Dissociative Experiences Scale
The Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) is a psychological self-assessment questionnaire that measures dissociative symptoms. It contains twenty-eight questions and returns an overall score as well as four sub-scale results. DES is intended to be a screening test, since only 17% of patients with scores over 30 will be diagnosed with having Dissociative Identity Disorder. Patients with lower scores above normal may have other post-traumatic conditions.
The DES-II contains the same questions but with a different response scale.
- Bernstein EM, Putnam FW (1986). "Development, reliability, and validity of a dissociation scale". J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. 174 (12): 727–35. doi:10.1097/00005053-198612000-00004. PMID 3783140.
- "Dissociative Experiences Scale". Archived from the original on 2009-03-24. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- "The University of Adelaide Library – Psychiatric Rating Scales and Diagnostic Aids". Archived from the original on 2009-02-27. Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- Bernstein, EVE M.; Putnam, Frank W. (1986). "Development, Reliability, and Validity of a Dissociation Scale". The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 174 (12): 727–735. doi:10.1097/00005053-198612000-00004.
- "Dissociative Experiences Scale". Retrieved 2009-03-26.
- "The University of Adelaide Library – Psychiatric Rating Scales and Diagnostic Aids". Retrieved 2009-03-26.