Donya (Persian: The World) was a monthly Marxist theoretical cultural magazine that produced twelve issues between February 1934 and June 1935. It was based in Tehran, Iran.

Donya
EditorTaqi Arani
CategoriesTheoretical cultural magazine
FrequencyMonthly
Founder
First issueFebruary 1934
Final issueMay–June 1935
CountryPahlavi Iran
Based inTehran
LanguagePersian

History and profile edit

Donya was first published in February 1934.[1] Three Marxist Iranian intellectuals, Taqi Arani, Iraj Iskandari and Bozorg Alavi, who were part of the first cell of the newly founded Iranian Communist Party established the magazine.[2] Arani also served as the editor-in-chief of Donya.[2][3] The magazine was based in Tehran[1] and came out monthly.[4]

Its major goal was to introduce Marxism to Iranians and to provide a basis for a prospective Marxist group.[2] Donya featured articles on politics and history from a Marxist perspective.[5] It supported positivist Marxism and cultural hegemony, but avoided direct discussions of Marxism, class struggle and revolution.[6] Instead, it covered indirect discussions of cultural and philosophical views.[1] The magazine supported the following view of the transgressive thought: "Humankind has reached a stage in the evolution of civilization that it wants to conduct its society according to materialist and logical principles."[7]

Donya published a total of 12 volumes before its closure in 1935.[8] Its last issue was dated May-June.[9]

Legacy edit

A publication with the same name was launched by Tudeh Party[10] in 1960.[11] It billed itself as the direct successor of Donya.[11]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Afshin Matin Asgari (2018). Both Eastern and Western: An Intellectual History of Iranian Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 101. ISBN 978-1108428538.
  2. ^ a b c M. Reza Ghods (October 1990). "The Iranian Communist Movement under Reza Shah". Middle Eastern Studies. 26 (4): 508. JSTOR 4283395.
  3. ^ Hormoz Mehrdad (1980). Political orientations and the style of intergroup leadership interactions: The case of Iranian political parties (PhD thesis). Ohio State University. p. 257. ISBN 979-8-205-08664-6. ProQuest 303067167.
  4. ^ Donald Newton Wilber (2014). Iran, Past and Present: From Monarchy to Islamic Republic (9th ed.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 237. ISBN 9781400857470.
  5. ^ Faramarz S. Fatemi (1976). The U.S.S.R. in Iran the Irano-Soviet dispute and the patterns of Azerbaijan revolution, 1941-1947 (PhD thesis). New School for Social Research, NY. p. 42. ISBN 9798662167506. ProQuest 302817024.
  6. ^ Manija Nasrabadi; Afshin Matin Asgari (2018). "The Iranian student movement and the making of global 1968". In Chen Jian; et al. (eds.). The Routledge Handbook of the Global Sixties. London: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315150918. ISBN 9780367580872.
  7. ^ Arash Ghajarjazi (2022). "A Typology of Transgressive Thought in Iran". Iran Academia Journal (9): 2. doi:10.53895/iccifpe5.
  8. ^ Farid Moradi (Summer 2013). "History of book Publishing in Iran" (PDF). In Farid Moradi; et al. (eds.). Publishing in Persian language In Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Europe and United States. International Alliance of Independent Publishers. ISBN 978-2-9519747-8-4.
  9. ^ "Persian journals and periodicals". University of Chicago Library. Retrieved 14 September 2023.
  10. ^ Abdolrahim Javadzadeh (2007). Marxists into Muslims: An Iranian Irony (PhD thesis). Florida International University. p. 162. doi:10.25148/etd.FI08081527.
  11. ^ a b Siavush Randjbar-Daemi (2022). "The Tudeh Party of Iran and the land reform initiatives of the Pahlavi state, 1958–1964". Middle Eastern Studies. 58 (4): 622. doi:10.1080/00263206.2021.1976157. hdl:10023/24035. S2CID 239236185.

External links edit

  •   Media related to Donya at Wikimedia Commons