Dennis Andrew Canavan (born 8 August 1942) is a Scottish politician. He was the Member of Parliament for Falkirk West from 1974 to 2000 (known as West Stirlingshire from 1974 to 1983), first as a member of the Labour Party, and then as an Independent. He then served as an Independent Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Falkirk West from 1999 to 2007.
|Member of the Scottish Parliament|
for Falkirk West
6 May 1999 – 2 April 2007
|Preceded by||New parliament|
|Succeeded by||Michael Matheson|
|Member of Parliament|
for Falkirk West
West Stirlingshire (Oct 1974–1983)
10 October 1974 – 21 November 2000
|Preceded by||William Baxter|
|Succeeded by||Eric Joyce|
Dennis Andrew Canavan
8 August 1942
|Political party||Independent (1999–present)|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh|
Born in Cowdenbeath, Canavan was educated at St. Bride's and St. Columba's Schools, Cowdenbeath, St Andrew's College, Drygrange, and at the University of Edinburgh. He worked as a schoolteacher from 1968 until 1974 and was Assistant Head of Holy Rood High School Edinburgh at the time of his first election to Parliament. Canavan was also head of the maths department at St Modans High in Stirling.
He was leader of the Labour Party Group on Stirling District Council in 1974 and, in October of that year, was elected as Labour Member of Parliament (MP) for West Stirlingshire. Following boundary changes, he was MP for Falkirk West from 1983 to 2000. He was Chair of the Scottish Parliamentary Labour Group, 1980 – 1981. In 1975, he tried introducing a bill to abolish corporal punishment in schools and his efforts formed part of the case presented to the European Commission of Human Rights which led eventually to abolition. He voted against the Blair Government's proposals to cut benefits for children of lone parents, abolish Student Grants and introduce tuition fees.
A keen sports enthusiast, he was founder and Convener of the Scottish Sports Group at Westminster and the Cross-Party Sports Group in the Scottish Parliament. He has completed a marathon in less than 3 hours and the Ben Nevis Race in just over 2 hours. He won a gold medal, playing for Scotland in the British Universities Football Championships in 1967. In his book The Final Whistle?, Harry Reid claims that Canavan took part in the 1977 Wembley pitch invasion after Scotland beat England and ripped up a patch of the turf.
He takes an active interest in international affairs and served as a member of the House of Commons Select Committees on Foreign Affairs and International Development. He is still a member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and Amnesty International and is interested in conflict resolution.
He chaired the Northern Ireland Committee of the Parliamentary Labour Party from 1989 to 1997, and led several Parliamentary delegations to Ireland during The Troubles. He served on the British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body from 1992 to 2000. As a member of the European and External Relations Committee of the Scottish Parliament, he was author of a report on the potential for co-operation between Scotland and Ireland. He has frequently spoken out against sectarianism and racism.
Throughout his political life, Canavan played a leading part in the campaign for a Scottish Parliament. When Labour was in opposition, he led a nationwide consultation about devolution, on behalf of the Scottish Group of Labour MPs, leading to the publication of a bill to establish a Scottish Parliament with revenue-raising powers. However, in 1999, when the first elections to the Scottish Parliament were held, the New Labour leadership rejected him as an official Labour candidate, despite the fact that he had the support of 97% of local party members. He therefore stood as an Independent, and was consequently expelled from the party. He won with almost 55 percent of the vote, the highest majority of any MSP in the 1999 election. He resigned his Westminster seat in 2000 to concentrate on representing his constituents in the Scottish Parliament. Canavan retained his Holyrood seat in 2003 with 55.7 percent of the vote, again with the biggest majority in Scotland.
In the Scottish Parliament, he was a member of the European and External Relations Committee and Convener of the All-Party Sports Group from 1999. In 2003 he criticised the Scottish football authorities when Falkirk Football Club was refused promotion to the Scottish Premier League, despite having won the First Division Championship. He supported Falkirk's efforts to build a new stadium for community use and he still regularly attends the club's matches. He is also Honorary President of Milton Amateurs Football Club.
Canavan enjoys hill-walking and, in the Scottish Parliament, he championed the people's right of access to the countryside, successfully introducing amendments to the Land Reform (Scotland) Bill to extend the right of access to country estates, including land belonging to the Queen. He is now President of Ramblers Scotland.
When he announced his retirement before the 2007 Scottish Parliament elections, he was the longest serving parliamentarian in the Scottish Parliament, having completed a combined 33 years at Westminster and Holyrood. After this announcement he received an ovation in the Chamber of the Scottish Parliament from other MSPs and was praised by the First Minister Jack McConnell as "an outstanding parliamentarian over a long, long period of time".
In April 2010, Canavan declared his support for John McNally, the Scottish National Party candidate for Falkirk in the 2010 general election. Falkirk is the successor to Canavan's former Westminster constituency.
In recognition of his public service, Falkirk Council launched the Dennis Canavan Scholarship to encourage young people to go on to further or higher education and to use their talents to help others.
- Dennis Canavan, Let the people decide: the autobiography of Dennis Canavan (2009), p. 32
- Reid, Harry, The Final Whistle?, Birlinn, 52, ISBN 1-84158-362-6
- "Scots hide Irish heritage". BBC News. 11 April 2001. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "Catholic church backing". BBC News. 6 December 2000. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Canavan will not fight election, bbc.co.uk, 23 January 2007
- Canavan receives Holyrood ovation, bbc.co.uk, 25 January 2007
- Hamish Macdonell (25 April 2010). "Blow for Labour as Canavan backs SNP candidate". Caledonian Mercury. Archived from the original on 1 May 2010.
- "Canavan scholarship is launched". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 2 June 2015.
- "Former MP's 'indescribable depression' after losing four children". BBC News. 15 April 2019.
- "Politician Dennis Canavan: 'I dream most nights and I very rarely have a happy dream'". The Scotsman. 12 September 2009.
- "Dennis Canavan's memoir tells of heartache and Holyrood". The Herald. 21 September 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- Dennis Canavan MSP Biography at the Scottish Parliament website
- Dennis Canavan MSP Biography at personal website
- The colourful MSP calls it a day BBC profile
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for West Stirlingshire
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Falkirk West
|New constituency|| Member of the Scottish Parliament for Falkirk West