# Derived tensor product

In algebra, given a differential graded algebra A over a commutative ring R, the derived tensor product functor is

${\displaystyle -\otimes _{A}^{\textbf {L}}-:D({\mathsf {M}}_{A})\times D({}_{A}{\mathsf {M}})\to D({}_{R}{\mathsf {M}})}$

where ${\displaystyle {\mathsf {M}}_{A}}$ and ${\displaystyle {}_{A}{\mathsf {M}}}$ are the categories of right A-modules and left A-modules and D refers to the homotopy category (i.e., derived category).[1] By definition, it is the left derived functor of the tensor product functor ${\displaystyle -\otimes _{A}-:{\mathsf {M}}_{A}\times {}_{A}{\mathsf {M}}\to {}_{R}{\mathsf {M}}}$.

## Derived tensor product in derived ring theory

If R is an ordinary ring and M, N right and left modules over it, then, regarding them as discrete spectra, one can form the smash product of them:

${\displaystyle M\otimes _{R}^{L}N}$

whose i-th homotopy is the i-th Tor:

${\displaystyle \pi _{i}(M\otimes _{R}^{L}N)=\operatorname {Tor} _{i}^{R}(M,N)}$ .

It is called the derived tensor product of M and N. In particular, ${\displaystyle \pi _{0}(M\otimes _{R}^{L}N)}$  is the usual tensor product of modules M and N over R.

Geometrically, the derived tensor product corresponds to the intersection product (of derived schemes).

Example: Let R be a simplicial commutative ring, Q(R) → R be a cofibrant replacement, and ${\displaystyle \Omega _{Q(R)}^{1}}$  be the module of Kähler differentials. Then

${\displaystyle \mathbb {L} _{R}=\Omega _{Q(R)}^{1}\otimes _{Q(R)}^{L}R}$

is an R-module called the cotangent complex of R. It is functorial in R: each RS gives rise to ${\displaystyle \mathbb {L} _{R}\to \mathbb {L} _{S}}$ . Then, for each RS, there is the cofiber sequence of S-modules

${\displaystyle \mathbb {L} _{S/R}\to \mathbb {L} _{R}\otimes _{R}^{L}S\to \mathbb {L} _{S}.}$

The cofiber ${\displaystyle \mathbb {L} _{S/R}}$  is called the relative cotangent complex.

## Notes

1. ^ Hinich, Vladimir (1997-02-11). "Homological algebra of homotopy algebras". arXiv:q-alg/9702015.