Doc Severinsen

(Redirected from Doc Severinson)

Carl Hilding "Doc" Severinsen (born July 7, 1927) is an American retired jazz trumpeter who led the NBC Orchestra on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

Doc Severinsen
Severinsen in a 1974 publicity photo for The Tonight Show
Severinsen in a 1974 publicity photo for The Tonight Show
Background information
Birth nameCarl Hilding Severinsen
Born (1927-07-07) July 7, 1927 (age 96)
Arlington, Oregon, U.S.
GenresJazz, swing, fusion, pop
Occupation(s)Musician, bandleader
Years active1946–2022
LabelsCommand, RCA, Amherst, Telarc

Early life Edit

Severinsen was born in Arlington, Oregon, to Minnie Mae (1897–1998) and Carl Severinsen (1898–1972).[1] He was nicknamed Doc after his father, the only dentist in Arlington, who was born in Germany to a Danish father and a Swiss mother. Severinsen's father played violin and wanted him to play it as well, but Severinsen wanted to play trombone.[2] Because his arms were not long enough for trombone,[3] and the small Arlington music store had none available, he settled for the cornet. A neighbor gave him some help on how to play, while his father, tobacco in mouth, instructed him to spit out the notes like spitting tobacco. His mother threatened to spank him if he didn't practice.[4]

Severinsen proved to have a knack for the instrument, and was in a high school band when he was seven. At 9, he won a state trumpet contest, at 13, he joined a multi-state all-star band and, at 14, he auditioned for Tommy Dorsey but wasn't hired. He started a quartet called the Blue Notes that performed at local dances.[4]

Before graduating from high school, he was hired to go on the road with the Ted Fio Rito Orchestra.[4] After graduation, he went on tour with Charlie Barnet, Tommy Dorsey, and Benny Goodman.[2] He served in the Army during World War II.[3] Severinsen was a member of Sam Donahue's band between 1946 and 1951. In 1946, he played trumpet on radio station KODL.[5]

The Tonight Show and other television appearances Edit

In 1949, Severinsen landed a job as a studio musician for NBC, where he accompanied Steve Allen, Eddie Fisher, Dinah Shore, and Kate Smith, and was a member of the original band for Tonight Starring Steve Allen, and was the soloist playing the closing theme. He left the show with Allen in 1957.[4] The leader of The Tonight Show Band, Skitch Henderson, asked him to return as first-chair trumpeter in 1962 for what had become The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, and five years later Severinsen was leading the band.[3]

Under Severinsen's direction, The Tonight Show Band, styled the NBC Orchestra, became perhaps the best known big band in America.[6] Severinsen became one of the most popular bandleaders, appearing almost every night on television. He led the band during commercials and while guests were introduced. He joked with Johnny Carson, the show's host, and developed an amusing habit of wearing gaudy clothing.[2]

The show introduced a comic "Stump the Band" segment in which audience members called out the titles of obscure songs to see if the band could play them. Severinsen often cried "key of E", his signal for the band to strike up a western theme, and then he would enthusiastically sing a country music-flavored nonsense song.

Severinsen substituted for Ed McMahon on occasions when Ed was absent as Carson's announcer and sidekick. He typically assumed this role when the show featured a guest host, which became increasingly frequent during the program's later years. Tommy Newsom was usually the band's substitute director when Severinsen was away from the show or filling in for McMahon. The sidekick role was omitted from the show when Leno guest hosted (it was discontinued altogether after Leno replaced Carson permanently). While Leno guest hosted for Carson, Severinsen typically introduced Leno and led the band while interacting with Leno in a similar manner to his interactions with Carson and McMahon.

Doc continued as bandleader until Carson's retirement in May, 1992. Doc, along with Tommy Newsom and Ed Shaughnessy appeared on 31 January 2005 episode of Late Show with David Letterman performing Here's That Rainy Day in honor of Johnny Carson who died on 23 January the same year. He appeared on Jimmy Fallon's Tonight Show in February 2015 when the show traveled to Los Angeles for a week. He played for the evening with The Roots. The appearance helped to promote his nationwide tour.

Through the 1970s to the 1990s Severinsen also made appearances on Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, Bonanza, The Bionic Woman, Cheers and The Larry Sanders Show, among others.

Recording career Edit

During the early 1960s, Severinsen began recording big band albums, then moved toward instrumental pop music by the end of the decade. In the 1970s he recorded jazz funk, then disco, finding hits with "Night Journey" and "I Wanna Be With You". He released an album with the jazz fusion group Xebron in 1985. During the next year, he recorded The Tonight Show Band with Doc Severinsen which won the Grammy Award for Best Large Jazz Ensemble Performance. After Carson retired in 1992, he toured with some of the band's members, including Conte Candoli, Snooky Young, Bill Perkins, Ernie Watts, Ross Tompkins, and Ed Shaughnessy.[2]

Severinsen performed with high school bands, in particular in the 1970s with Don Caneva's John Hersey High School Bands, which recorded four albums.[7][8][9]

He performed the "Star-Spangled Banner" on at least three nationally telecast occasions; however, the first two renditions were marred by problems. When he accompanied actor Pat O'Brien, as O'Brien recited the National Anthem at Super Bowl IV, the public address system at Tulane Stadium went dead for a minute, although viewers were unaware of it. Fifteen years later, when he performed the anthem again prior to the Marvin Hagler vs. Thomas Hearns fight, a giant US flag on the side of the Fantasy Tower at Caesar's Palace overlooking the outdoor ring was not unfurled properly due to problems with the roping. He performed the anthem again, as well as "O Canada", at the 1989 Major League Baseball All-Star Game in Anaheim, California. With the game being played in the Los Angeles television and radio market, he was accompanied by the Tonight Show band. As of 2020, Severinsen and the NBC Orchestra's performance remains the most recent non-vocal rendition of the national anthem at the Midsummer Classic.

Severinsen is credited for co-writing the hit song "Stop and Smell the Roses" with Mac Davis, although both parties agree that Severinsen only came up with the title.[10]

Conducting and teaching Edit

Doc Severinsen in 2009

Severinsen was the principal pops conductor for several American orchestras during and after his time on The Tonight Show. His first position was with the Phoenix Symphony in 1983.[11] He then held similar positions with the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, and Minnesota Orchestra.[2]

He retired from conducting in 2007 and was named Pops Conductor Emeritus in Milwaukee[12] and Pops Conductor Laureate in Minnesota.[13] Severinsen was also named distinguished visiting professor of music and Katherine K. Herberger Heritage Chair for Visiting Artists at Arizona State University School of Music in 2001 and 2002.[14]

In 2014, he was inducted into the Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame.[15]

Severinsen performed his final concert, accompanied by his San Miguel 5 group, on September 1, 2022, in Saratoga Springs, New York.[16]

Personal life Edit

Severinsen with daughter Nancy, in 1974. Nancy was part of a vocal group called "Today's Children" which often performed with him.

Severinsen married Jane Simpson Frazer on June 23, 1949. They had four children. They divorced. He next married Evonne Nyman on August 7, 1964. They had one child and were divorced in 1976.

In 1980, he married Emily Marshall (d. 2023), who was a television writer and producer, and is an on-camera subject in a PBS documentary produced by American Masters titled, Never Too Late: The Doc Severinsen Story, that premiered April 2, 2021.[17][18] They met when she was working as a secretary for The Tonight Show producer Fred de Cordova.[19] They divorced in 2006.

Severinsen's children are Nancy, Cindy, Allen, Robin, and Judy. He has eight grandchildren, including Blaire and Gray Reinhard, who write and perform roots rock music together in various incarnations as Curtis & Reinhard and the Blaire Reinhard Band.[20] Severinsen has been quoted as saying that he has been married four times.[21]

Severinsen's current partner, Cathy Leach, is a professor emerita of trumpet at the University of Tennessee.[17]

Discography Edit

  • A String of Trumpets (Everest, 1960) with Billy Mure
  • Tempestuous Trumpet (Command, 1961)
  • The Big Band's Back in Town (Command, 1962)
  • Torch Songs for Trumpet (Command, 1963)[22]
  • High, Wide & Wonderful (Command, 1965)
  • Fever! (Command, 1966) (Pop No. 147)
  • Command Performances (Command, 1966) (Pop No. 133)
  • Live!: The Doc Severinsen Sextet (Command, 1967)
  • Swinging & Singing (Command, 1967)
  • The New Sound of Today's Big Band (Command, 1967)
  • The Great Arrival (Command, 1968)
  • Doc Severinsen & Strings (Command, 1968)
  • Doc Severinsen's Closet (Command, 1970)
  • Brass Roots (RCA Victor, 1971) (Pop No. 185)
  • Brass on Ivory (RCA Victor, 1972) (Pop No. 74) with Henry Mancini
  • Doc (RCA Victor, 1972)
  • Brass, Ivory & Strings (RCA Victor, 1973) (Pop No. 185) with Henry Mancini
  • Rhapsody for Now! (RCA Victor, 1973)
  • Trumpets & Crumpets & Things (ABC, 1973)
  • Night Journey (Epic, 1976) (Pop No. 189)
  • Brand New Thing (Epic, 1977)
  • Live from Beautiful Downtown Burbank Tommy Newsom Featuring Doc Severinsen (Direct Disk Labs, 1978)
  • Doc Severinsen and Friends (Everest, 1978)
  • London Sessions (Firstline, 1980)
  • Seductive Strings Featuring Doc Severinsen (Bainbridge, 1980)
  • Doc Severinsen Plays Modern Trumpet Concertos (Firstline, 1981)
  • And Xebron (Passport, 1985)
  • Episodes (Pro-Arte, 1986)
  • Ja-Da (MCA, 1986)
  • The Tonight Show Band with Doc Severinsen (Amherst, 1986) (Pop No. 65)
  • The Tonight Show Band with Doc Severinsen, Vol. II (Amherst, 1988)
  • Facets (Amherst, 1988)
  • The Big Band Hit Parade (Telarc, 1989)
  • Trumpet Spectacular (Telarc, 1990)
  • Once More...With Feeling! (Amherst, 1991)
  • Merry Christmas from Doc Severinsen and The Tonight Show Orchestra (Amherst, 1991) (Pop No. 171)
  • Unforgettably Doc (Telarc, 1992)
  • Good Medicine (Bluebird/RCA, 1992)
  • Lullabies and Goodnight (Critique, 1992)
  • Two Sides of Doc Severinsen (The Right Stuff, 1993)
  • Swingin' the Blues (Azica, 1999)
  • El Ritmo De La Vida (Tejate, 2009) with Gil Gutierrez and Pedro Cartas
  • En Mi Corazon (Tejate, 2010) with Gil Gutierrez and Pedro Cartas
  • From the Archives (Essential Media Group, 2012)
  • Oblivion (CD Baby, 2014)[23]

As sideman Edit

With Chris Connor

  • 1959 Witchcraft
  • 1961 Chris Connor Sings the George Gershwin Almanac of Song

With Urbie Green

With Skitch Henderson and "The Tonight Show" Orchestra

  • 1964 Skitch...Tonight! [24]
  • 1965 More Skitch Tonight! [25]

With Gerry Mulligan

With Tito Puente

  • 1957 Night Beat
  • 1957 Top Percussion
  • 1960 Tambó

With others

References Edit

  1. ^ "Doc Severinsen profile". Retrieved October 26, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Huey, Steve. "Doc Severinsen". AllMusic. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "Bio". Doc Severinsen. Retrieved December 30, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d Jackovich, Karen (July 13, 1981). "It's a Long Day's Journey from 'Tonight' When Doc Severinsen Comes Home to Oregon". People. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  5. ^ "About Us". RadioFreshing KODL. Archived from the original on June 27, 2009. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
  6. ^ "Flash". SPIN. SPIN Media. June 1992. p. 17. ISSN 0886-3032.
  7. ^ Daday, Eileen O. (August 11, 2008). "Ex-Hersey band director remembered". Daily Herald. Chicago, IL. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  8. ^ "Obituaries, "Don Ernest Caneva"". U-T San Diego. September 8, 2008. Archived from the original on June 21, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  9. ^ Gonzalez, Blanca (September 16, 2008). "Don Caneva; third-generation band director had music in his blood". U-T San Diego. Archived from the original on November 10, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  10. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of No. 1 Adult Contemporary Hits. Billboard Publications. ISBN 0823076938.
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra". Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  13. ^ "News: Doc Severinsen to Step Down as Minnesota Orchestra's Pops Conductor". 2006-07-15. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  14. ^ ASU HCFA SOM | e-Notes | Severinsen in concert Archived September 4, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "3 new inductees to Scandinavian-American Hall". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 5, 2016.
  16. ^ Freedman, Geraldine (August 25, 2022). "Doc's last show: Severinsen, 95, to play at Universal Preservation Hall in Saratoga Springs with San Miguel 5". The Daily Gazette. Retrieved September 2, 2022.
  17. ^ a b "Doc Severinsen Recalls High Notes, Low Notes and Everything in Between". The New York Times. 2021-03-28. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  18. ^ "Never Too Late: The Doc Severinsen Story". American Masters. Season 35. Episode 4. March 8, 2021. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  19. ^ Sheff, Vicki (1988-12-19). "Doc Severinsen Finds His Key, and It's Writer Emily Marshall". Retrieved 2011-10-26.
  20. ^ "Doc Severinsen". Doc Severinsen. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
  21. ^ Turner, Brett (2011-01-10). "News". Doc Severinsen. Retrieved 2021-04-03.
  22. ^ Harold, Chuck. "Platter Patter: Album Recalls Kennedy's Death", The St. Petersburg Evening Independent. December 21, 1963. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  23. ^ "Doc Severinsen | Album Discography | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  24. ^ Skitch Henderson, liner notes to Columbia LP, CL 2367.
  25. ^ Mort Goode, liner notes to Columbia LP, CL 2450.
  26. ^ "Doc Severinsen | Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved October 5, 2017.

External links Edit

Media offices
Preceded by The Tonight Show bandleader
Succeeded by