A display device is an output device for presentation of information in visual or tactile form (the latter used for example in tactile electronic displays for blind people). When the input information that is supplied has an electrical signal, the display is called an electronic display.
In the history of display technology, a variety of display devices and technologies have been used.
There are various designs for display devices, using various technologies. Several components are common to most display devices.
- Display, or screen, the portion of the device that displays changeable image
- Bezel, the area surrounding portion that displays changing information
- Housing, the enclosure of the display
Types of electronic displaysEdit
These are the technologies used to create the various displays in use today.
- Electroluminescent (ELD) display
- Liquid crystal (LCD) display with Light-emitting diode (LED)-backlit Liquid crystal (LCD) display used in the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus and iPhone XR
- Light-emitting diode (LED) display
- Plasma (PDP) display
- Quantum dot (QLED) display
Some displays can show only digits or alphanumeric characters. They are called segment displays, because they are composed of several segments that switch on and off to give appearance of desired glyph. The segments are usually single LEDs or liquid crystals. They are mostly used in digital watches and pocket calculators. There are several types:
- Seven-segment display (most common, digits only)
- Fourteen-segment display
- Sixteen-segment display
- HD44780 LCD controller a widely accepted protocol for LCDs.
Underlying technologies of segment displaysEdit
- Incandescent filaments
- Vacuum fluorescent display
- Cold cathode gas discharge
- Light-emitting diode (LED)
- Liquid crystal display (LCD)
- Physical vane with electromagnetic activation
Full-area 2-dimensional displaysEdit
Applications of full-area 2-dimensional displaysEdit
Full-area 2-dimensional displays are used in, for example:
Underlying technologies of full-area 2-dimensional displaysEdit
Underlying technologies for full-area 2-dimensional displays include:
- Cathode ray tube display (CRT)
- Light-emitting diode display (LED)
- Electroluminescent display (ELD)
- Electronic paper, E Ink
- Plasma display panel (PDP)
- Liquid crystal display (LCD)
- Organic light-emitting diode display (OLED)
- Digital Light Processing display (DLP)
- Surface-conduction electron-emitter display (SED) (experimental)
- Field emission display (FED) (experimental)
- Laser TV (forthcoming)
- Carbon nanotubes (experimental)
- Quantum dot display (QLED)
- Interferometric modulator display (IMOD)
- Digital microshutter display (DMS)
The multiplexed display technique is used to drive most display devices.
- Swept-volume display
- Varifocal mirror display
- Emissive volume display
- Laser display
- Holographic display
- Light field displays
- Ticker tape (historical)
- Split-flap display (or simply flap display)
- Flip-disc display (or flip-dot display)
- Tactile electronic displays are usually intended for the blind. They use electro-mechanical parts to dynamically update a tactile image (usually of text) so that the image may be felt by the fingers.
- Optacon, using metal rods instead of light in order to convey images to blind people by tactile sensation.
- Addressing scheme
- Audio and video connector
- Comparison CRT, LCD, Plasma
- Computer-controlled milling machines
- Digital image processing
- Graphical user interfaces
- Graphics chip
- Haptic technology
- Human machine interface
- Input device
- LCD projector
- Rapid prototyping
- Text display
- Times Square, where numerous display devices can be seen in use
- Vector graphics vs. Raster graphics
- Video card
- Lemley, Linda. "Chapter 6: Output". Discovering Computers. University of West Florida. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- "Accommodations For Vision Disabilities". Energy.gov. Office of the Chief information Officer. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- "iPhone 8 - Technical Specifications". Apple.
- "iPhone XR - Technical Specifications". Apple.
- "iPhone XS - Technical Specifications". Apple.
- "Specifications - Samsung Galaxy S9 and S9+". The Official Samsung Galaxy Site.