Diocese of Sigtuna

The Diocese of Sigtuna was a Catholic diocese founded in Sigtuna, Sweden, established in the mid 11th century. At the time, the town of Sigtuna, situated to the north of lake Mälaren and to the south of Uppsala in the Swedish province of Uppland, had been the centre of royal power for some decades, and existed until the middle of the 12th century. It was eventually out-competed by the earlier pagan religious centre Gamla Uppsala (Old Uppsala), which was raised to the status of archbishopric in 1164 (see: Archdiocese of Uppsala). King Stenkil (about 1030-1066) is said to have been the driving force behind its establishment. First bishop is said to have been Adalvard the Younger (died before 1072).

Diocese of Diocese of Sigtuna

Sigtuna stift
Church Sigtuna.JPG
Ruins of the Church of Saint Peter in Sigtuna.
Location
CountrySweden
HeadquartersSigtuna, Uppland
Information
DenominationCatholic Church
RiteRoman Rite
EstablishedCa 1060s
Dissolved13th century

Five Sigtuna bishops are known from written sources, four diocesan bishops, but it seems that apart from Adalvard most were not stationed in Sigtuna and episcopal Sigtuna was mostly unoccupied. Approximately in 1120, the Diocese of Sigtuna was indicated but not of that of Uppsala.[1] Uppsala diocese was formed, however, in the 1130s while Sigtuna ceased to have its own bishop. The Diocese of Sigtuna formally ceased at latest when the Diocese of Uppsala was elevated to archbishopric in 1164.

HistoryEdit

In the middle of town Sigtuna there was a royal estate on which the first stone church in the area around lake Mälaren was built in the end of the 11th century. The bishopric of Sigtuna was established with Adalvard the Younger around 1060, as the first one in Svealand. The above-mentioned stone church was the bishop's church, the cathedral. It was demolished during the high Middle Ages, but the remains of the walls are preserved below ground. The plot is now occupied by the Sigtuna Museum. The contemporary significance of the town was testified by Adam of Bremen, who in circa 1070 refers to Sigtuna as a "civitas magna".[2]

During the early Middle Ages no less than six or seven stone churches were erected with surrounding cemeteries. All but the cathedral was laid along a newly built street outside the old settlement area. Of these churches, only remnants of the churches of Saint Peter, Saint Lawrence and Saint Olaf remain left as ruins. Of the other ones, nothing appears above ground.

King Gustav I of Sweden allowed to use the stones from the ruins for the construction of Svartsjö Palace. In contrast, King John III of Sweden later commanded the ruins to be preserved.[3]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Florenslistan över den kyrkliga stiftsindelningen i Norden cirka 1120
  2. ^ Swedish encyclopaedia, tapes 25 cr. 1091 (Sigtuna)
  3. ^ NH Sjöborg, Collections of the Nordic region's ancient lover, I-III, 1822-1830 . The publishing Rediviva: Stockholm, 1978, p. 28
  • Nordisk familjebok, 2nd ed., vol. 25 (1917), col. 454 f
  • http://www.ne.se/lang/uppsala-stift
  • "Sigtuna". Nordisk familjebok (2nd ed.). 1917 – via Project Runeberg.

Further readingEdit

  • Hedberg, B. 2007. Uppsala stifts herdaminne. Från missionstid till år 1366. Band IV:1. Stiftshistoriska kommittén i Uppsala.
  • Hallencreutz, C. F. 2001. Vem var den gårfulle Sigtunabiskopen? Det stiftshistoriska perspektivet. – I: Tesch, S & Edberg, R. (red.), Biskopen i museets trädgård. En arkeologisk gåta. Sigtuna Museers skriftserie 9.
  • Adam av Bremen. Historien om Hamburgstiftets och dess biskopar. Proprius förlag 1984. Med kommentarer av bl a Carl Fredrik Hallencreutz.