Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide

Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide is an important chemical for the final process of synthesizing Tabun, a nerve agent used as a chemical weapon.

Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide
Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide 3D model
Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide 2D structure
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
N,N-Dimethylphosphoramidic dicyanide
Other names
(Dimethylamido)phosphoryl dicyanide
N,N-Dimethylphosphoramidodicyanidate
N-Dicyanophosphoryl-N-methylmethanamine
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
  • InChI=1S/C4H6N3OP/c1-7(2)9(8,3-5)4-6/h1-2H3 checkY
    Key: REFCDSGCMMWWTR-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/C4H6N3OP/c1-7(2)9(8,3-5)4-6/h1-2H3
    Key: REFCDSGCMMWWTR-UHFFFAOYAK
  • CN(C)P(=O)(C#N)C#N
Properties
C4H6N3OP
Molar mass 143.086 g·mol−1
Hazards
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
4
3
2
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
checkY verify (what is checkY☒N ?)

PreparationEdit

Dimethylamidophosphoric dicyanide could be prepared by reacting Dimethylamidophosphoric dichloride with sodium cyanide.

 

SafetyEdit

This chemical is very flammable, highly toxic, and reactive. If ingested or absorbed through skin, it will cause mild nerve agent symptoms directly as well as blood agent symptoms due to release of HCN. If mixed with water, it gives off poisonous hydrogen cyanide fumes and dimethylamidophosphoric acid.

See alsoEdit