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Dresden Green Diamond

The Dresden Green Diamond, also known as "Dresden Green", is a 41 carats (8.2 g) natural green diamond, which probably originated in the Kollur mine in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.

Dresden Green
Dresdner Grüner Diamant - Neues Grünes Gewölbe Dresden.jpg
The diamond in its hat clasp ornament
Weight41 carats (8.2 g)
ColorNatural green
Country of origin India
DiscoveredBefore 1722
Glass copy of the Dresden Green

The Dresden Green is a rare Type IIa, with a clarity of VS1 and it is said to be potentially internally flawless, if slightly recut.[1]

It is named after Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony, where it has been on display for most of the last two centuries, latterly in the New Green Vault at Dresden Castle. After World War II, it was relocated to Moscow for a decade before being returned to Dresden. In November 2019, it was sent on loan to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City[2] so was not involved in the jewel theft of 25 November.[3]

HistoryEdit

The Dresden Green Diamond has a historical record dating back to 1722, when a London news-sheet carried an article about it in its 25 October-27th edition.[4] It was acquired by Augustus III of Poland from a Dutch merchant in 1742 at the Leipzig Fair.[4] In 1768, the diamond was incorporated into an extremely valuable hat ornament, surrounded by two large and 411 medium-sized and small diamonds.[5] This is the setting that the Dresden Green still appears in today.

In 2000, American jewelry firm Harry Winston arranged to display the Dresden Green at the New York flagship store and then at the Smithsonian in Washington, DC, United States, where it was displayed in the Harry Winston pavilion next to the largest blue diamond in the world, the Hope Diamond.

ColorEdit

The stone's unique apple green color is due to natural exposure to radioactive materials, as the irradiation of diamonds can produce changes in color. The Dresden Green Diamond has been used to compare natural versus lab-produced green diamonds — it is hoped that it can be used to devise a test to differentiate between naturally green diamonds, which are quite rare, and lab-produced ones.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Dresden Green Diamond". famousdiamonds.tripod.com.
  2. ^ "Green diamond to act as cultural ambassador for Dresden in New York - Loans from Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden to feature in exhibition at Metropolitan Museum of Art". Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden. 18 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Dresden Green Vault robbery: Priceless diamonds stolen". BBC World News. 25 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  4. ^ a b Edwin W. Streeter (1898). Dresden Green Diamond, in "The Great Diamonds of the World". George Bell & Sons. Archived from the original on 9 February 2007. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  5. ^ Dirk Syndram, Prunkstücke des Grünen Gewölbes zu Dresden, 5th ed. Leipzig: Seemann, 2006, ISBN 978-3-86502-150-2, pp. 166-173 (in German)

External linkEdit

  Media related to Dresden Green Diamond at Wikimedia Commons