Donald Eugene Canfield (born 1957)[1][2][7] is a geologist and Professor of Ecology at the University of Southern Denmark known for his work on ocean chemistry.[8][9][10][11][12] The Canfield ocean, a sulfidic partially oxic ocean existing between the Archean and Ediacaran periods, is named after him.[13]

Donald Canfield
Donald Eugene Canfield

(1957-11-14) November 14, 1957 (age 62)[1]
Alma mater
Known forCanfield ocean
Spouse(s)Marianne prip Olsen[2]
AwardsMember of the National Academy of Sciences (2007)[3]
Scientific career
ThesisSulfate reduction and the diagenesis of iron in anoxic marine sediments (1988)
Doctoral advisorRobert Berner[4]
InfluencesWilliam J. Green[2][5][6]


Canield was educated at Miami University[2] and Yale University where he was awarded a PhD for research on diagenesis in marine sediments supervised by Robert Berner in 1988.[4][14][15][16]

Career and ResearchEdit

Canfield has been the director of the Nordic Center for Earth Evolution (NordCEE) since August 2006, and works at the University of Southern Denmark. His research investigates the geobiology of ocean chemistry.[7][17][18][19][20][21] Prior to his current position he has worked at Ames Research Center,[2] Aarhus University, the University of Michigan, the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Germany and the Georgia Institute of Technology.[1]

Awards and honorsEdit

Canfield was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2007.[2] He was awarded the European Geosciences Union's Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky Medal in 2010.[22][23]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Donald Eugene Canfield CV". 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-03-02.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Downey, P. (2011). "Profile of Donald E. Canfield". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (8): 3105–3107. doi:10.1073/pnas.1101311108. PMC 3044362. PMID 21321217.
  3. ^ a b "NAS Member Directory: Donald E. Canfield". 2007. Archived from the original on 2015-03-02.
  4. ^ a b Canfield, Donald (2015). "Robert A. Berner (1935–2015) Geochemist who quantified the carbon cycle". Nature. 518 (7540): 484. doi:10.1038/518484a. PMID 25719659.
  5. ^ Green, W. J.; Canfteld, D. E.; Steinly, B. A. (1985). "Spatial variations in and controls on the calcite saturation index in Acton Lake, Ohio". Freshwater Biology. 15 (5): 525. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.1985.tb00223.x.
  6. ^ Green, W. J.; Canfield, D. E.; Lee, G. F.; Jones, R. A. (1986). "Mn, Fe, Cu and Cd distributions and residence times in closed basin Lake Vanda (Wright Valley, Antarctica)". Hydrobiologia. 134 (3): 237. doi:10.1007/BF00008492.
  7. ^ a b Donald Canfield's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  8. ^ Canfield, Donald (2014). Oxygen : a four billion year history. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-14502-0.
  9. ^ Fischer, W. W. (2014). "Breathing Life into Oxygen". Science. 343 (6173): 840. doi:10.1126/science.1248669.
  10. ^ Falkowski, P.; Scholes, R. J.; Boyle, E.; Canadell, J.; Canfield, D.; Elser, J.; Gruber, N.; Hibbard, K.; Högberg, P.; Linder, S.; MacKenzie, F. T.; Moore b, 3.; Pedersen, T.; Rosenthal, Y.; Seitzinger, S.; Smetacek, V.; Steffen, W. (2000). "The Global Carbon Cycle: A Test of Our Knowledge of Earth as a System". Science. 290 (5490): 291–296. doi:10.1126/science.290.5490.291. PMID 11030643.
  11. ^ Canfield, D. E.; Raiswell, R.; Westrich, J. T.; Reaves, C. M.; Berner, R. A. (1986). "The use of chromium reduction in the analysis of reduced inorganic sulfur in sediments and shales". Chemical Geology. 54 (1–2): 149–155. doi:10.1016/0009-2541(86)90078-1.
  12. ^ Canfield, D. E. (1989). "Reactive iron in marine sediments". Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 53 (3): 619–32. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(89)90005-7. PMID 11539783.
  13. ^ Canfield, D. E. (1998). "A new model for Proterozoic ocean chemistry". Letters to Nature. Nature. 396 (6710): 450–453. doi:10.1038/24839.
  14. ^ Canfield, Donald Eugene (1988). Sulfate reduction and the diagenesis of iron in anoxic marine sediments (PhD thesis). Yale University. OCLC 40356769.
  15. ^ Canfield, D. E. (1999). "The evolution of the sulfur cycle". American Journal of Science. 299 (7–9): 697–723. doi:10.2475/ajs.299.7-9.697.
  16. ^ Canfield, D. E.; Teske, A (1996). "Late Proterozoic rise in atmospheric oxygen concentration inferred from phylogenetic and sulphur-isotope studies". Nature. 382 (6587): 127–32. doi:10.1038/382127a0. PMID 11536736.
  17. ^ Stolper, D. A.; Revsbech, N. P.; Canfield, D. E. (2010). "Aerobic growth at nanomolar oxygen concentrations". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (44): 18755–60. doi:10.1073/pnas.1013435107. PMC 2973883. PMID 20974919.
  18. ^ Canfield, D. E. (1989). "Sulfate reduction and oxic respiration in marine sediments: Implications for organic carbon preservation in euxinic environments". Deep-Sea Research Part A: Oceanographic Research Papers. 36 (1): 121–38. doi:10.1016/0198-0149(89)90022-8. PMID 11542177.
  19. ^ Canfield, D. E.; Poulton, S. W.; Narbonne, G. M. (2007). "Late-Neoproterozoic deep-ocean oxygenation and the rise of animal life". Science. 315 (5808): 92–5. doi:10.1126/science.1135013. PMID 17158290.
  20. ^ Canfield, D. E. (2004). "The evolution of the Earth surface sulfur reservoir". American Journal of Science. 304 (10): 839–861. doi:10.2475/ajs.304.10.839.
  21. ^ Canfield, D. E.; Habicht, K. S.; Thamdrup, B (2000). "The Archean sulfur cycle and the early history of atmospheric oxygen". Science. 288 (5466): 658–61. doi:10.1126/science.288.5466.658. PMID 10784446.
  22. ^ "Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky Medal 2010". Archived from the original on 2011-10-05.
  23. ^ University of Southern Denmark (2005-10-06). "The travelling scientist". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2007-06-30.