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Duchess of Edinburgh

Duchess of Edinburgh is the principal courtesy title held by the wife of the Duke of Edinburgh.

Duchess of Edinburgh
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
The coat of arms of the present Duchess, Elizabeth.
Elizabeth II and Philip.jpg
Incumbent
Elizabeth II

since 20 November 1947
Term lengthAs long as married to the Duke of Edinburgh
Inaugural holderPrincess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha

Duchesses of EdinburghEdit

The three Duchesses of Edinburgh (and the dates the individuals held that title) are as follows:

1726 creation

Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1736–1751) was also Princess of Wales between 1736 and 1751, and Dowager Princess of Wales thereafter. Princess Augusta's eldest son succeeded as George III of the United Kingdom in 1760, as her husband, Frederick, Prince of Wales, had died nine years earlier.

1866 creation

Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (1874–1900) was the fifth child and only surviving daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Tsarina Maria Alexandrovna. She was the younger sister of Tsar Alexander III of Russia and the paternal aunt of Russia's last Tsar, Nicholas II. In 1874, Maria Alexandrovna married Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert; she was the first and only Romanov to marry into the British royal family. In August 1893, Maria Alexandrovna became Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha when her husband inherited the duchy on the death of his childless uncle, Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

1947 creation

The Princess Elizabeth (1947–1952) is, and has been from her accession in 1952, Queen of the United Kingdom. From her marriage in 1947 to her accession in 1952, she was styled HRH The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh. Elizabeth met her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1934 and 1937.[1] They are second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark and third cousins through Queen Victoria. After another meeting at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in July 1939, Elizabeth—though only 13 years old—said she fell in love with Philip and they began to exchange letters.[2] Their engagement was officially announced on 9 July 1947.[3] Before the marriage, Philip renounced his Greek and Danish titles, converted from Greek Orthodoxy to Anglicanism, and adopted the style Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, taking the surname of his mother's British family.[4] Just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh and granted the style His Royal Highness.[5] Elizabeth and Philip were married on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey. From their marriage until her accession as queen, Elizabeth was styled "Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh."

Duchesses of EdinburghEdit

First creation, 1726Edit

Duchess Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (by birth)
House of Hanover (by marriage)
1736—1772
  30 November 1719
Gotha, Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, and Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
8 May 1736
Frederick, Prince of Wales
9 children
8 February 1772
aged 52

Second creation, 1866Edit

Duchess Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
House of Romanov (by birth)
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (by marriage)
1874—1920
  17 October 1853
Alexander Palace, St. Petersburg

daughter of Alexander II of Russia, and Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine
23 January 1874
Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
5 children
24 October 1920
aged 67

Third creation, 1947Edit

Duchess Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom
House of Windsor
1947—present
  21 April 1926
Mayfair, London

daughter of George VI, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
20 November 1947
Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
4 children
 –
now 93 years, 201 days old

Possible future creationsEdit

It was announced in 1999, at the time of the wedding of HRH The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, that he would follow his father as Duke of Edinburgh. The title is expected to be newly created for Prince Edward after it "eventually reverts to the crown".[6] His wife, the Countess of Wessex, will become the Duchess of Edinburgh once the title gets bestowed on her husband.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brandreth, pp. 132–139; Lacey, pp. 124–125; Pimlott, p. 86
  2. ^ Bond, p. 10; Brandreth, pp. 132–136, 166–169; Lacey, pp. 119, 126, 135
  3. ^ Heald, p. 77
  4. ^ Hoey, pp. 55–56; Pimlott, pp. 101, 137
  5. ^ "No. 38128". The London Gazette. 21 November 1947. p. 5495.
  6. ^ "The Earl of Wessex". Royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-30.