Roman Catholic Diocese of Senigallia
The Diocese of Senigallia (Latin: Dioecesis Senogalliensis) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in the Marche, Italy. It has existed since the sixth century. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Ancona-Osimo.
Diocese of Senigallia
Cathedral of Senigallia
|Area||580 km2 (220 sq mi)|
|(as of 2017)|
|Cathedral||Basilica Cattedrale di S. Pietro Apostolo|
|Secular priests||65 (diocesan)|
10 (religious Orders)
15 Permanent Deacons
|Bishops emeritus||Odo Fusi Pecci|
The patron saint of Senigallia is a St. Paulinus, whose remains are said to be preserved in the cathedral (as is attested for the first time in 1397). There is no evidence that he was ever a bishop. He is, therefore, not identical with Paulinus of Nola, nor is it known to what epoch he belongs. The first bishop of certain date was Venantius (502).
In the 1050s, the bishop of Fossombrone complained to Pope Victor II (1054–1057) about the poverty of his diocese. In reply the pope granted him the church of S. Giovanni in Sorbitulo, with all of its property and income, as well as spiritual jurisdiction. The grant was immediately contested by Guglielmo, Bishop of Senigallia, and the litigation continued until 15 May 1070, when it was settled in favor of Fossombrone by Pope Alexander II, who confirmed the transfer of the church of S. Giovanni as well as the other churches in the massa Sorbituli. Senigallia therefore lost a not inconsiderable territory and income.
In 1264, King Manfred of Sicily, the son of the Emperor Frederick II, was fighting against a "Crusade" organized by Pope Urban IV and the son of King Louis VIII of France, Charles of Anjou, to overthrow him. To assist him he brought in Saracen troops from south Italy and north Africa. Under the command of Percivalle Doria, these joined with the Ghibbelines of Senigallia in furious fighting and acts of revenge which left the city of Senigallia and all of its larger buildings in ruins. Bishop Jacopo rebuilt the cathedral which had been destroyed by the troops of King Manfred. It was consecrated by Bishop Filippo on 4 May 1271.
Schism of 1328–1330Edit
In 1328, Senigallia became involved in the fourteen-year-long feud between Pope John XXII, who had supported Frederick von Hohenstaufen for the dignity of Holy Roman Emperor, and Louis of Bavaria, who defeated Frederick in war and successfully claimed the dignity. In vengeance, Pope John excommunicated him, and harassed him and his followers. In 1327, the Emperor Louis IV visited Italy, where he was crowned King of Italy at Milan on 31 May 1327. That winter he visited Rome, where he was recognized as Emperor and crowned on 17 January 1328, with the staunch and vocal opposition of the Guelph party. The Pope pronounced the coronation void, excommunicated Louis again, and ordered a Crusade against him. Louis replied by holding a parliament on 14 April and on 18 April, and had the Pope declared a heretic and deposed. A new pope was elected, the Franciscan Pietro Rinalducci (Rainalducci), who was called Nicholas V.
Nicholas and Louis began to take over the Church in Rome, central and northern Italy, and in Bavaria. Nicholas appointed seven cardinals, and attracted the bishops of Milano, Cremona, Como, Ferrara, Savona, Albenga, Genoa, Pisa, Lucca, Pistoia, Volterra, Arezzo, Borgo Sansepolcro, Bologna, Città di Castello, Viterbo, Todi, Bagnorea, Camerino, Osimo, Fermo, Urbino, Jesi, Fabriano, and Matelica to his schism. He also appointed new bishops for Osimo (Conradus Theutonicus, O.E.S.A.), Fermo (Vitalis of Urbino, O.Min.), and Senigallia (Thomas de Rocca of Matelica, O.E.S.A.).
To counter the schismatic advances in the March of Ancona, Pope John XXII, who had transferred Bishop Frederick of Senigallia to the diocese of Rimini (21 October 1328), on 7 November 1328 promoted the Franciscan, Giovanni of Ancona, the papal Inquisitor in the Marches of Ancona, to the diocese of Senigallia. In addition, in a letter of 25 January 1329, the Pope continued Bishop Giovanni in his office of Inquisitor of the March of Ancona, authorizing his powers to extend far beyond the diocese of Senigallia. The schism began to dissipate with the departure of Louis IV for Germany in April 1329, and then the surrender of Nicholas V to papal authorities in August 1330.
From time immemorial, the bishops of Senigallia had been directly subordinate (suffragans) of the Holy See (Papacy), with no supervisory archbishop intervening. But in 1563 the situation was altered. In his bull Super universas of 4 June 1563, Pope Pius IV reorganized the administration of the territories of the March of Ancona by creating a new archbishopric by elevating the bishop and diocese of Urbino. He created the new ecclesiastical province of Urbino, which was to include the dioceses of Cagli, Pesaro, Fossombrone, Montefeltro, Gubbio, and Senigallia.
From 1563 to 2000, therefore, the diocese of Senigallia was a suffragan of the archdiocese of Urbino. On 11 March 2000, by virtue of the Bull Quo maiori, Pope John Paul II created the new ecclesiastical province of Ancona-Osimo, and assigned it the dioceses of Fabriano-Matelica, Jesi, Loreto, and Senigallia
Cathedral and ChapterEdit
In 1417, galleys and troops supplied by Galeazzo Malatesta of Pesaro and Carlo Malatesta of Rimini attacked Senigallia, as part of their plan to dominate the entire March of Ancona, and, with intermissions, held it under their control.
Under Bishop Antonio Colombella (1447–1466), Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, lord of Senigallia and Rimini, made major efforts to improve the fortifications of the city of Senigallia, beginning in 1453. This involved the destruction of some properties belonging to the bishop in order to construct towers at appropriate strategic places, over which Bishop Colombella refused to compromise or cooperate. The flash-point was reached in 1456, when the Tower of S. Bartolomeo was begun opposite the episcopal palace. Angered by the Bishop's resistance, Malatesta caused the cathedral and the episcopal palace to be demolished. The precious materials were transported to Rimini and were used in the construction of the Tempio Malatestiano (San Francesco). Discussions in Rome following these events suggested that the diocese of Senigallia be united with the diocese of Jesi, but they never progressed beyond talk. Without a proper cathedral, Bishop Marco Vigerio della Rovere (1513–1560) moved his seat to the church called the Prepositura, where regular cathedral services, abandoned for a half century, were resumed.
A new cathedral was begun in 1540 under Bishop Marco Vigerio Della Rovere; it was consecrated in 1595 by Bishop Pietro Ridolfi (1591–1601). In 1682, when Senigallia was under the direct temporal dominion of the Holy See (Papacy), the cathedral of S. Pietro was served by a Chapter composed of three dignities and seventeen Canons. The dignities were: the Archpriest, the Provost, and the Archdeacon. The eight senior Canons were called the Antiqui, and were alternately appointed by the pope and the bishop when a vacancy occurred. Two other Canons were de jure Patronatus, and were appointed by the persons holding the right of patronage. The remaining ten, called Locatelli, were elected by the Council and Senate of the city, from the members of the nobility. On the cathedral staff there were also six mansionarii, elected likewise by the Council and Senate.
A diocesan synod was an irregularly held, but important, meeting of the bishop of a diocese and his clergy. Its purpose was (1) to proclaim generally the various decrees already issued by the bishop; (2) to discuss and ratify measures on which the bishop chose to consult with his clergy; (3) to publish statutes and decrees of the diocesan synod, of the provincial synod, and of the Holy See.
Bishop Pietro Ridolfi (1591–1601) presided over a diocesan synod held in the cathedral on 4 May 1591; its decrees were published.
Bishop Antonio Barberini (1625–1628) held a diocesan synod in Senigallia in 1627. The constitutions of that synod were republished and amplified by Bishop Rizzardo Isolani (1734–1742) in his diocesan synod of 29 June 1737.
Bishops of SenigalliaEdit
- Venantius (attested 502)
- Mauro (attested 649)
- Samuel (attested 853)
- Articarius (attested 861)
- Ororius (Oirannus, Giranus)
- Beneventus (or Benvenutus) (attested 887)
- Atto (attested 968, 996)
- Adelbertus (attested 1028, 1036)
- Robertus (attested 1053)
- Theotius ? (attested 1059)
- Guinihidus (attested 1065, 1068, 1069)
- Guilelmus (attested 1070)
- Atto (attested June 1115/1116)
- Trasimundus (attested 1137, 1154)
- Jacobus (attested 1179)
from 1200 to 1500Edit
- Trasmundus (attested 1218)
- Benno (attested 1223)
- Jacobus (attested 1232, 1270)
- Philippus, O.E.S.A. (attested 1271)
- J. (attested 1276)
- Fredericus (1284–1288)
- Trasmundus (1288–1291)
- Theodinus (1291–1294)
- Franciscus, O.Min. (1294–1295)
- Franciscus (1295–1297)
- Huguitio (Uguccio), O.P. (1297–c. 1305)
- Franciscus (1318–1321)
- Hugolinus (1321–1323)
- Fredericus (1323–1328)
- Joannes de Ancona, O.Min. (1328–1349)
- Hugolinus (Federicucci) (1349–1357)
- Joannes de Panaeis, 0. Min. (1357–1368)
- Christophorus de Regio, O.E.S.A. (1368–1370)
- Radulfus de Castello, O.E.S.A. (1370–1375)
- Pierre Amelii, O.E.S.A. (1375–1386)
- Joannes Firmani (1388–1394)
- Joannes (Faetani ?) (1394–1412)
- Lorenzo Ricci (1412–1419)
from 1500 to 1800Edit
- Marco Quinto Vigerio della Rovere (1513–1560)
- Urbano Vigerio della Rovere (1560–1570)
- Girolamo Rusticucci (16 Jun 1570 – 1577 Resigned)
- Francesco Maria Enrici (1577–1590)
- Pietro Ridolfi O.F.M. Conv. (18 Feb 1591 – 18 May 1601 Died)
- Antaldo degli Antaldi (26 Nov 1601 – 9 Jan 1625 Died)
- Cardinal Antonio Barberini (seniore), O.F.M. Cap. (26 Jan 1625 –1628)
- Lorenzo Campeggi (1628–1639)
- Sede vacante (1639–1643)
- Cardinal Cesare Facchinetti (1643–1655)
- Francesco Cherubini (2 Aug 1655 – 24 Apr 1656 Died)
- Nicolò Guidi di Bagno (1657–1659)
- Claudio Marazzani (1 Sep 1659 – 25 Feb 1682 Died)
- Ranuccio Baschi (1682–1684)
- Muzio Dandini (1686–1712)
- Cardinal Giandomenico Paracciani (9 Jul 1714 – 18 Nov 1717 Resigned)
- Cardinal Lodovico Pico Della Mirandola (22 Nov 1717 – 10 Sep 1724 Resigned)
- Bartolomeo Castelli (11 Sep 1724 – 31 Dec 1733 Died)
- Rizzardo Isolani (5 May 1734 – 2 Jan 1742 Died)
- Nicola Manciforte (28 Feb 1742 –1746)
- Ippolito de Rossi (17 Jan 1746 – 21 Aug 1775 Died)
- Bernardino Honorati (28 Jul 1777 – 12 Aug 1807 Died)
- Giulio Gabrielli (11 Jan 1808 – 5 Feb 1816 Resigned)
- Annibale della Genga (8 Mar 1816 – 10 Sep 1816 Resigned)
- Fabrizio Sceberras Testaferrata (6 Apr 1818 – 3 Aug 1843 Died)
- Antonio Maria Cagiano de Azevedo (22 Jan 1844 – 18 Jul 1848 Resigned)
- Domenico Lucciardi (5 Sep 1851 – 13 Mar 1864 Died)
- Giuseppe Aggarbati, O.S.A. (22 Feb 1867 – 29 Apr 1879 Resigned)
- Francesco Latoni (12 May 1879 – 7 Jul 1880 Died)
- Ignazio Bartoli (20 Aug 1880 – 17 Oct 1895 Died)
- Giulio Boschi (29 Nov 1895 – 19 Apr 1900 Appointed Archbishop of Ferrara)
- Tito Maria Cucchi (19 Apr 1900 – 8 Sep 1938 Died)
- Umberto Ravetta (14 Nov 1938 – 20 Jan 1965 Died)
- Odo Fusi Pecci (15 Jul 1971 – 21 Jan 1997 Retired)
- Giuseppe Orlandoni (21 Jan 1997 – 17 Oct 2015 Retired)
- Francesco Manenti (17 Oct 2015 – )
- "Diocese of Senigallia" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
- "Diocese of Senigallia" GCatholic.org.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
- Lanzoni, p. 492.
- Kehr, p. 216. Beware the imaginative reconstruction of Cappelletti, pp. 382-384, with its incorrect dates and reliance on a connection to a letter of Peter Damiani.
- Siena, pp. 103-104.
- Cappelletti, p. 392.
- Ferdinand Gregorovius; tr. Annie Hamilton (1906). History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages. Vol. VI. Part I. London: G. Bell. pp. 133–148, 152–156.
- G. Mollat, Les papes d'Avignon 2nd ed. (Paris: Victor Lecoffre 1912), p. 214. Amedeo De Vincentiis, "Niccolò V, antipapa," Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani Volume 78 (2013). (in Italian)
- Giovanni Giacinto Sbaraglia (1898). Bullarium Franciscanum Romanorum Pontificum: constitutiones, epistolas, ac diplomata continens (in Latin). Tomus quintus. Roma: Typis Sacrae Congregationis de Propaganda Fide. pp. 372, no. 763. Luca Wadding (1733). Joseph Fonseca de Ebora (ed.). Annales Minorum Seu Trium Ordinum A S. Francisco Institutorum (in Latin). Tomus Septimus (secunda ed.). Typis Rochi Bernabò. p. 104. Cappelletti, p. 394.
- Eubel, I, p. 107.
- Bullarium Franciscanum. Tomus quintus. pp. 372, nos. 762–763. Wadding, p. 104. The diocese of Rimini had fallen vacant with the death of Bishop Girolamo in March, 1328. Eubel, I, pp. 107, 447.
- He died in Avignon on 16 October 1333. Amedeo De Vincentiis, "Niccolò V, antipapa," Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani Volume 78 (2013). (in Italian)
- Cappelletti, pp. 206-208, quotes the full bull. The bishops of those dioceses (except the Bishop of Gubbio, who objected) took their oaths to their new Metropolitan, the Archbishop of Urbino, on 4 July and 12 July: Cappelletti, pp. 208-209.
- John Paul II, "Quo maiori", Acta Apostolicae Sedis 92 (Città del Vaticano 2000), pp. 568-569.
- Siena, pp. 128-130.
- Siena, pp. 135-139. Cappelletti, pp. 395-396.
- Cappelletti, p. 396.
- Siena, p. 241. Cappelletti, p. 397.
- Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica V, p. 353 note 1.
- Ughelli, II, p. 866 (addition by Coleti).
- Benedictus XIV (1842). "Lib. I. caput secundum. De Synodi Dioecesanae utilitate". Benedicti XIV ... De Synodo dioecesana libri tredecim (in Latin). Tomus primus. Mechlin: Hanicq. pp. 42–49.
- Constitutiones et decreta synodalia ab ill. et rev. D. F. Petro Rodulphio Tossignan. episcopo senogallien. et comite, condita, in diocesana prima synodo habita Senogalliae in cathedrali ecclesia s. Paulini ipso die festo ejusdem sancti IIII non. maii anni MDXCI (Romae: Gabiana 1591). (in Latin)
- Antonio Barberino (1627). Synodus Dioecesis Senogalliensis, Seu Constitutiones et Decreta Synodalia ab Antonio Barberino, Episcopo Senogalliense in Synodo habita anno 1627 (in Latin). Roma: Typogr. Camerae apostolicae.
- Synodus Senogalliensis habita anno 1627 restituta confirmata etc. et decreta ab Rizzardo Isolano cum decretis aliquibus additis in sua Synoda celebrata die 29. Junii 1737. J. Zemperl. 1737.
- Venantius attended the Roman synod of Pope Symmachus in November 502. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus VIII (Florence: A. Zatta 1762), p. 300. Lanzoni, p. 492.
- The local legend of Bishop Bonifacius, filled with anachronisms, is rejected totally by Lanzoni, pp. 492-493: "se il nome di Bonifatius è autentico, la storia che gli viene attribuita dagli scrittori locali è priva di serio fondamento." Cf. Siena, pp. 212-213.
- The local legend is tainted by anachronisms and unlikely details. It is rejected by Lanzoni, p. 493, who points out that the name Sigismundus is Burgundian and, in the 6th century, suspect: "il nome di Sigismundus, certamente borgognone, in un prelato della Media Italia del secolo vi, è più che sospetto." Cf. Siena, p. 213.
- Bishop Mauro was present at the Roman synod of Pope Martin I in 649. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus X (Florence: A. Zatta 1764), p. 866.
- Bishop Anastasius was present at a Roman synod of Pope Paul I in 761. Cesare Baronio (1867). Augustinus Theiner (ed.). Annales ecclesiastici denuo excusi et ad nostra usque tempora perducti (in Latin). Tomus duodecimus (12). Barri-Ducis: L. Guerin. p. 647.
- Georgius: Cappelletti, p. 381. Gams, p. 726 column 1.
- In 1856, a sepulchral urn was found with the inscription: CORP.AND.EP.SEN. On paleographical grounds, the lettering is said to be of the 8th century. Cappelletti, III, p. 381.
- Bishop Paulinus attended the Roman synod of Pope Eugene II of 15 November 826. Ughelli, p. 867. Cappelletti, p. 381. Gams, p. 726 column 1. J. D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XIV (Venice: A. Zatta 1769), p. 999.
- Bishop Samuel attended the Roman synod of Pope Leo IV in 853. Mansi, Tomus XIV, p. 1020.
- Bishop Articarius attended the Roman synod of Pope Nicholas I in 853. Mansi, Tomus XV, p. 602. Siena, pp. 213-214.
- Oirannus was sent as legatus a latere by Pope Stephen III to France in 885 to correct a number of disorders in the episcopate. Flodoard, Historia Ecclesiae Remensis Book IV, chapter 1, in: J.-P. Migne (editor), Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CXXXV (Paris 1853), p. 264.
- In the presence of the Emperor Charles the Bald, Bishop Beneventus subscribed a grant of Bishop Theodosius of Fermo to the monastery of Santa Croce. Ughelli, p. 867. Siena, p. 215. Cappelletti, p. 382.
- Bishop Atto subscribed a privilege of Pope John XIII on 2 January 968. He was present at a council of Otto III in May 996. Cappelletti, p. 382. Schwartz, p. 253.
- On 2 November 1036, Bishop Adalbertus was present at the synod of Pope Benedict IX. Cappelletti, p. 382. Schwartz, p. 253.
- On 14 March 1053 Bishop Rodbertus took part in the consecration of Enrico Archbishop of Ravenna at Rimini by Pope Leo IX. Cappelletti, p. 382. Schwartz, p. 253.
- This bishop attended the Roman synod of Pope Nicholas II in 1059. The manuscripts variously report his signature as: Theotius, Theodicus, and Visodonius. Mansi, Tomus XIX, pp. 912, 913, 919. Ughelli, p. 867, called him Theodosius, and identified him with the recipient of a letter of Peter Damian; but in note 2, Coleti corrects Ughelli and opts for the name Visidonius. Siena, pp. 215-216, calls him Theodosius, and makes Visidonius the bishop who attended the Roman synod of 1059 (making Theotius or Theodosius die in 1058, on no evidence whatever), thereby producing two bishops out of one. See also Schwartz, p. 253.
- His name also appears in documents as Guinieldus and Unichildus. Cappelletti, p. 385. Schwartz, p. 253.
- On 15 May 1070, Pope Alexander II issued a judgment in disputes between Bishop Guilellmus of Senigaglia and Bishop Benedictus of Fossombrone. Siena, pp. 216-217. Kehr, IV, pp. 192-193, no. 1; p. 216, no. 7.
- Atto: Schwartz, p. 253.
- Siena, p. 217. Cappelletti, p. 385. Gams, p. 726 column 2, dates Trasimundus in 1145–1146.
- Bishop Jacobus (Giacomo, Jacopo) was present at the Second Lateran Council, presided over by Pope Alexander III. Mansi, Tomus XXII (Venice: Zatta 1778), p. 214. Cappelletti, p. 385.
- Alimannus was dead before 31 August 1197, when his successor, Henricus, was present at the consecration of the church of Santa Croce de Fonte Avellana. Cappelletti, pp. 385-386.
- Gams, p. 726 column 2.
- Trasmundus: Siena, p. 219. Eubel, I, p. 446.
- In a bull of 29 May 1223, addressed to Bishop Benno and his successors, Pope Honorius III took the Church of Senogalia under his protection, and confirmed all the rights and privileges possessed by the Church. P. Pressutti, Regesta Honorii Papae III Tomus II (Romae 1888), p. 139, no. 4384. Pressutti seemed to believe that the bishop's name was Bennus, since he prints the name Benno episcopo as the dative of address. He notes the reading of the earlier French scholar Horoy, Remoni, which, while wrong, points to a correct reading of Bennoni. Cappelletti, pp. 388-389 gives the complete text (in Latin).
- Eubel, I, p. 446.
- The narration of events around the election of J.'s successor mentions only his initial, but he had died in 1276 or shortly before that.
- There was a contested election, probably in the winter of 1275/1276. The Podestà threatened two Canons both in body and property if they did not procure the election of Albertinus, Abbot of S. Gaudentius. Hearing of this, the Provost and three Canons of the Cathedral Chapter secretly fled. The remaining six Canons carried out the election of Abbot Albertinus, thereby incurring canonical excommunication. A second electoral Chapter was held, and it appointed a committee of compromise, who chose Fredericus as the new bishop. The matter was referred to the Pope, first to Pope John XXI in 1276, then to Pope Adrian V (1276), then to Pope Nicholas III (1277–1280). Albertinus had submitted his resignation of his claim to John XXI. Pope Martin IV, after having the entire election investigated, declared the election of Fredericus canonical, and provided (appointed) Fredericus as the new Bishop of Senigagllia on 20 June 1284. Power to consecrate him was assigned to the Cardinal of Palestrina, Hieronymus Masci. F. Olivier-Martin, Registres de Martin IV (Paris: Fontemoing 1901), pp. 250-252, no. 526.
- Trasmundus had been Abbot of the monastery of Sicriensis in the diocese of Nocera. At the demand (postulatio) of the Provost and three Canons, acting on behalf of the entire chapter, Trasmundus was preferred (appointed) by Pope Nicholas IV on 21 April 1288. Ernest Langlois, Les registres de Nicolas IV I (Paris: Fontemoing 1905), p. 15, no. 78. Eubel, I, p. 446. Ughelli, p. 870, working from the same document, produced the (wrong) name Sigismundus. Cappelletti, p. 392, produced a Sigismundus, abbot of Santa Maria di Sitria, but the letter of Nicholas IV is decisive. Trasmundus is also called Trasmundus in the letter of Pope Nicholas IV confirming his successor, Bishop Theodinus: Langlois, Registres de Nicolas IV II, p. 833, no. 6186.
- Following the death of Bishop Trasmundus, the Provost and Chapter elected Lambert, priest of the parish of S. Paulina (Rimini), but his parish refused to consent. The Provost and Chapter then conduced a disputed election, part voting for Albericus de Medicina, Canon of Ravenna, and part voting for Theodinus, cleric of the church of S. Giovanni de Montelupone (dioces of Fermo). When the matter was referred to Cardinal Hugo Seguin of Santa Sabina, both candidates voluntarily renounced their claims. Pope Nicholas IV then chose Theodinus and appointed him bishop of Senigallia on 29 September 1291 by the Bull Licet ex debito. Theodinus died in 1294. Ernest Langlois, ed. (1905). Les registres de Nicolas IV.: Recueil des bulles de ce pape. Tome deuxième. Paris: A. Fontemoing. pp. 833, no. 6186. Siena, pp. 222-223. Eubel, I, p. 466, 447.
- Francesco was provided (appointed) by Pope Celestine V in 1294. He was transferred to the diocese of Spoleto by Pope Boniface VIII on 28 March 1295. Eubel, I, pp. 447, 461.
- Francesco had been Bishop of Fano (1289–1295). He was transferred to the diocese of Senigallia by Pope Boniface VIII on 12 December 1295. He was dead by March 1297, as was mentioned in the appointment bull of his successor. Antoine Thomas, Les registres de Boniface VIII I (Paris: E. Thorin 1884), p. 206, no. 586. Eubel, I, pp. 245, 447.
- Uguccione was directly appointed Bishop of Senigallia on 18 March 1297 by Pope Boniface VIII, nos volentes obviare dispendiis que solent ecclesiis ex earum vacatione diutina imminere. His successor was appointed on 12 March 1307. Thomas, Les registres de Boniface VIII I, p. 643, no. 1699. Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Jaonnes: Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Gratias: Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Francesco Silvestri had been a Canon of the Cathedral Chapter of Senigallia. He was appointed bishop by Pope John XXII on 30 April 1318. Francesco was transferred to the diocese of Rimini on 25 May 1321 by John XXII. Eubel, I, pp. 107, 447.
- Bishop Hugolinus was appointed on 25 May 1321 by Pope John XXII. He was transferred to the diocese of Forlimpopoli on 6 June 1323. He died in 1355. Eubel, I, pp. 254, 447.
- Federico de Nicolo de Giovanni had previously been Bishop of Recanati and then from 1320 Macerata (1301–1323). He was appointed Bishop of Senigallia on 6 June 1323 by Pope John XXII. He was transferred to the diocese of Rimini on 21 October 1328. Eubel, I, pp. 107, 410, 447.
- Giovanni d'Ancona held a degree of doctor of theology. He had been the Inquisitor of the March of Ancona since at least 1324. He was appointed Bishop of Senigallia by Pope John XXII in the bull "Licet continuata" of 7 November 1328. He had not been the first choice for the diocese; Joannes de Sancta Victoria, O.E.S.A., had refused the appointment. In the following January, however, he was ordered to continue his function as Inquisitor as well. Bullarium Franciscanum. Tomus quintus. pp. 361–362, nos. 736, 739, 762. Luca Wadding (1733). Joseph Fonseca de Ebora (ed.). Annales Minorum Seu Trium Ordinum A S. Francisco Institutorum (in Latin). Tomus Septimus (secunda ed.). Typis Rochi Bernabò. pp. 88, 104. Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Ugolino: Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Giovanni: Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Cristoforo: Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Radulfus: Eubel, I, p. 447.
- This is not Cardinal Pierre Amelii of the Avignon Obedience, Archbishop of Embrun and Major Penitentiary, who died in 1389: Eubel, I, p. 27 no. 3. Petrus Amelii of S. Michele in Brenne was named Bishop of Senigallia on 5 July 1375 by Pope Gregory XI. He had previously been Sacristan and Confessor of Gregory XI. He was appointed Archbishop of Taranto by Urban VI (Roman Obedience) c. 1386. On 12 November 1387, he was named Patriarch of Grado. He died in 1388 or 1389. Siena, pp. 228-229. Eubel, I, pp. 266, 447, 473.
- Giovanni was appointed bishop by Urban VI on 16 January 1388. He was transferred to the diocese of Savona on 29 October 1394 by Pope Boniface IX. Then he was transferred to Ascoli Piceno by Pope Innocent VII (Roman Obedience) on 22 January 1406, and in 1412 to Fermo by John XXIII (Pisan Obedience), where he died shortly thereafter. Eubel, I, pp. 111, 250, 434, 467.
- Giovanni was a native of Rimini. Cappelletti, p. 394. Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Ricci had previously been Bishop of Ancona (1406–1412), from which he was putatively removed in 1410 by Gregory XII. He was appointed bishop of Senigallia on 19 December 1412 by John XXIII, but, according to Cappelletti, he was not able to take possession until 1415. He was transferred to the diocese of Ischia by Pope Martin V on 10 January 1419, having been previously appointed by Gregory XII without effect, Gregory having been deposed from the papacy in May 1409 by the Council of Pisa as a schismatic, heretic, and oath-breaker. Cappelletti, pp. 394-395. Eubel, I, pp. 88, 286 with note 2, 447.
- Giovanni Roelli was an appointee of Gregory XII. He was not accepted in Senigallia. He was actually Bishop of Fossombrone. Cappelletti, p. 394. Eubel, I, p. 447.
- Angelo was an appointee of Gregory XII. He was not accepted. Eubel, I, p. 447.
- A native of Ancona, Simone had previously been Prior General of his Order, and Bishop of Ancona (1410–1412), as an appointee of Gregory XII. He was deposed as a follower of the false pope, and travelled to the Council of Constance to have his position recognized. He failed. He was transferred to Senigallia by Pope Martin V on 6 March 1419. Siena, pp. 232-233. Eubel, I, pp. 88, 447.
- Siena, pp. 233-234. Eubel, I, p. 447; II, p. 235.
- Bartolomeo had been Apostolic Scriptor and Datary of Pope Eugene IV. Siena, p. 235. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica II, p. 235 with note 2.
- Siena, pp. 235-236. Eubel, II, p. 235 with note 3.
- Siena, pp. 236-237. Eubel, II, p. 235 with note 4.
- Marco Vigerio was a grand-nephew of Pope Sixtus IV, and enjoyed the post of lector in theology at the Sapienza, University of Rome, from 1474. He was named Bishop of Senigallia and prefect of the territory on 6 October 1476, and introduced the Conventual Franciscans into his diocese in 1491, granting them the parish church of S. Maria Maddelena. He was appointed Master of the Sacred Palace in Rome in 1484, a position which required residence, as did his office of Castellan of the Castel S. Angelo from 1503 to 1506. He was named a cardinal on 1 December 1505 by Pope Julius II. He resigned the diocese of Senigallia in favor of his nephew Marco Quinto Vigerio della Rovere on 9 May 1513. He died on 18 July 1516. Siena,, pp. 237-240. Eubel, II, p. 235 with note 5; III, p. 298 with note 2.
- Marco Quinto Vigerio was a nephew Cardinal Leonardo Grosso della Rovere, and of his predecessor, Cardinal Marco Vigerio, who resigned in his favor. Marco Quinto was only ten years old, and therefore had to wait for seventeen years to be seated as bishop, according to Canon Law. He was named bishop of Senigallia on 9 May 1513. In 1538 Pope Paul III named him Vice-Legate and Rector (Governor) of Bologna, then Rector of the Marches, then of Parma and Piacenza. He built a country villa at Montealboddo for himself and his successors, and reconstructed the cathedral. He attended the Council of Trent in 1542. On 23 May 1550 he obtained from Pope Julius III the appointment of a Coadjutor bishop, his nephew Urbano Vigerio della Rovere. He died in Rome in 1560. Siena, pp. 240-241. Cappelletti, p. 397-398. Eubel, II, p. 298 with note 3.
- Urbano Vigerio was the nephew of his predecessor, Marco Quinto Vigerio, and served as his Coadjutor bishop for ten years, from the age of twenty-seven. He became Bishop of Senigaglia on the death of his uncle. Siena, p. 242. Cappelletti, p. 398. Eubel, II, p. 298 with note 4.
- Eubel, Hierarchia catholica III, p. 298 with note 6.
- Eubel, III, p. 298 with note 7.
- "Bishop Pietro Ridolfi, O.F.M. Conv." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016.[self-published source]
- Gauchat, IV, p. 312 with note 3.
- Barberini resigned the diocese on 11 December 1628. Gauchat, pp. 19, no. 2 with notes 4, 5, and 6; 312 with note 4.
- A native of Bologna, Campeggi was a doctor in law (Pisa, Bologna), and a Referendary of the Tribunal of the Two Signatures. He served as Governor of Rome, and had previously been Bishop of Cesena (1623–1628). While Bishop of Cesena he served as papal Nuncio to Savoy (1624–1627). During his episcopate in Senogallia, to which he was appointed by Pope Urban VIII on 11 December 1628, he was governor and Vice-Legate in Urbino. He was papal Nuncio in Spain from 31 January 1634 until his death on 8 August 1639. Henry Biaudet, Les nonciatures apostoliques permanents, jusqu'en 1648, (Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedakatemia 1910), p. 258. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, pp. 127 with note 4; 312 with note 5.
- A native of Bologna, Facchinetti had been titular Archbishop of Damietta (1639–1643), to qualify him to be papal Nuncio to Spain. On his return, he was named Bishop of Senigallia, on 18 May 1643, and allowed to retain the title of Titular Archbishop of Damietta. He was appointed a cardinal on 13 June 1643, the usual reward for a successful nunciature in Spain. On 2 Aug 1655, Pope Alexander VII appointed Facchinetti Bishop of Spoleto, with the retention of the personal title of Archbishop of Damietta. Lorenzo Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, Tomo VII (Rome: Pagliarini, 1793), pp. 28-30. Cappelletti, p. 400. Gauchat, pp. 25 no. 62, with notes 8 and 9; 172 with note 2; 312, with note 6.
- Gauchat, IV, p. 312 with note 7.
- Guidi was appointed papal Nuncio to France on 23 April 1644, where he served until December 1656. He was named titular Archbishop of Athens (1644–1657). He was appointed a cardinal on 9 April 1657, and named Bishop of Senigallia on 28 May 1657. He resigned the diocese on 1 September 1659. Siena, pp. 248-249. Cappelletti, p. 400. Gauchat, IV, pp. 33 no. 4; 99 with note 4; 312 with note 8.
- Gauchat, IV, p. 312 with note 9.
- Baschi was a native of Orvieto, and held the degree Doctor in utroque iure. He was appointed bishop of Senigallia on 8 June 1682 by Pope Innocent XI. He was consecrated in Rome on 14 June by Cardinal César d'Estrées. He died at the episcopal villa of Montealboddo on 25 September 1684. Siena, p. 249. Cappelletti, p. 400. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 353 with note 2.
- Dandini was born in Cesena in 1634, and held the degree of Doctor in utroque iure from his hometown university (1685) at the age of fifty-one. He was appointed Bishop of Senigallia on 1 April 1686, five months after receiving his doctorate, and was consecrated a bishop in Rome by Cardinal Alessandro Crescenzio on 15 April. He restored the episcopal palace. He died on 7 August 1712, and was buried in the cathedral, in the new chapel of S. Gaudenzio, which he himself had built. Siena, pp. 249-250. Cappelletti, p. 400. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 353 with note 3. "Bishop Muzio Dandini" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 16, 2016.[self-published source]
- Paracciani: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 353 with note 4.
- Pico: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 353 with note 5.
- Castelli: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 353 with note 6.
- Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 375 with note 2.
- On 17 Jan 1746 Manciforte was appointed Bishop of Ancona e Numana. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 375 with note 2.
- Rossi: Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 376 with note 4.
- Honorati: Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica VI, p. 376 with note 5.
- CV of Bishop Orlandoni: Diocesi di Senigallia, "Vescovo Emerito Giuseppe: S.E.Mons. Giuseppe Orlandoni"; retrieved 22 March 2019. (in Italian)
- CV of Bishop Maneti: Diocesi di Senigallia, "Vescovo: Mons. Francesco Manenti, Vescovo di Senigallia"; retrieved 22 March 2019. (in Italian)
Reference works for bishopsEdit
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo (in Latin). Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. pp. 700-701.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica (in Latin). Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica. Tomus IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi. Tomus V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi. Tomus VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1968). Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi (in Latin). Volume VII (1800–1846). Monasterii: Libreria Regensburgiana.
- Remigius Ritzler; Pirminus Sefrin (1978). Hierarchia catholica Medii et recentioris aevi (in Latin). Volume VIII (1846–1903). Il Messaggero di S. Antonio.
- Pięta, Zenon (2002). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi (in Latin). Volume IX (1903–1922). Padua: Messagero di San Antonio. ISBN 978-88-250-1000-8.
- Cappelletti, Giuseppe (1845). Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Volume terzo. editore Antonelli. pp. 377–410.
- Cucchi, T. M. (1931). Cronologia dei vescovi della Santa Chiesa senigalliese. Senigallia: Scuola tip. Marchegiana 1931. (in Italian)
- Kehr, Paul Fridolin (1909). Italia pontificia : sive, Repertorium privilegiorum et litterarum a romanis pontificibus ante annum 1598 Italiae ecclesiis, monasteriis, civitatibus singulisque personis concessorum. Tomus IV. Berolini, Apud Weidmannos. (in Latin) pp. 192-194.
- Lanzoni, Francesco (1927). Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604). Faenza: F. Lega, pp.
- Mencucci, Angelo (1994). Senigallia e la sua diocesi: Senigallia dalle origini ad oggi (in Italian). Fano: Editrice Fortuna.
- Polverari, Alberto (1981). Senigallia nella storia. 2 volumes. Senigallia: Edizioni 2G, 1981. (in Italian)
- Schwartz, Gerhard (1907). Die Besetzung der Bistümer Reichsitaliens unter den sächsischen und salischen Kaisern: mit den Listen der Bischöfe, 951-1122. Leipzig: B.G. Teubner. pp. 240-241. (in German)
- Siena, Lodovico (1746). Storia della città di Sinigaglia (in Italian). Sinigaglia: Calvani. pp. 211–255.
- Ughelli, Ferdinando; Coleti, Niccolò (1717). Italia sacra sive De Episcopis Italiae, et insularum adjacentium (in Latin). Tomus secundus (secunda ed.). Venezia: Sebastianum Coleti. pp. 865–881.
- Diocese of Senigallia (in English); retrieved: 13 March 2019.