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Downtown Norwich Historic District

The Downtown Norwich Historic District is a historic district representing the core of the downtown area of the city of Norwich, Connecticut in the United States. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. It includes 115 contributing buildings and one other contributing structure over a 64-acre (26 ha) area.[1] Several buildings in the historic district are also individually listed on the National Register, including the Norwich Town Hall, the Telephone Exchange Building and the Carroll Building.[2]

Downtown Norwich Historic District
Downtown Norwich CT.jpg
Downtown Norwich Historic District is located in Connecticut
Downtown Norwich Historic District
Downtown Norwich Historic District is located in the United States
Downtown Norwich Historic District
LocationRoughly bounded by Union Square, Park, Main and Shetland Streets, and Washington Square, Norwich, Connecticut,
United States
Coordinates41°31′26″N 72°4′38″W / 41.52389°N 72.07722°W / 41.52389; -72.07722Coordinates: 41°31′26″N 72°4′38″W / 41.52389°N 72.07722°W / 41.52389; -72.07722
Area64 acres (26 ha)
ArchitectEvan Burdick and others
Architectural styleLate 19th and 20th Century Revivals, Greek Revival, Late Victorian
NRHP reference #85000707[1]
Added to NRHPApril 4, 1985

Norwich was settled by English colonists in the 17th century, and its first wharf was built in 1684. It developed rapidly as a shipping port, with economic activity focused near the waterfront at the confluence of the Shetucket, Yantic, and Thames Rivers. The downtown developed as a linear area just north of the main port area, Main Street forming an east-west axis. The oldest surviving commercial building dates to 1742, and the oldest house to 1745. A major fire in the downtown in 1793 encouraged a shift to brick construction, but growth was squelched by the economic blockades associated with the War of 1812. The downtown's architecture is consequently dominated by Greek Revival andlate 19th and early 20th century architecture, which was built when the city was an important point for the transshipment of goods by either rail or ship. By this time, the city's economy had diversified to include banking, textiles, and other water-powered industry.[2] The downtown area includes many intact 18th and 19th-century buildings centered on the now-picturesque harbor.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ a b Plummer, Dale S. (June 13, 1984). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Downtown Norwich Historic District". National Park Service. With accompanying photos
  3. ^ Neighborhoods Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine, Norwich Community Development Corporation website, accessed December 11, 2009