Diocese of Moray
The Diocese of Moray was one of the most important of the medieval dioceses of the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland. Its territory was in central northern Scotland.
|Head||Bishop of Moray|
|Archdeacon(s)||Archdeacon of Moray|
|Known rural deans||Elgin, Inverness, Strathbogie, Strathspey|
|First attestation||1114 x 1120|
|Metropolitan before 1472||None|
|Metropolitan after 1492||Archbishop of St Andrews|
|Previous cathedral(s)||Birnie, Kinneddar and Spynie|
|Catholic successor||Merged into resurrected Diocese of Aberdeen, 4 March 1878|
|Episcopal successor||Diocese of Moray, Ross and Caithness|
Bishops of MorayEdit
Bishop Bricius organised the constitution of the church, but it was Bishop Andreas who increased the number of dignitaries and prebend canons and was responsible for gaining large grants of land from his kinsmen, the powerful de Moravia lords, as well as from the king. In the year of his death, Andreas changed the cathedral's constitution to mirror that of Salisbury.
Other bishops made a lasting impact on the diocese; probably the most important of these was Alexander Bur (1362–1397), who championed the right of the Moray church to retain its property against a ruthless magnate, Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan, called the "Wolf of Badenoch".
Apparently the see served repeatedly as a stepping stone:
- Bishop Henry de Lichton (18 May 1414 – April 1422) went on to become bishop of Aberdeen
- Andrew Forman (26 November 1501 – 1514) became Metropolitan Archbishop, first of Bourges (France) (15 July 1513 – 1514), then of St Andrews (1514 – 11 March 1521)
The last of the Roman Catholic bishops was Patrick Hepburn, who alienated almost all of the lands pertaining to the church at the time of the Scottish Reformation.
In the Scottish Episcopal Church, Charles Fyvie (of Inverness) was Dean of the United Diocese of Moray, Ross and Argyle in 1846 until the dioceses were reconfigured, then Dean of Moray and Ross until 1849, when he was succeeded by William C. A. Maclaurin (of Elgin).
Extent and DeaneriesEdit
The diocese covered a large area extending from Huntly in the east, within a few miles of the Knoydart Peninsula in the west and, in the south-west, to the Atlantic Ocean at an inlet of Loch Linnhe in Lochaber.
It was divided into the four deaneries of Elgin, Inverness, Strathbogie and Strathspey. Each of these deaneries contained a number of parishes that provided the mensal and prebendal means for the church.
Authorisation was also granted to create a chapter of eight canons to administer the cathedral. The chapter based its constitution on that of Lincoln Cathedral. It is possible that this decision may have been influenced by the fact that Bricius' immediate predecessor was Bishop Richard de Lincoln.
Bricius saw that Spynie was too remote from those it sought to serve; to ensure the safety of the clergy, he petitioned the pope to allow the church to be moved to the relative safety of Elgin. It was not until after his death, however, that this was achieved under the episcopate of Bishop Andreas de Moravia, and with the authority of Pope Honorius III and King Alexander II on 19 July 1224.
- Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis no. 81
- Discussion on the quarrel, see: (1) Grant, Alexander: The Wolf of Badenoch in Moray: Province and People; ed. Seller, W. D. H. Edinburgh, pp. 143—161; (2) Oram, Richard D. "Alexander Bur, Bishop of Moray, 1362–1397" in Barbara Crawford (ed.) Church Chronicle and Learning in Medieval and Early Renaissance Scotland, Edinburgh, 1999, pp. 202—204
- The Clergy List, 1846 p. 263
- The Clergy List, 1849 p. 282
- McNeil, MacQueen, Atlas of Scottish History, p. 355
- Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis no. 46
- Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis, nos. 48, 49 and 93
- Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis no. 45
- Registrum Episcopatus Moraviensis nos. 26, 57 and 58
- Cant, Robert: Historic Elgin and its Cathedral, Elgin: Elgin Society, 1974, p. 23