Duchess of Edinburgh
|Duchess of Edinburgh|
The coat of arms of the present Duchess, Elizabeth.
|Term length||As long as married to the Duke of Edinburgh|
|Inaugural holder||Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha|
Duchesses of EdinburghEdit
The three Duchesses of Edinburgh (and the dates the individuals held that title) are as follows:
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (1736–1751) was also Princess of Wales between 1736 and 1751, and Dowager Princess of Wales thereafter. Princess Augusta's eldest son succeeded as George III of the United Kingdom in 1760, as her husband, Frederick, Prince of Wales, had died nine years earlier.
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (1874–1900) was the fifth child and only surviving daughter of Tsar Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Tsarina Maria Alexandrovna. She was the younger sister of Tsar Alexander III of Russia and the paternal aunt of Russia's last Tsar, Nicholas II. In 1874, Maria Alexandrovna married Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert; she was the first and only Romanov to marry into the British royal family. In August 1893, Maria Alexandrovna became Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha when her husband inherited the duchy on the death of his childless uncle, Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
The Princess Elizabeth (1947–1952) is, and has been from her accession in 1952, Queen of the United Kingdom. From her marriage in 1947 to her accession in 1952, she was styled HRH The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh. Elizabeth met her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1934 and 1937. They are second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark and third cousins through Queen Victoria. After another meeting at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in July 1939, Elizabeth—though only 13 years old—said she fell in love with Philip and they began to exchange letters. Their engagement was officially announced on 9 July 1947. Before the marriage, Philip renounced his Greek and Danish titles, converted from Greek Orthodoxy to Anglicanism, and adopted the style Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, taking the surname of his mother's British family. Just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh and granted the style His Royal Highness. Elizabeth and Philip were married on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey. From their marriage until her accession as queen, Elizabeth was styled "Her Royal Highness The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh."
Duchesses of EdinburghEdit
First creation, 1726Edit
|Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (by birth)
House of Hanover (by marriage)
|30 November 1719
Gotha, Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, and Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
|8 May 1736
Frederick, Prince of Wales
|8 February 1772|
Second creation, 1866Edit
|Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
House of Romanov (by birth)
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (by marriage)
|17 October 1853
Alexander Palace, St. Petersburg
daughter of Alexander II of Russia, and Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine
|23 January 1874
Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
|24 October 1920|
Third creation, 1947Edit
|Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom
House of Windsor
|21 April 1926
daughter of George VI, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon
|20 November 1947
Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark
| – |
now 93 years, 201 days old
Possible future creationsEdit
It was announced in 1999, at the time of the wedding of HRH The Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, that he would follow his father as Duke of Edinburgh. The title is expected to be newly created for Prince Edward after it "eventually reverts to the crown". His wife, the Countess of Wessex, will become the Duchess of Edinburgh once the title gets bestowed on her husband.
- Brandreth, pp. 132–139; Lacey, pp. 124–125; Pimlott, p. 86
- Bond, p. 10; Brandreth, pp. 132–136, 166–169; Lacey, pp. 119, 126, 135
- Heald, p. 77
- Hoey, pp. 55–56; Pimlott, pp. 101, 137
- "No. 38128". The London Gazette. 21 November 1947. p. 5495.
- "The Earl of Wessex". Royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 3 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-30.
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