Duke of Aliaga

Duke of Aliaga (Spanish: Duque de Aliaga) is a hereditary title in the Peerage of Spain, accompanied by the dignity of Grandee and granted in 1487 by Ferdinand II to Juan Fernández de Híjar, Count of Aliaga, Duke of Híjar and later also Duke of Lécera.[2][3]

Dukedom of Aliaga
COA Duke of Hijar.svg
Creation date10 October 1487
MonarchFerdinand II
PeeragePeerage of Spain
First holderJuan Fernandez de Híjar y Cabrera, 1st Duke of Híjar
Present holderLuis Martínez de Irujo y Hohenlohe-Langenburg, 19th Duke of Aliaga[1]

It is one of the highest titles of Spanish nobility associated with one of the members of the Grandes de España. The title was created in 1487 by King Ferdinand II of Aragón (el Catolico)[4] who raised the County of Aliaga to the status of a Dukedom. The title was created as a favor to Juan Fernández de Híjar y Cabrera who had been previously appointed as Count of Aliaga on 31 December 1461 by Ferdinand's father, John II of Aragon.[5]

Aliaga is a municipality in the Province of Teruel, Aragon.

The title of Count of Aliaga, along with a title of lordship over Castellote, was granted to Juan Fernández by John II as a compensation and restitution bonus after peace was made in a war for power between Carlos de Viana, King John II's son and the king. Juan Fernández had fought on the side of the king's illegitimate son.

Juan Fernández de Híjar y Cabrera was the son of Juan Fernández de Híjar, the fifth Baron of Hijar and first lord of Lécera (title which he purchased). His mother was Juan Fernandez' second wife, Timbor de Cabrera, daughter of Bernardo de Cabrera, first Count of Módica, XXIV Viscount of Cabrera, XXVI Viscount of Bas, and II Viscount of Osuna.

The title over the Dukedom of Aliaga has been carried consistently for almost five centuries, having been almost 400 years under the control of the House of Híjar. As such, the Dukedom of Híjar and the Dukedom of Lécera have also traditionally been associated with title over Aliaga. These titles were separated after the reign of 12th Duke, José Rafael de Silva y Fernández de Híjar in 1863 who became the last Híjar to hold the title.

The 3rd Duke of Aliaga by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz

Dukes of AliagaEdit

Title Period
Created by Ferdinand II of Aragon
I Juan Fernández de Híjar y Cabrera 1487–1493
II Luis Fernández de Híjar y Curton 1493–1517
III Juan Francisco Fernández de Híjar 1517–1614
IV Isabel Margarita Fernández de Híjar y Castro-Pinós 1620–1642
V Jaime Francisco Sarmiento de Silva 1642–1700
VI Juana Petronila de Silva y Aragón 1700–1710
VII Isidro Francisco Fernández de Córdoba y Portugal Silva 1710–1745
VIII Joaquín Diego de Silva y Moncada 1745–1758
IX Pedro de Alcántara Fernández de Híjar y Abarca de Bolea 1758–1797
X Agustín Pedro de Silva y Palafox 1797–1817
XI Francisca Javiera de Silva y Fitz-James Stuart 1817–1818
XII José Rafael Fernández de Híjar 1818–1863
XIII Andrés Avelino de Silva y Fernández de Córdoba 1863–1885
XIV Alfonso de Silva y Campbell 1885-1898
XV Alfonso de Silva y Fernández de Córdoba 1898-1954[6]
XVI Alfonso Martínez de Irujo y Fitz-James Stuart 1954-2015
XVII Luis Martínez de Irujo y Hohenlohe-Langenburg 2015-actual title holder

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE) - 31 July 2015
  2. ^ Real Asociación de Hidalgos de España, Elenco de Grandezas y Títulos Nobiliarios Españoles, Ediciones Hidalguía, Vol. 50 (Madrid, 2018), pp. 61-62
  3. ^ Search of title "Aliaga, duque de"
  4. ^ "Aliaga, Ducado de (Teruel.)". archivoducaldehijar-archivoabierto.com (in Spanish). Archivo Ducal de Hijar: Archivo Abierto. Archived from the original on 2011-09-04. Posteriormente, el Católico, elevó a Ducado el recién creado Condado de Aliaga (Córdoba, 10.X.1487)
  5. ^ Madoz, Pascual (1830). P. y Sagasti Madoz (Madrid, A.) (ed.). Diccionario Geográfico-Estadístico-Histórico de España y sus Posesiones de Ultramar (in Spanish). 9. Madrid: Est. Literario-Tipográfico de P. Madoz y L. Sagasti. p. 204. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
  6. ^ (TIF) BOE Nº 13: Solicitud de 5 de mayo de 1953

SourcesEdit