Dimitrov Constitution

The Dimitrov Constitution was the second Constitution of Bulgaria, in effect from 1947 to 1971.[1] It formed the legal basis for Communist rule in Bulgaria.[2]

Dimitrov Constitution
The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bulgaria of 1947.jpg
Original titleДимитровска конституция
Ratified4 December 1947
Date effective6 December 1947
Repealed18 May 1971
LocationNational Historical Museum
Author(s)6th Grand National Assembly
SupersedesTarnovo Constitution

Georgi Dimitrov, after whom the document is named, guided the framing of the 1947 constitution on the model of the 1936 Soviet Constitution.[3] The Dimitrov Constitution guaranteed citizens equality before the law; freedom from discrimination; a universal welfare system; freedom of speech, the press, and assembly; and inviolability of person, domicile, and correspondence.[3] But those rights were qualified by a clause prohibiting activity that would jeopardize the attainments of "the national revolution of 9 September 1944."[3] Citizens were guaranteed employment but required to work in a socially useful capacity.[3] The constitution also prescribed a planned national economy.[3] Private property was allowed, if its possession was not "to the detriment of the public good."[3]


  1. ^ Konstantinov, Emil. Constitutional Foundation of Bulgaria (Historical Parallels) Archived 2016-04-01 at the Wayback Machine. Rigas Network, 2002.
  2. ^ Bulgaria: The early Communist era at Encyclopedia Britannica
  3. ^ a b c d e f   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Glenn E. Curtis (June 1992). "The Dimitrov Constitution". In Curtis, Glenn E. (ed.). Bulgaria: a country study. Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. LCCN 93010955.

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