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Duane Hanson (January 17, 1925 – January 6, 1996) was an American artist and sculptor born in Minnesota. He spent most of his career in South Florida. He was known for his life sized realistic sculptures of people. He cast the works based on human models in various materials, including polyester resin, fiberglass, Bondo, and bronze. In 2018, two of Hanson's works were exhibited at the Met Breuer in the show "Like Life", which NY Times critic Roberta Smith reviewed, stating "(the show) juxtaposes figurative sculptures throughout time. On view was Hanson's hyper-realistic “Housepainter II” (1984), and “Hermes,” attributed to Polykleitos (A.D. first or second century). Mr. Hanson's sculpture of a black man whitewashing a brown wall underscores the curators’ point that ancient marbles were originally brightly colored — and that the whiteness of Classical art is a fiction that has “colored” the Western view of perfection.[1]

Duane Elwood Hanson
Duane Hanson.jpg
Born(1925-01-17)January 17, 1925
DiedJanuary 6, 1996(1996-01-06) (aged 70)
NationalityAmerican
EducationBA, 1946, Macalester College, Saint Paul, Minnesota
MFA, 1951, Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Known forSculpture
MovementPhotorealism, hyperrealism

Peter Scheldahl, noted in his March 2018 article for The New Yorker about the show "Like Life", "his (Hanson's) hyperrealistic tableaux, starring a frowsy working-class housewife and a weary housepainter, curiously become ever more affecting as their period looks recede in time." [2]

Hanson's works are in the permanent collections of The Whitney Museum of American Art, The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, and The Smithsonian.

EducationEdit

Duane Elwood Hanson was born January 17, 1925, in Alexandria, Minnesota. After attendance at Luther College and the University of Washington, he graduated from Macalester College in 1946. Following a period where he taught high school art, he received a Master of Fine Arts degree from the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Bloomfield Hills in 1951.[citation needed]

Career and styleEdit

Around 1966 Hanson began making figural casts using fiberglass and vinyl. Works that first brought him notice were of figures grouped in tableaux, some depicting brutal and violent subjects. Hanson's Abortion (1966) was inspired by the horrors of an illicit backroom procedure,[3] and Accident (1967)[4] showed a motorcycle crash. Race Riot (1969–1971) included among its seven figures a white policeman terrorizing an African American man as well as an African American rioter attacking the policeman. Other works which dealt with physical violence or other explosive social issues of the 1960s were Riot (1967), Football Players (1969), and Vietnam Scene (1969).

These sculptures, cast from actual people, were painted to make the revealed skin look realistic, replete with veins and blemishes. Hanson then clothed the figures with garments from second-hand clothing stores or from the person who modeled for him. Clearly these works contained strong social comment, and can be seen as modern parallels to the concerns of 19th-century French Realists such as Honoré Daumier and Jean-François Millet, artists Hanson admired.

Few of Hanson's early sculptures would survive because he later destroyed many of them, preferring to be known for his more mature style.[3]

Around 1970, Hanson abandoned gut-wrenching scenes for more subtle, though no less vivid ones. In that year he made the Supermarket Shopper, Hardhat, and Tourists; Woman Eating was completed in 1971. These were also life-sized, clothed, fiberglass figures. Unlike the earlier works, however, these were single or paired figures, and not overtly engaged in a violent activity. Instead, his figures often had a listless, bored affect, staring into the distance and disengaged from their surroundings.

In 1967, art dealer Ivan Karp attempted to persuade Hanson to move from South Florida to New York City, and the artist moved to Manhattan in 1969, residing on The Bowery (Bleecker Street) across the street from CBGB.[3] However, in 1973, Hanson moved to Davie, Florida, where he would spend the remainder of his life.[3]

While the earlier works tended to be more contained spatially, the later figures had no clearly defined boundaries separating them from the viewer. They quite literally inhabited the viewer's space—with amusing results at times, as in the cases of Reading Man (1977) or Photographer (1978).[citation needed] Hanson sometimes would cast his own children in his work, as in Cheerleader (1988), and Surfer (1987).

The Estate of Duane Hanson is represented by Gagosian Gallery.[5]

ExhibitionsEdit

 
Man on bench (1977), Saatchi Gallery London

Selected solo exhibitions of Hanson's work include

Posthumous exhibitions:

CollectionsEdit

 
Woman Eating (1971), polyester resin, fiberglass, polychromed in oil paint with clothes, table, chair and accessories (life sized), Smithsonian American Art Museum

The following collections hold sculptures by Duane Hanson:[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Smith, Roberta (March 22, 2018). "Real, or Too Real? A Dazzling Show Goes the Way of All Flesh". Retrieved September 6, 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
  2. ^ Schjeldahl, Peter (March 26, 2018). ""Like Life" Shows Seven Hundred Years of the Body". Retrieved September 6, 2019 – via www.newyorker.com.
  3. ^ a b c d "Duane Hanson: An Exhibition of Sculpture, Tools and Accessories, Printed Materials, Models, and Memorabilia from the Collection of Mrs. Duane (Wesla) Hanson". broward.org. Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  4. ^ "Duane Hanson | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  5. ^ http://www.gagosian.com/DuaneHanson
  6. ^ http://www.broward.org/Arts/PublicArt/PadTour/Inventory/Pages/VendorWalkman.aspx
  7. ^ Duane Hanson, October 30 – December 3, 2014 Gagosian Gallery, New York;
  8. ^ "Duane Hanson". Serpentine Galleries. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  9. ^ "Duane Hanson - Artist, Fine Art Prices, Auction Records for Duane Hanson". www.askart.com. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  10. ^ "Duane Hanson". whitney.org. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  11. ^ Center, Cantor Arts. "From the Cantor Arts Center - Slab Man". cantorcollection.stanford.edu. Retrieved September 6, 2019.