Dollah Darya Khan

Mubarak Khan Lashari or more popular as Darya Khan Lashari (Sindhi: دريا خان لاشاری), was a famous general of Samma Dynasty of Sindh, a powerful statesman and regent at the court of Samma ruler Jam Feroz[1] According to other sources his original name was Qabooliyo and he was Sammo by caste,[2] whose deeds of valour are sung all over Sindh to this day.
Darya Khan was adopted son and prime minister of Jam Nizamuddin II[3][4] who defeated the Argun army in the Battle of Jalwakhir near Bibi Nani in the Bolan Pass.This victory made Darya Khan Lashari, the 'Dollah' (Hero) of Sindh.On his deathbed, Jam Nizamuddin,entrusted to Darya Khan the care of his kingdom,of his treasures,his family, and his son Jam Feroz.
Darya Khan was real son of land and icon of periotism who fought for the freedom of homeland till his death[5] and martyred while fighting bravely in the Battle of Fatehpur when an arrow hit him in throat on 21 December 1521 A.D. and thus ended the reign of Jam Feroz as an independent ruler.

Darya Khan Lashari
دوله دريا خان لاشاری
Regent of the Samma Ruler
In office
1508–1512
MonarchJam Feroz
Personal details
Born
Qaboolio or (Qabool Muhammad Lashari)
Died1521
Sindh, Samma Dynasty
ChildrenMahmud Khan Lashari , Motan khan Lasharie
Military service
Years of service1490-1521
CommandsSamma Army
Battles/warsBattle of Jalwakhir
Battle of Fatehpur

Early lifeEdit

Darya Khan Lasharie was adopted as a son by Jam Nizamuddin. His real name was Qaboolo (or Qabool Muhammad). He belongs to Baloch Tribe Lashari. He rose to become Madarul-Muham (Prime Minister) and was titled as Mubarak Khan Lashari.

Military ServiceEdit

In the days of Mongol, Sultan Hussain Mirza Baiqra, of Khurasan, on complaints of the merchants of Central Asia (Herat and Qandhar), that they were looted by Sir.dhis, the Sultan sent an armed expedition to Sind border, which after initial raids returned to their country. A declaration of victory was issued in Herat in 892 A.H. (1487 A.D.). It states that the infidels (Sindhis) having come to know of Mongol movements, collected a large army and wanted to make a surprise attack but the Islamic forces (Mongols) came to know of it and made offensive attacks, killing many of these Hindus (forces of Jam Nizamuddin). As a result of this success declaration of victory was issued.

This may have been an attack on the Sindh border without any results. Amir Zul Noon Arghoon then was Herat's Naib at Qandhar. He seems to have despatched his son Shah Beg on this expedition. The latter captured the Sibi Fort from Jam Nizamuddin's agent Bahadur Khan and installed his brother Sultan Mohammad, who later on was defeated and killed by Mubarak Khan Lashari (Darya Khan Lashari Dullah) near Jalwagir in Bolan Pass, close to Bibi Nani.

After this incident, the Mongols did not turn up in Sindh during the life of Jam Nizamuddin. At that time, the Mongol troops had advanced as far as Chanduka, Sardecha, and Kot Machhi, but after being expelled by Darya Khan Lashari, they never turned back during Jam Nizamuddin's lifetime.

Death of Jam Nizamuddin Samma after 48 years rule of Sind and was succeeded by his son Nasiruddin Abul Fatah Feroz Shah-II. At that time Jam Feroz had neglected the affairs of the state, refused the advice of Darya Khan Lashari, who had to retire to his Jagir in the village Ghaha (Kahan near Sehwan and these failures brought his defeat at the hands of Salahuduin who thus became the ruler of Sind. Feroz Shah along with his mother Madina Machhani went over to Ghaha to Darya Khan Lashari, who at the request of Madina agreed to help, collected troops from Sehwan, but got the first setback at the hands of Haji, the Minister of Jam Salahuddin. As luck would have it the Minister's letter about the success of the initial battle addressed to Jam Salahuddin fell in the hands of Darya Khan Lashari, who had it replaced, conveying Salahuddin that the Minister's forces had been defeated and it was advisable for him to abandon Thatta. This was quickly done. Darya Khan Lashari then moved Feroz Shah to Thatta and installed him on 1st Shawwal, 918 A.H. (1512 A D. 12 October). Salahuddin then returned to Gujarat. He had remained in possession of Thatta for about eight months and must have collected a large sum of money from Thatta and organized another battle.

Last days of Darya Khan LashariEdit

There are different versions of the last days of his life.

Tahiri states:

that the courtiers being jealous of his power and position persuaded Feroz Shah to crush him, but the latter finding himself incapable avoided any direct conflict; so they approached Feroz 's mother Madina Machhani advising her to invite the Mongols and Arghuns to free Sindh from the power of Darya Khan. According to this plan, Madina invited Shah Beg from Qandahar. Shah Beg took Baghban-Sehwan route and encountered Darya Khan Lasharie near 'Khan Wan' canal which he had himself built to irrigate the lands of village Sankorah (Sakro) and other areas (of Thatta and Sakro Talukas). Darya Khan Lasharie was killed while fighting bravely when an arrow hit him in the throat. Feroz Shah kept aloof.[6]


Masumi on the other hand reports:

Some Mongols had migrated to Thatta and entered the service of Jam Feroz who had assigned a separate quarter to them called Mongol Pura. One Mir Qasim Kaibakian Arghoon encouraged and induced Shah Beg to undertake the conquest of Thatta and, therefore, Shah Beg made reparations and was first opposed near Talhati (Talti) by Matan Khan Lasharie (Motann Khan Lasharie) son of Darya Khan Lasharie, but avoiding them Shah Beg reached Khanwah located 6 miles north of the city of Thatta, crossed the river at a point where it was shallow and reached near Thatta. Darya Khan Lasharie left Feroz Shah in the city and came out to fight a fierce battle, which he lost, and was captured by Tingari Birdi Qabtasal and put to sword along with the other Samma soldiers. Jam Feroz took to flight.

Beglar Nama states that:

he was captured and killed.

Zafar-ul-Walih states:


he was called by the Arghoons to discuss the terms of peace and treacherously murdered.

Shrine of Darya Khan LashariEdit

An inscription at the north oi Mubarak Khan's grave calls him Al Khanul Azam Wa Shahid Mubarak Khan Ibn Sultan Nizamuddin.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Desecrated Heritage". Newsline. Retrieved 2019-09-27.
  2. ^ "Darya Khan Otaq, Jamshoro". heritage.eftsindh.com. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  3. ^ InpaperMagazine, From (2013-03-09). "Heritage: Setting history right". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 2019-09-27.
  4. ^ Sayyidu, Jī Em (1996). Shah Latif and His Message. Sain Publishers.
  5. ^ "Sindh Sujagi Forum pays tribute to Dollah Darya Khan". Daily Times. 2017-12-27. Retrieved 2019-09-27.
  6. ^ Channa Mahboob Ali, Mehran, Vol.41, No. 4, 1964, pp. 131-32.