Dichlorofluorescein (DCF) is an organic dye of the fluorescein family, being substituted at the 2 and 7 positions by chloride.
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|Molar mass||401.20 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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When used as an indicator, upon reaching the equivalence point of a titration reaction the color shifts from colorless towards a faint pink.
It is also used in the cellular antioxidant activity (CAA) assay. Dichlorofluorescin (DCFH) is a probe that is trapped within cells and is easily oxidized to fluorescent dichlorofluorescein (DCF). The method measures the ability of compounds to prevent the formation of DCF by 2,2'-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (ABAP)-generated peroxyl radicals in human hepatocarcinoma HepG2 cells. By itself, dichlorofluorescin (DCFH) also quantifies intracellular hydrogen peroxide as well as cellular oxidative stress.
- Kolthoff, I. M.; Lauer, W. M.; Sunde, C. J. (1929). "The Use of Dichlorofluorescein as an Adsorption Indicator for the Argentometric Titration of Chlorides". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 51 (11): 3273. doi:10.1021/ja01386a014.
- Bambach, Karl; Rider, T. H. (1935). "Volumetric Determinations of Halides: Use of Dichlorofluorescein as an Adsorption Indicator". Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Analytical Edition. 7 (3): 165. doi:10.1021/ac50095a012.
- Wolfe, K. L.; Liu, R. H. (2007). "Cellular Antioxidant Activity (CAA) Assay for Assessing Antioxidants, Foods, and Dietary Supplements". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 55 (22): 8896–8907. doi:10.1021/jf0715166. PMID 17902627.
- LeBel, C. P.; Ischiropoulos, Harry; Bondy, S. C. (1992). "Evaluation of the probe 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin as an indicator of reactive oxygen species formation and oxidative stress" (PDF). Chem. Res. Toxicol. 5 (2): 227–231. doi:10.1021/tx00026a012.