessorSobhuza II As King
SuccessorNtfombi Tfwala As Regent
Born1927
Died2003
SpouseKing Sobhuza II (until his death, in 1982)
IssuePrince Khuzulwandle
HouseHouse of Dlamini

After the death of her husband in August 1982, the Royal Congress named Dzeliwe as Queen Regent, and Prince Sozisa Dlamini as the "Authorized Person", or regent's advisor, until Prince Makhosetive, designated by the king as his successor, reached the age of eighteen. The Liqoqo (a traditional advisory body) supported her regency, but soon there were disagreements between her Prime Minister, Mabandla Dlamini, and other members of Congress led by Mfanasibili Dlamini. These problems continued until 25 March 1983, when Prince Mabandla was replaced by Prince Bhekimpi Dlamini. Queen Dzeliwe opposed this dismissal, and this led to her being replaced by Ntfombi of Eswatini (the mother of Prince Makhosetive), as regent later that year.

Prince Makhosetive was crowned on 25 April 1986 with the name of King Mswati III of Eswatini. In May, Mswati dissolved the Liqoqo, consolidating his power and reorganising the government. In May 1987, twelve people were accused of sedition and treason in relation to the overthrow of Queen Regent Dzeliwe in 1983. King Mswati created a special tribunal to judge these crimes against the King or the Queen Regent, in which the defendants did not have the right to legal representation. In March 1988, they were prosecuted by the tribunal, although they were set free in July.

Between 1981 and 1985, Queen Dzeliwe also maintained the post of Joint President of the National Congress.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Siyinqaba (1984). "The Eswatini Monarchy" (PDF). Africa Insight. 14 (1): 14–16.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sobhuza II of Swaziland
Queen Regent of Eswatini
1982–1983
Succeeded by
Ntfombi Tfwala