Desamparados (canton)

Desamparados is the 3rd canton in the province of San José in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 118.26 km²,[2] and has a population of 206,708,[3] making it the third most populated among the 81 cantons of Costa Rica. The capital city of the canton is also called Desamparados.

Desamparados
Flag of Desamparados
Official seal of Desamparados
Desamparados canton
Desamparados canton location in San José Province##Desamparados canton location in Costa Rica
Desamparados canton location in San José Province##Desamparados canton location in Costa Rica
Desamparados
Desamparados canton location in San José Province
Desamparados canton location in San José Province##Desamparados canton location in Costa Rica
Desamparados canton location in San José Province##Desamparados canton location in Costa Rica
Desamparados
Desamparados canton location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°48′41″N 84°01′44″W / 9.8114083°N 84.0289552°W / 9.8114083; -84.0289552Coordinates: 9°48′41″N 84°01′44″W / 9.8114083°N 84.0289552°W / 9.8114083; -84.0289552
Country Costa Rica
ProvinceSan José
Creation4 November 1862[1]
CityDesamparados
Districts
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipalidad de Desamparados
 • MayorGilbert Jiménez Siles (PLN)
Area
 • Total118.26 km2 (45.66 sq mi)
Elevation
1,270 m (4,170 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total208,411
 • Density1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−06:00
Canton code103
Websitewww.desamparados.go.cr

The canton begins in the southern suburbs of the national capital city of San José, with the Río Tiribí marking its northern boundary. It snakes its way south in the shape of a backward ´S´, finally reaching its southern limit at the Río Tarrazú. It contains the bigger of the last forest lungs in the metropolitan area of Costa Ricans capital, the Loma Salitral, which conservation issues have generated social conflicts between community environmentalist and immobiliary developers, as it is seen as an identity mark of the desamparadeño people and a very important infiltration area to prevent the frequents and disastrous floods in the district of Gravilias.[4]

Urban areas claim 80.4% of the canton's population. Those under age 10 make up 19.8% of its inhabitants, while 5.1% are over 65.

DistrictsEdit

The canton of Desamparados is subdivided into 13 districts (distritos):[5]

  1. Desamparados
  2. San Miguel
  3. San Juan de Dios
  4. San Rafael Arriba
  5. San Antonio
  6. Frailes
  7. Patarrá
  8. San Cristóbal
  9. Rosario
  10. Damas
  11. San Rafael Abajo
  12. Gravilias
  13. Los Guido

HistoryEdit

The canton was established by a legislative decree of November 4, 1862.

SportsEdit

The football soccer club Orión F.C. de Desamparados plays here.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18647,067
18835,408−23.5%
18926,47119.7%
19279,46346.2%
195015,61465.0%
196333,845116.8%
197374,272119.4%
1984108,82446.5%
2000193,47877.8%
2011208,4117.7%

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos[6]
Centro Centroamericano de Población[7]

For the 2011 census, Desamparados had a population of 208,411 inhabitants.[8]

TransportationEdit

Road transportationEdit

The canton is covered by the following road routes:

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

 
Desamparados canton in San José province
  1. ^ Hernández, Hermógenes (1985). Costa Rica: evolución territorial y principales censos de población 1502 - 1984 (in Spanish) (1 ed.). San José: Editorial Universidad Estatal a Distancia. pp. 164–173. ISBN 9977-64-243-5. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  2. ^ Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN), 2001.
  3. ^ Estimates of Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC), May 2003.
  4. ^ "Sala IV resuelve a favor de la protección de la Loma Salitral en Desamparados".
  5. ^ "División Territorial Administrativa de Costa Rica" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto de Fomento y Asesoria Municipal (IFAM). 5 May 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-08-02.
  6. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos" (in Spanish).
  7. ^ "Sistema de Consulta de a Bases de Datos Estadísticas". Centro Centroamericano de Población (in Spanish).
  8. ^ "Censo. 2011. Población total por zona y sexo, según provincia, cantón y distrito". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 September 2020.