District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands
The District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands (in case citations, D. N. Mar. I.) is a federal territorial court whose jurisdiction comprises the United States-affiliated Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). It was established by Act of Congress in 1977, pursuant to an international agreement between the United States and the CNMI that brought the CNMI under United States sovereignty. The court began hearing cases in January 1978. The court regularly sits in Saipan but may sit elsewhere in the CNMI. The court has the same jurisdiction as United States District Courts, including diversity jurisdiction and bankruptcy jurisdiction. However, the District Court is not actually a true (i.e., Article III) U.S. District Court, and because of that its judge is appointed for a 10-year term instead of for life. Appeals are taken to the Ninth Circuit.
|District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands|
|(D. N. Mar. I.)|
|Appeals to||Ninth Circuit|
|Authority||Article IV tribunal|
|Created by||48 U.S.C. §§ 1821–1826|
|Composition method||Presidential nomination|
with Senate advice and consent
|Judge term length||10 years (and until successor is chosen and qualified)|
|Chief Judge||Ramona V. Manglona|
The United States is represented in civil and criminal litigation in the court by the United States Attorney's Office for the District of the Northern Mariana Islands.
The first District Judge appointed was Alfred Laureta, who served from 1978 until 1988. His successor, Alex R. Munson, was nominated by President Ronald Reagan, and confirmed by the Senate in 1988. Munson was nominated for a second ten-year term by President Bill Clinton and was confirmed by the Senate in 1998. He took senior status effective February 28, 2010. On January 26, 2011, President Obama nominated Ramona Villagomez Manglona to be Judge for the District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands for a term of ten years. The U.S. Senate confirmed her nomination by voice vote on July 26, 2011 and she received her commission on July 29, 2011. If not reappointed, her term will end on July 28, 2021, or thereafter when her successor is chosen and qualified.
As of July 29, 2011[update]:
|#||Title||Judge||Duty station||Born||Term of service||Appointed by|
|3||Chief Judge||Ramona Villagomez Manglona||Saipan||1967||2011–present||2011–present||—||Obama|
|2||Senior Judge||Alex R. Munson||inactive||1941||1988–2011||1988–2011||2011–present||Reagan|
|#||Judge||State||Born–died||Active service||Chief Judge||Senior status||Appointed by||Reason for|
|1||Alfred Laureta||MP||1924–2020||1978–1988||1978–1988||—||Carter||Expiration of term|
- "48 U.S. Code § 1821(b)(1)". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved November 15, 2020.
- "48 U.S. Code § 1821 - District Court for the Northern Mariana Islands". Legal Information Institute. Cornell Law School. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
- Ferdie de la Torre (December 2, 2009). "Munson tells Obama he is retiring in Feb". Saipan Tribune. Archived from the original on December 20, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2010.
- Saipan Tribune Archived June 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "District Court honors former Chief Judge Alex Munson". www.postguam.com. Retrieved February 28, 2020.