The Desert Reconnaissance Battalion (DRB) (also known as Unit 585 or the Bedouin Battalion) is a unit of the Israel Defense Forces. It is an ethnic minority unit consisting of volunteers from the Bedouin, Christian, Muslim, Druze and Circassian ethnoreligious groups, while the majority of the IDF and the Israeli population are Jews. The DRB was founded in the late 1980s and since then has largely been deployed on the border with the Gaza Strip on security duties.
|585th Desert Reconnaissance Battalion|
|Part of||143rd "Fire Fox" (Territorial) Division, Southern Command|
The Desert Reconnaissance Battalion (DRB), also known as Unit 585, was one of three ethnic minority units in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). The others are the Sword Battalion (for the Druze) and the Bedouin Trackers; the Sword Battalion has since been disbanded. The vast majority of the service personnel in the IDF are Jews, the predominant ethnoreligious group in Israel and one (with the Druze and Circassians) subject to compulsory service. Other groups are able to volunteer in the IDF and the DRB includes Bedouin, Christians, Muslims, Druse and Circassians.
The majority in the DRB are Bedouin and the unit is sometimes referred to as the "Bedouin Battalion". Most of the Arabs in the IDF are Bedouin from southern Israeli Naqab. Around 80% of the Naqab Bedouin recruits elect to serve in the DRB or the Bedouin Trackers, with most selecting the DRB.
Around 1,500 Bedouin currently serve in the IDF, though the leadership have made efforts to increase this number. Since the founding of the state in 1948 more than 110 Bedouin have been killed whilst serving in the IDF.
The DRB was founded in the late 1980s, since which it has largely served on the border between Israel and the Gaza Strip. It has a base nearby at Kissufim. The battalion serves alongside the Bedouin Trackers on patrols, using tracking techniques to search for terrorists and to prevent infiltration of the border. Because some members face threats and harassment from members of their community they are permitted to travel to and from duty out of uniform.
The Desert Reconnaissance Battalion is equipped with MDT David light armoured personnel carriers, Wolf Armoured Vehicles and Humvees. It is currently part of the 143rd "Fire Fox" (Territorial) Division of Southern Command.
For much of its history the Desert Reconnaissance Battalion had been deployed to the dangerous Rafah Border Crossing. Five soldiers of the battalion were killed there in 2004, after which the Israeli newspaper Haaretz asked whether the unit had been assigned this post due to the perceived lower social standing of its soldiers. It had spent the preceding four years at Rafah while other frontline units were rotated through the post. The unit's first Bedouin commanding officer was appointed in December 2004.
- Frantzman, Seth J. (13 October 2016). "Meet the IDF's 'Beduin battalion'". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
- Kanaaneh, Rhoda Ann (10 October 2008). Surrounded: Palestinian Soldiers in the Israeli Military. Stanford University Press. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-8047-6978-5.
- Sim, David (6 December 2016). "The Arab soldiers who join the Israeli army to fight for the Jewish state". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
- "Discrimination in Life and Death". Haaretz. 15 December 2004. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
- Gross, Judah Ari (22 April 2015). "Israel remembers its fallen from minority communities". www.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
- Ahronheim, Anna (12 January 2020). "Arab Christians and Bedouins in the IDF: Meet the members of Unit 585". The Jerusalem Post.
- Kanaaneh, Rhoda Ann (10 October 2008). Surrounded: Palestinian Soldiers in the Israeli Military. Stanford University Press. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-8047-6978-5.
- Cohen, Stuart A. (24 January 2008). Israel and its Army: From Cohesion to Confusion. Routledge. p. 170. ISBN 978-1-134-14640-6.