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Durban Harbour's Congella of 1902 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in the Colony of Natal.

Durban Harbour's Congella
HB Natal 0-4-0ST Congella (1902).jpg
Natal Harbours Department engine Congella, c. 1902
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerHudswell, Clarke and Co.
BuilderHudswell, Clarke and Co.
Serial number605
Build date1902
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte0-4-0ST (Four-coupled)
 • UICBn2t
Driver2nd coupled axle
Gauge3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge
Coupled dia.33 12 in (851 mm)
Wheelbase5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
Length:
 • Over couplers20 ft 5 in (6,223 mm)
 • Over beams17 ft 11 in (5,461 mm)
Height9 ft 10 14 in (3,004 mm)
Adhesive weight12 LT 8 cwt (12,600 kg)
Loco weight12 LT 8 cwt (12,600 kg)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity10 long hundredweight (0.5 t)
Water cap390 imp gal (1,770 l)
Firebox typeRound-top
 • Firegrate area5.6 sq ft (0.52 m2)
Boiler:
 • Pitch4 ft 9 34 in (1,467 mm)
 • Small tubes58: 2 in (51 mm)
Boiler pressure160 psi (1,103 kPa)
Safety valveRamsbottom
Heating surface287.66 sq ft (26.724 m2)
 • Tubes254.44 sq ft (23.638 m2)
 • Firebox33.22 sq ft (3.086 m2)
CylindersTwo
Cylinder size10 in (254 mm) bore
16 in (406 mm) stroke
Valve gearStephenson
CouplersJohnston link-and-pin
Performance figures
Tractive effort5,731 lbf (25.49 kN) @ 75%
Career
OperatorsHarbours Department of Natal
Number in class1
Official nameCongella
Delivered1902
First run1902

In 1902, the Harbours Department of the Natal Government placed a single 0-4-0 saddle-tank locomotive named Congella in service as dock shunting engine in Durban Harbour.[1]

Port Advisory BoardEdit

In 1898, a Port Advisory Board was established in Durban, consisting of seven members who represented the Colonial Government as well as commercial and municipal entities. The board was responsible for the management, control, improvement, development and maintenance of the facilities at Durban Harbour.[1]

Railway operations in the harbour became the responsibility of the Harbours Department of the Government of Natal.[2]

ManufacturerEdit

In 1902, the Natal Harbours Department placed a single 0-4-0ST locomotive in service at Durban Harbour. It was built by Hudswell, Clarke and Company of Leeds and was not numbered, but named Congella.[1]

ServiceEdit

The fate of the locomotive is not known. The engine Congella was no longer in service at the harbour when the South African Railways and Harbours classification and renumbering scheme was executed in 1912.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Holland, D. F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. pp. 115, 129. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8.
  2. ^ Harbours Department of the Government of Natal
  3. ^ Classification of S.A.R. Engines with Renumbering Lists, issued by the Chief Mechanical Engineer's Office, Pretoria, January 1912. (Reprinted in April 1987 by SATS Museum, R.3125-6/9/11-1000)