Duke Xiang of Jin

Duke Xiang of Jin (simplified Chinese: 晋襄公; traditional Chinese: 晉襄公; pinyin: Jìn Xiāng Gōng, died 621 BC) was from 627 to 621 BC the ruler of the State of Jin, a major power during the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China. His ancestral name was Ji, given name Huan, and Duke Xiang was his posthumous title. He succeeded his father Duke Wen of Jin, who was the Hegemon of China.[1]

Huan (驩)
Duke Xiang of Jin
Ruler of Jin
Reign627–621 BC
PredecessorDuke Wen of Jin
SuccessorDuke Ling of Jin
Died621 BC
SpouseMu Ying
Ancestral name: Ji (姬)
Given name: Huan (驩)
FatherDuke Wen of Jin

Battle of YaoEdit

After Duke Wen died in the ninth month of 628 BC, Duke Mu of Qin sent an army to attack the State of Zheng. They retreated without attacking Zheng, but destroyed the minor state of Hua instead. In the fourth month of the following year, when the Qin army was passing through Jin territory on their way back to Qin, Jin launched a surprise attack at the Battle of Yao (殽之戰), annihilated the Qin army and captured three Qin generals. Jin annexed the Hua state.[1] After the battle, the power of Qin in the east had been checked for a long period.


Duke Xiang reigned for seven years and died in the eighth month of 621 BC. His son Crown Prince Yigao was then still a boy, and there was a major succession crisis, with different factions supporting Duke Xiang's brothers Prince Yong and Prince Le. Yigao eventually ascended the throne with the support of Zhao Dun (趙盾) and would come to be known as Duke Ling of Jin.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Sima Qian. 晉世家 [House of Jin]. Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 April 2012.
Duke Xiang of Jin
Cadet branch of the House of Ji
 Died: 621 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by Duke of Jin
627–621 BC
Succeeded by