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Dictyophorines are a pair of sesquiterpenes isolated from the fungus Phallus indusiatus (Dictyophora indusiata).[1][2] These compounds are based on the eudesmane skeleton, a common structure found in plant-derived flavors and fragrances, and they are the first eudesmane derivatives isolated from fungi. Dictyophorines A and B promote the synthesis of nerve growth factor in astroglial cells.[3]

Dictyophorine A.svg
Dictyophorine A
Dictyophorine B.svg
Dictyophorine B
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 232.323 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references


  1. ^ Che, Zongling; Vidari, Giovanni; Finzi, Paola Vita (1997). "Two new compounds from mushroom Dictyophora indusiata Fisch". Fujian Fenxi Ceshi. 6 (4): 740–746.
  2. ^ ‹See Tfd›CN 102633613, ‹See Tfd›Liu, Dongfeng; Guo, Qin, "Extracting dictyophorine B" 
  3. ^ Kawagishi, Hirokazu (July 1997). "Dictyophorines A and B, two stimulators of NGF-synthesis from the mushroom Dictyophora indusiata". Phytochemistry. Elsevier. 45 (6): 1203–1205. doi:10.1016/s0031-9422(97)00144-1. PMID 9272967.